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72Isea&iISPRING-SUMMER 2010parameters continuously, transmitting data via satellite or otherwireless communications. The SeaKeeper 1000 needs very littlehuman intervention and requires service calls only a fewtimes a year, if that. As such, agencies can save significantlyon labour costs compared to using conventional oceanographicmonitoring systems. The SeaKeeper 1000 is now deployed in more than 45locations worldwide, including on yachts, cruise ships, ferryboats, buoys and piers, and is endorsed by the United Nationsand the World Meteorological Organization (WMO). As thedeveloper of this innovative platform, the InternationalSeaKeepers Society recently decided to make its sensor-interface and overall architecture available pro bono. Byencouraging the ocean-monitoring community to use thefreely licenced SeaKeeper system, it hopes to make this kindof data collection less expensive, to expand the market fornew sensors, and to contribute to an enhanced global ocean-observation system. The SeaKeeper 1000 chest can be installedon any yacht and it costs US$75,000 to underwrite the system.Those who acquire the system in support of 4myplanet will seepart of their funds contributed to Alexia Barrier's project. Thecost is then US$10,000 annually to maintain and calibrate thesystem. Although this may seem a high investment, alldonations are fully tax-deductible in the US and countriessuch as Monaco, where SeaKeepers is registered as anon-profit organisation. For more information, visit www.seakeepers.orgProject KaiseiEvery year, over 260 million tons of plastic is produced, but itis believed that less than five per cent of it is recycled. In manycases, plastic waste that is not incinerated or put in landfillsmakes its way into the oceans. Currently, there are no proposedsolutions to resolve this issue as there is such a significantamount of waste over such a vast area of international waters,and multiple-government cooperation is required. The non-profit organisation Project Kaisei was thereforeestablished to increase awareness of the scale of marine debrisand its impact on our ocean environment. The association'smain focus is the North Pacific Gyre, nicknamed the PlasticVortex, which constitutes a large accumulation of debris in oneof the largest and most remote ecosystems on the planet. Kaiseimeans 'ocean planet' in Japanese, and is the name of the iconictall ship that was one of the two research vessels in the August2009 expedition used for sampling over 3,500 miles of thePacific Ocean. In the summer of 2010, Project Kaisei will launch its secondexpedition to the North Pacific Gyre, sending multiple vesselsto continue marine-debris research and, in particular, to testa variety of marine collection systems. Debris collected will beused for ongoing studies into the feasibility of converting thisto fuel or other useable materials.Project Kaisei was founded by ocean and conservationleaders Doug Woodring, George Orbelian and Mary Crowleyfrom the Ocean Voyages Institute, with the assistance of EdKosior, a renowned plastics expert who has been developinga new solution for treating ocean-based plastic waste and"SeaKeepers symbolizes the luxury yacht community's care and concern for the oceans. Yachts aren't the biggest users of the sea, but they are the most visible, and so we hope that those of us fortunate enough to enjoy the beauty of the sea from the decks of yachts can be the most visible supporters of efforts to resolve the challenges to its health "Jim Gilbert, Board President of SeaKeepers & Co-Founder of Showboats International

SPRING-SUMMER 2010I sea&iI73thinkgreenprocessing it into diesel fuel. The leaders of the project areexperienced ocean conservationists, film producers andentrepreneurs based between San Francisco, Hong Kong andLondon. The team also organises many events worldwide toincrease awareness of the project among the general public,particularly on World Environment Day on 5 June, and WorldOcean Day on 8 June. This year, its annual marine-debris beach-cleaning will take place worldwide on Sunday 6 June; everyoneis encouraged to take part. Project Kaisei is also currentlyseeking sponsors, participants and leaders in their respectiveindustries who can help to make a difference in reducingmarine debris. For further information, visit www.projectkaisei.org andwww.oceanvoyagesinstitute.orgOceanaOceana is an American-based organisation with branchesworldwide. It researches and produces reports on all oceanactivity, including the protection of reefs, destruction of marinehabitats and Arctic Sea ice destruction, and campaigns toprotect and improve the world's oceans. Its team comprisesmarine scientists, economists, lawyers and advocates wholobby for specific policy changes to reduce pollution andprevent irreversible collapse of fish populations, marinemammals and other sea life. The organisation has more than300,000 members worldwide, with many celebrity supporters. For information, visit www.oceana.orgChanging crew tacticsEfforts to improve the impact of yachts on the environment areever-increasing, but all too often these are focused solely onnew-build yachts, and often concentrate on the mechanical andworking parts of the yacht, rather than day-to-day practiseson board. Therefore, a new initiative is now seeking to assistyacht crew in making more informed choices about the productsthey use on board. Working together over the past year, SheilaGoddard from Earthly Supplies and Scott Bartle from YachtAuditing International have surveyed crews' use of more eco-friendly products. They found that most crew use certainproducts simply because the owner of the yacht prefers it, orbecause certain stocks are difficult to find when on the move,or, most usually, that they simply had not thought of changingto different brands. In light of this, Yacht Auditing Internationalhas devised an online Green Survey that rates yachts accordingto their crew's environmental awareness. Earthly Supplies,meanwhile, has come up with an 'awareness tutorial' that helpscrew assess what is eco-friendly. Goddard believes that it is essential to educate crew on theenvironment and product use. Bio-fuels, pollution and efficiencyare big issues that receive attention, but rarely are the volumeand type of chemicals used on board considered. Polluting wastecould be reduced by 90 per cent if the International Conventionfor the Prevention of Pollution from Ships (MARPOL)requirements were to be extended to chemical products. Fortunately, with the new MARPOL 2010 regulations, yachtswill now have to be vigilant when it comes to what they put intothe black and grey tanks. However, Goddard states: "Myconcern is that they [the crew] are doing it based on regulationsrather than because they are aware of the damage being doneto the marine environment. Instead, it should be well knownthat the amount of chemicals discharged via the grey tanks isa main polluter of the seas. The products are, in many cases,not only toxic but create havoc in the tanks; uncontrollablesmells being the main issue." Many engineers are nowhighlighting the issues to their stewardesses, so hopefullychange will be forthcoming.Gradually, awareness of alternative, effective and moreeco-friendly cleaning products is growing among the yachtcommunity, but the process remains slow. Crew training in thismatter is thus essential, and all yacht owners are encouragedto pursue the matter further. For information, visit www.earthlysupplies.com andwww.yachtauditing.com In conclusion.The above initiatives are just a few that sea&iwished to bringto light to underline the diversity of endeavours that can - andwill - help to preserve our oceans, provided everyone takespart. These projects support the ever-changing landscape ofyacht building that is currently seeing many eco-friendly yachtson the drawing boards of international yards and designers.The carbon-offsetting trend and programmes initiated by CNIwithin the yachting industry in 2005, and extended to theMonaco Yacht Show (www.monacoyachtshow.com), have alsomade an impact. Other efforts include large engineering companies, such asRolls Royce Marine (www.rollsroyce.com/marine), working ontechnological improvements to reduce toxic engine emissions,and new construction standards improving the wayenvironmental issues and sustainable development arehandled. There are also evermore pioneering techniquesinvolving solar power and other improved means of providingenergy. As such, the dream of a bright future with clean oceansis plausible, but it is one that all who enjoy the yachting lifestyleneed to embrace. n