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" "IT IS NOW CRUCIAL AT THISSTAGE THAT HUMANS EMBRACEA GREATER SENSE OF RESPONSIBILITY,BOTH IN THEIR ATTITUDE ANDTHEIR ACTIONSG20 MEMBER COUNTRIES137Left: Lee Myung-bakt was in the year 2008, when wecelebrated the 60th anniversary of thefounding of the Republic of Korea, that Iannounced green growth as a nationalvision. At that time, I could have never imagined thatgreen growth would be so successful and that it wouldspread globally within such a short period of time.Humankind has awaken to the realisation that we sharea common destiny, that we are now ardently seeking anew world. I believe that is why the green growth hasbeen rapidly disseminated over the world. As you know,the Earth was in existence for 4.5 billion years beforehumankind. If we refer to this time as 1.0 era, the timethat humans appeared on the Earth may be referred toas 2.0 era.(*Scientific American "Earth 3.0")The timein which humans created city civilisations andachieved industrial modernisation is in fact extremelyshort in the context of the history of the Earth. Withglobal development has come an increase inpopulation. And this in turn has lead to much greaterlevels of environmental pollution and degradation. TheEarth has been damaged and the effects on the planetare being felt ever more deeply.One major side-effect of this phenomenon is of coursethe impact of climate change. Droughts and floods, coldand heat waves, epidemics and natural disasters areoccurring all around the world -and they respect noborders. Should this pollution and destructive form ofdevelopment continue, then it will simply not bepossible for this human-centered 2.0 era on Earth tocontinue. It is clear then that humankind must searchfor other ways and exert every possible effort to find away for humankind and the Earth to both thrive and livein harmony. We need to usher in the 3.0 era in whichhuman civilisation and the environment can both live inharmony and thrive. In this regard I believe that thetheme of "Building a Planet-Responsible Civilisation" isindeed most timely. The fact is that in this intercon-nected world many of the problems which we encounterin our own countries are in fact global in nature. And thisin turn requires a response at the international level. It isnow crucial at this stage that humans embrace a greatersense of responsibility, both in their attitude and theiractions, they need to deepen their efforts.This is also the backdrop against which the Global GreenGrowth Institute (GGGI) was launched at this time lastyear. The expectation then was that the internationalcommunity, in its common efforts to tackle climatechange, may start to usher in new civilisation of greengrowth by developing technologies and industries withsignificant changes in life and culture. In the short spanof less than one year that expectation has become areality. A number of countries have already joined GGGIas donors and many outstanding dignitaries and thoughtleaders from around the globe have become its BoardMembers. I cannot thank you enough for the greatenthusiasm and unwavering support you have renderedfor this initiative which offers inspiration for a new worldfor all humankind. And yet, as we face the challenges ofclimate change, it is clear that there is still a lot of workto be done. In this regard, an important step was takenat the 16th Session of the Conference of the Parties tothe United Nations Framework Convention on ClimateChange held in Cancun, Mexico last year. Namely, wereached agreements on disseminating GreenTechnology and setting up the Green Fund. As clearlyunderlined in the Cancun Agreement, it is technologythat is key in the transition to a Low-Carbon GreenGrowth Economy. To render valuable support for this,there are plans to establish the Green Technology Centrewith the participation of the GGGI and the leadingresearch institutions at the domestic and internationallevels. The Green Technology Centre will establish a kindof system in this field and promote the fusion of energytechnology. The Centre will monitor research anddevelopment, create an international network andestablish a system for mutual assistance in advancedtechnology development.This will give concrete shape to technical co-operationfor developing countries, whilst also nurturing talent tolead the transitional period as well as promotinginternational exchanges. Furthermore, a Global GreenTechnology Award will be established and awarded toanyone who develops world-class green technology orcontributes to the spread of technology. Today'soccasion is an expanded and upgraded version of theEast Asia Climate Partnership conferences for the lasttwo years. Korea has committed US$200 million forthis partnership programme and focused on the fiveareas of clean energy, water management, forestation, waste management and high efficiency powergeneration. The developing countries