page 1
page 2
page 3
page 4
page 5
page 6
page 7
page 8
page 9
page 10
page 11
page 12
page 13
page 14
page 15
page 16
page 17
page 18
page 19
page 20
page 21
page 22
page 23
page 24
page 25
page 26
page 27
page 28
page 29
page 30
page 31
page 32
page 33
page 34
page 35
page 36
page 37
page 38
page 39
page 40
page 41
page 42
page 43
page 44
page 45
page 46
page 47
page 48
page 49
page 50
page 51
page 52
page 53
page 54
page 55
page 56
page 57
page 58
page 59
page 60
page 61
page 62
page 63
page 64
page 65
page 66
page 67
page 68
page 69
page 70
page 71
page 72
page 73
page 74
page 75
page 76
page 77
page 78
page 79
page 80
page 81
page 82
page 83
page 84
page 85
page 86
page 87
page 88
page 89
page 90
page 91
page 92
page 93
page 94
page 95
page 96
page 97
page 98
page 99
page 100
page 101
page 102
page 103
page 104
page 105
page 106
page 107
page 108
page 109
page 110
page 111
page 112
page 113
page 114
page 115
page 116
page 117
page 118
page 119
page 120
page 121
page 122
page 123
page 124
page 125
page 126
page 127
page 128
page 129
page 130
page 131
page 132
page 133
page 134
page 135
page 136
page 137
page 138
page 139
page 140
page 141
page 142
page 143
page 144
page 145
page 146
page 147
page 148
page 149
page 150
page 151
page 152
page 153
page 154
page 155
page 156
page 157
page 158

o preserve and renew is almost as nobleas to create." This statement by Voltaire(1694-1778) sits at the heart of InfinergyPower's hybrid renewable energy solutionfor power generation.In developing a 60 per cent electrically efficient powerplant, we are helping topreserveour dwindling fossil-fuel reserve. To blend in renewable fuels seamlesslyinto the hybrid system, we utilise homegrownresources and local renewable markets. To createafurther 40+ per cent efficiency in the fuel blend by co-firing an emulsified aqueous stream, with no loss ofpower generation, we are able to fulfill Voltaire'sforward thinking view. Equally, and of no lessimportance, Infinergy Power's electricity generatingsolution answers the questions raised today of bothextracting more electricity from existing plants and theability to simply and at low-cost create new plants. Ithelps to satisfy the expected short- and long-termelectrical growth requirements of the world withoutincreasing greenhouse emissions. It is felt that this willin turn greatly increase the option of providing thepower source for electrical cars and other vehicles.Infinergy Poweruses a combination of three initiativesthat, together, reduce the total reliance on purelycarbon-based fuels to double electrical outputefficiency from the same volume of hydrocarbon used;therefore halving CO2 emissions. Separately:n A highly efficient electricity generating plant,running at 60 per cent electrical efficiency;n A scientific breakthrough in fuel production togive a 40 per cent reduction in hydrocarbon fuelfeedstock, either fossil, renewable or acombination of both;n The ability to use the most cost effective fuel mix,solid, liquid or gas, renewable or fossil in anypercentage, supply dependant;n A vastly more efficient heat transfer cycle;n Predictable and scalable supply of electricity, ondemand;n Low cost of capex per megawatt and simplicity ofdesign.TECHNOLOGY DESCRIPTIONThe system comprises of a controller, a multi-fuelprocessor (liquid/solid/gas), a plurality of heat recoveryand heat exchange modules, a piston steam engineand steam pressure generator. The system recoversheat from waste fluids and gases, improves thecombustion of hydrocarbon fuels and improves theheat through the heat exchange. The combustion andflue heat recovery modules consist of a plurality of heatpipes, a steam manifold, a flue gas manifold and awater storage section. The heat pipe carries theevaporable working fluid and a wick for promotingcapillary pressure differences. In this manner, heat isrecovered from the combustion and flue gases throughthe repeated process of evaporating and condensingthe working fluid. The flue gas manifold is separatedfrom the steam manifold by a plate to form a water-tight seal. The heat pipes extend through the plate withone end exposed within the flue gas manifold and theother end exposed in the steam manifold. In use, hotflue gases are passed around one end of the heat pipeof the flue gas manifold, from which heat is extractedand transferred to the water manifold. The heat in thewaste gases is recovered and stored as heated water inthe storage section. In the case whereby the heatrecovery unit is producing steam, the "water storage"section is configured as a pressure vessel and at a pre-set pressure point discharges into one of two pre-sizedsteam accumulators. The design caters for two steamAPIONEERING SOLUTIONTOENHANCEENERGY SUPPLIES054INNOVATION TECHNOLOGYMIKE TAYLOR, MANAGING DIRECTOR, INFINERGY POWER LTDT

