" "BRAZIL ISSTRONGLY COMMITTED TO A GLOBAL, COMPREHENSIVE,AND AMBITIOUSAGREEMENT TOFIGHT CLIMATECHANGE, UNDERTHE AUSPICES OF THE UNITEDNATIONSG20 MEMBER COUNTRIES125Below: Dilma RousseffPhoto: UN Photo/Marco CastroAt this moment, it is not so important to know whocaused the situation we face - after all, that isalready sufficiently clear. Our focus must be onfinding collective, rapid, and real solutions. This crisis is too serious to be managed by a smallgroup of countries. Their governments and centralbanks continue to bear greater responsibility intaking the process forward. Yet as all countriessuffer the consequences, all of them have the rightto participate in the solutions. It is not for lack of resources that the leaders of thedeveloped countries have not yet found a solution tothe crisis. If you will allow me to say so, it is the lackof political resources and of clarity of ideas that are to blame. Part of the world has not yet found the balancebetween appropriate fiscal adjustments and properand precise fiscal stimuli to demand and growth.They are caught in the trap that does not distinguishbetween partisan interests and the legitimateinterests of society. The challenge posed by the crisis is that of replacingoutdated theories, originating in an old world, withnew formulations for a new world. While manygovernments shrink, unemployment - the bitterestface of the crisis - grows. There are already 205 million unemployed peoplein the world: 44 million in Europe and 14 million inthe United States. It is vital that we fight thisscourge and keep it from spreading to other regionsof the planet. We women know better than anyonethat unemployment is not just a statistic. It strikesat families, at our children, and at our husbands. Itsnatches away hope and leaves behind violenceand pain. HBrazil is strongly committed to a global,comprehensive, and ambitious agreement to fightclimate change, under the auspices of the UnitedNations. For this to come about, countries mustshoulder their respective responsibilities. We presented a concrete, voluntary, and significantemissions reduction proposal during theCopenhagen Summit in 2009. We hope to be able to make progress in the Durban meeting, supporting developing countries in their efforts to reduce emissions and ensuring that the developed countries will fulfil their obligations,with new targets under the Kyoto Protocol beyond 2012. We will have the honour of hosting the UnitedNations Conference on Sustainable Development -Rio + 20 - in June of 2012. Along with Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon, I reiterate the invitation to all Heads of State and Government to attend. HBrazil has found that the best development policy iscombating poverty and that a true human rightspolicy must be based on reducing inequalitiesbetween people, regions, and genders. Brazil has progressed politically, economically, andsocially without putting in jeopardy a single one of itsdemocratic liberties. We have met almost all of theMillennium Development Goals well before 2015.Almost 40 million Brazilian men and women haverisen out of poverty and joined the middle class. I am fully confident that by the end of mygovernment, we will achieve our goal of eradicatingextreme poverty in Brazil. In my country, womenhave been fundamental in overcoming socialinequalities. Mothers play a central role in ourincome distribution programmes. It is they whomanage the resources that allow families to invest inthe health and education of their children. Yet my country, like every country in the world, stillhas much work ahead when it comes to empoweringwomen. I congratulate Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon for making women a priority during his tenureat the head of the United Nations. I welcome inparticular the creation of UN-WOMEN and paytribute to its Executive-Director, Michelle Bachelet. I feel that here today, I represent all the women ofthe world. The nameless women, those who starveand cannot feed their children. Those who arewracked by illness and cannot receive treatment.Those who suffer violence and who arediscriminated in their jobs, their societies, and theirfamily life. Those who labour in the home to raisefuture generations. I add my voice to those of the women who dared tostruggle, who dared to participate in politics and inthe workforce, and who forged the political spacewithout which I could not stand here today. As a woman who was tortured in prison, I know howimportant the values of democracy, justice, humanrights, and liberty are. It is with the hope that these values continue toinspire the work of this House of Nations that I havethe honour to open the General Debate of the 66thUnited Nations General Assembly. nThe above remarks are excerpts from an opening addressby Dilma Rousseff, the President of Brazil, to the GeneralDebate of the 66th Session of the United Nations GeneralAssembly in New York, on 21 September 2011.
ith its development entering a newhistorical stage in the second decade of the 21st century, China is goingthrough an important period of strategic opportunities. Peace, development and co-operation remain the keytrends of our times. The international environment isgenerally conducive to China's pursuit of peacefuldevelopment. Numerous factors - continuousindustrialisation, urbanisation and agriculturalmodernisation, huge market potential, a relatively highsavings rate, better R&D capacity, better education, amore skilled labour force, deepening reform andoverall stability - have created enabling conditions andvast space for continued economic and socialdevelopment in China. On the other hand, we are stillfacing a pressing problem that China's development isnot yet balanced, co-ordinated and sustainable andthere are many institutional constraints hinderingscientific development. As the size of the Chineseeconomy grows, it will become difficult to keep high-speed growth over a long period of time. However, thenew developments, both internationally and in China,have not changed the fundamentals of China'sdevelopment. We have the right conditions, and wehave both the ability and confidence to maintainsteady and fairly fast growth of the economy and bringChina's economy to a new stage of development.Thecurrent 12th Five-year Plan period is a critical stage inChina's efforts to build a society of initial prosperity inall respects. Taking into full consideration the futuretrend and conditions as well as China's goals for 2020and responding to the need for changing the model ofgrowth at a faster pace, achieving scientificdevelopment and bringing the benefits of reform anddevelopment to all the people, we have set thefollowing goals and strategic tasks for these five years:China will continue to follow the strategy of expandingdomestic demand, with focus on improving thestructure of demand and increasing consumer demandto drive economic growth.Domestic demand is crucialand a necessary choice for a big country to achievesustainable economic growth. China has 20 per cent ofthe world's population. With its per capita GDPexceeding US$4,000, China has entered a key stagefor upgrading consumption structure. To upgradeconsumption and raise the quality of life for urban andrural population and strengthen weak links in economicand social development will generate enormousdomestic demand. We will endeavour to build a long-term mechanism for expanding consumer demand,create a favourable environment for consumption,improve consumer expectation, boost spending powerand upgrade consumption structure. We will expandconsumption in the course of advancing urbanisation,protecting and improving people's well-being andspeeding up the development of service industries. Weaim to make urbanisation grow by another fourpercentage points, and raise the share of the valueadded created by service industries in GDP by another4 percentage points, so that final demand will becomea major force driving China's economic growth.China will continue to develop education as a priority,bring about all-round human development, andpromote economic development on the basis ofimproving the quality of human capital.For a majordeveloping country like China, boosting education andimproving quality of human resources will driveeconomic development and make it more competitive.We will act quickly to achieve economic growth byincreasing the quality of human capital rather than byjust using more workers. This will enable us to catch upwith the progress in technology and change the modelof growth, and it holds the key for us to adapt toPROMOTING SOUND, SUSTAINABLE AND QUALITY DEVELOPMENT126G20 MEMBER COUNTRIESWEN JIABAO, PRIME MINISTER, THE PEOPLE'S REPUBLIC OF CHINAWPhoto: World Economic Forum (WEF)