within the region,benefitting from these grants, have been witnessingsome good results.Having joined the OECDDevelopment Assistance Committee last year, Koreahas set out to legislate a Framework Act onInternational Development Cooperation and Long-Term ODA. Especially with the spirit of partnership Iwould like to take this opportunity to announce thatKorea will continue to expand "Green ODAs" by way offacilitating green growth in developing countries.The magnitude of the problems that the world is facingno doubt overshadows each and every individualmember within it. Yet, if we are to combine our effortsand become united as one, we can indeed make adifference no matter how insignificant we are asindividuals. Only then can the foundation be laid for a"Planet-Responsible Civilisation". Your presence heretoday is a stark testimony to our relentless commonendeavours to that end. It is my sincere hope that thisGlobal Green Growth Summit will indeed serve to uniteus in our efforts and lead us towards an ever brighterfuture as one community. nThis is an edited version of President Lee Myung-bak'sopening remarks at the Global Green Growth Summit in Seoul,Korea, on 20 June 2011. I

" "EQUALLY IMPORTANT IS THENEED TO DEVELOPAND SPREAD THEUSE OF GREENTECHNOLOGY THAT THE WHOLEWORLD IS WORKING ON NOW, AND ONWHICH OUR PEOPLE'S HEALTHAND WELLBEINGARE DIRECTLY DEPENDENTt the 25th meeting of the Commission for Modernisation and TechnologicalDevelopment of Russia's Economy, the environment was made a top priorityby President Dmitry Medvedev. His plan includedestablishing a space-based environmental monitoringsystem, developing alternative energy sources andimproving safety systems in nuclear power stations.Not long ago, at the State Council Presidium meetingin Dzerzhinsk we discussed the environmentalproblems that had built up, and the need to addressthem on an ongoing and systematic basis. I issued anumber of instructions following that meeting, some ofwhich are already being carried out now. The draft lawon establishing an environmental monitoring system,for example, has been passed in the first reading now,and the draft law on protecting the seas from oilpollution has been submitted to the State Duma. These legislative efforts have to be completed withoutdelay and in full. Equally important is the need todevelop and spread the use of green technology thatthe whole world is working on now, and on which ourpeople's health and wellbeing are directly dependent.As far as environmental demands are concerned, we have a long way to go yet in changing people'sthinking. Business should not see these demands assomething exotic, or as some kind of "public duty" thatthey carry out only to please the authorities or not rubthe environmentalists the wrong way. To the contrary,these demands are a sure way of making Russian-madegoods more competitive on global markets. Most countries are now working in this direction, theirleaders having long since realised that innovativeproducts must be not just attractive, interesting,ergonomic and cheap, but also environmentally friendly.We, therefore, should look at how to encourage thiskind of activity. In particular, we should look atpossibilities for taxing the creation of environmentallyharmful waste, and using the money raised to supportclean technology and the development of wastecollection and treatment systems. The Government and the regional authorities mustencourage the spread of this kind of technology, and allgoods and services purchased through the publicprocurement programmes must comply with theinternational environmental standards. I will listseveral promising projects that we should concentrateour attention on over the coming months.The first one is the project to establish a space-basedenvironmental monitoring system. Satellites make itpossible not just to receive constantly updatedinformation on the environmental situation, but alsoto track the movements of environmentally dangerouscargo, monitor forests - especially important duringthe summer months - monitor the state of glaciersand monitor the operation of nuclear power stations. Operating satellite systems of these sorts costs quitea lot of money though, and so we have to put in placethe legal and organisational conditions making itpossible to finance this work not just through stateinvestment, as we have been doing over these lastyears, but also attract private investment through themeans of public-private partnerships, also inenvironmental monitoring. Satellites make it possible to see a lot from space,practically anything really, including our big facilitiesand even our waste gas flares. I know that there hasbeen some progress on the gas flare issue, but this isnot enough, and we need to look at what more we canGREENING UP THEECONOMY138G20 MEMBER COUNTRIESDMITRY MEDVEDEV, PRESIDENT, THE RUSSIAN FEDERATIONAPhoto: The Presidential Press and Information Office