INNOVATION TECHNOLOGY055Right: Mike TaylorBelow (top):Testing thediesel hydro-blend on aScania CF85Below (bottom):Steampiston engine utilisingthe pressure generatorgenerators and two accumulators, giving both primeand waste heat steam production. The steam enginegives considerable energy benefit in the negation ofhaving to condense the exhaust steam back to liquidfor re-use, therefore retaining the latent heat value ofcirca 900 btu/lb of water prior to full operational steamre-heat. Fuel can be virtually any hydrocarbon;therefore supply chain is not limited; the cheapestsustainable source can be utilised. The use of 40 percent less fuel and 50 per cent more electricalproduction than current power plants make it greenerand more sustainable, co-firing with any percentage offossil, renewable or waste hydrocarbon source. Thecomplete system delivers a circa 90 percent energyconversion ratio. The system can, therefore, replaceany static gen-set or power plant, using 50 per centless fuel to generate the same amount of electricity.This means that renewable fuels can be used moreefficiently, increasing the balance shift towards a low-carbon economy. As environment engineers and fuelspecialists, we have been driven to provide commercialsolutions to the global energy problem since the Kyotoagreement. We have, through innovation, madegroundbreaking scientific solutions to the areas oflimited supply of renewable fuels (making them workharder, burn leaner) and ultimately the efficientconversion to electricity.GAME-CHANGING BENEFITSIn relation to power generation:n The power plant has 60 per cent electricalefficiency - 50 per cent more than a conventionalpower plant;n Uses 40 per cent less hydrocarbon fuel, inaddition to its increased efficiency;n Has simplicity of design, utilising ease of usetechnology.In relation to fuel:The hydro-blended hydrocarbon gives:n Reduction in CO2 by a minimum of 40 per centusing a fossil fuel;n Further reduction in CO2 as renewablepercentages of the hydro-blend are increased;n Lean burn, as the hydro-blend is oxygenated;n Reduction of soot emissions by 40-60 per cent,fuel dependant.The shortage of electrical power is felt not only in thedeveloped world but also intensely in the developingworld. Equally, the developing world is caughtbetween the twin pressures of minimising harmfulemissions and satisfying their populations growingdemand for power to enable poverty reduction andemployment growth in a low-skill environment. Thesynergistic approach offered by Infinergy Power'ssolution will enable existing coal fired power plants toreduce the quantity of fossil fuels burnt, thus reducingemissions whilst also enabling the construction at alower capex cost per megawatt of new plants. As adirect result of the importance of the technology shiftinitiated by Infinergy Power's methodology, we haveopened discussions with South African partners toparticipate in the construction of a pilot plant to takethe proven emulsified blended fuel componentcapability into a commercialisation process. It isintended that this will then lead to a licensedmanufacturing capability in South Africa, directlyinfluencing energy supplies in the developing world.Infinergy has been short-listed for the 6thInternational Green Awards 2011, in the category of"Best Green Technology". nABOUT THE AUTHORMike Taylor is Managing Director at Infinergy PowerLtd. An entrepreneur in the field of renewable energyand specialist fuel production, Mr Taylor is workingwith emulsion technology and nano-bubbletechnology, developing fuels and processes fortransport and industry. He also owns a nationwidefuel recycling business, Refuels Ltd. Mike Taylor canbe contacted on: orinfo@infinergy.euACKNOWLEDGEMENTThis article has been reviewed by Steve Mongan,Director at Infinergy Power Ltd. Mr Mongan is aninnovator in the applied physics of energythermodynamics and heat transfer. He has developedand patented new boiler heat exchange and steamgeneration systems, with specialistion in renewablefuel applications. Mr Mongan has been presented withinvitations to select committees of The House of Lordsand the United Nations' "Bio-Electricity".