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INNOVATION TECHNOLOGY055Right: Mike TaylorBelow (top):Testing thediesel hydro-blend on aScania CF85Below (bottom):Steampiston engine utilisingthe pressure generatorgenerators and two accumulators, giving both primeand waste heat steam production. The steam enginegives considerable energy benefit in the negation ofhaving to condense the exhaust steam back to liquidfor re-use, therefore retaining the latent heat value ofcirca 900 btu/lb of water prior to full operational steamre-heat. Fuel can be virtually any hydrocarbon;therefore supply chain is not limited; the cheapestsustainable source can be utilised. The use of 40 percent less fuel and 50 per cent more electricalproduction than current power plants make it greenerand more sustainable, co-firing with any percentage offossil, renewable or waste hydrocarbon source. Thecomplete system delivers a circa 90 percent energyconversion ratio. The system can, therefore, replaceany static gen-set or power plant, using 50 per centless fuel to generate the same amount of electricity.This means that renewable fuels can be used moreefficiently, increasing the balance shift towards a low-carbon economy. As environment engineers and fuelspecialists, we have been driven to provide commercialsolutions to the global energy problem since the Kyotoagreement. We have, through innovation, madegroundbreaking scientific solutions to the areas oflimited supply of renewable fuels (making them workharder, burn leaner) and ultimately the efficientconversion to electricity.GAME-CHANGING BENEFITSIn relation to power generation:n The power plant has 60 per cent electricalefficiency - 50 per cent more than a conventionalpower plant;n Uses 40 per cent less hydrocarbon fuel, inaddition to its increased efficiency;n Has simplicity of design, utilising ease of usetechnology.In relation to fuel:The hydro-blended hydrocarbon gives:n Reduction in CO2 by a minimum of 40 per centusing a fossil fuel;n Further reduction in CO2 as renewablepercentages of the hydro-blend are increased;n Lean burn, as the hydro-blend is oxygenated;n Reduction of soot emissions by 40-60 per cent,fuel dependant.The shortage of electrical power is felt not only in thedeveloped world but also intensely in the developingworld. Equally, the developing world is caughtbetween the twin pressures of minimising harmfulemissions and satisfying their populations growingdemand for power to enable poverty reduction andemployment growth in a low-skill environment. Thesynergistic approach offered by Infinergy Power'ssolution will enable existing coal fired power plants toreduce the quantity of fossil fuels burnt, thus reducingemissions whilst also enabling the construction at alower capex cost per megawatt of new plants. As adirect result of the importance of the technology shiftinitiated by Infinergy Power's methodology, we haveopened discussions with South African partners toparticipate in the construction of a pilot plant to takethe proven emulsified blended fuel componentcapability into a commercialisation process. It isintended that this will then lead to a licensedmanufacturing capability in South Africa, directlyinfluencing energy supplies in the developing world.Infinergy has been short-listed for the 6thInternational Green Awards 2011, in the category of"Best Green Technology". nABOUT THE AUTHORMike Taylor is Managing Director at Infinergy PowerLtd. An entrepreneur in the field of renewable energyand specialist fuel production, Mr Taylor is workingwith emulsion technology and nano-bubbletechnology, developing fuels and processes fortransport and industry. He also owns a nationwidefuel recycling business, Refuels Ltd. Mike Taylor canbe contacted on: orinfo@infinergy.euACKNOWLEDGEMENTThis article has been reviewed by Steve Mongan,Director at Infinergy Power Ltd. Mr Mongan is aninnovator in the applied physics of energythermodynamics and heat transfer. He has developedand patented new boiler heat exchange and steamgeneration systems, with specialistion in renewablefuel applications. Mr Mongan has been presented withinvitations to select committees of The House of Lordsand the United Nations' "Bio-Electricity".

s concerns mount over the lack of a globalclimate agreement, there is a wave ofinterest in renewable energy sources. Wefirmly believe that wind energy will playan integral part in addressing the energy and climatechallenges the world faces.As the UNFCCC and the world's leaders meet in Durbanto discuss climate action, at DNV we fully support thegoal of sustainable, low-carbon growth, and are workingclosely with our customers and other stakeholders toachieve this. Despite the backdrop of no legally-binding globalagreement at a time of austerity, more and morecompanies are recognising that they can gain acompetitive advantage by investing in low-carbontechnology and business opportunities. The opportunity is global and that is why DNV is workinginternationally to help them fulfil their climate changeambitions. I firmly believe that the need for renewable energy willgrow as governments and societies react to climatechange, providing great opportunities for investment. Inmany cases, investments in cleaner energy sources aremore expensive than fossil fuels, but they will becomemore valuable as concerns about oil depletion, politicalturmoil and CO2 emissions increase. As renewable energy is mostly locally sourced, it is alsoattractive from a security of supply standpoint,becoming politically critical for nation states that areoverly dependent on others for traditional supplies of oiland gas. Almost 50 per cent of the US$20 trillionexpected to be invested in energy developments by2030 will be invested in renewable energy and powergeneration and transmission. EMPOWERING WIND Wind energy has the potential to increase ten-fold,becoming second only to hydropower in the renewablesector. It is becoming global, and it is increasinglymoving offshore. According to a study by the GlobalWind Energy Council and Greenpeace International,wind power may supply enough energy to cover onefifth of the world's global power demand by 2030.Deepening our involvement in the rapidly-expandingoffshore wind sector is a key priority for us. We workedon the very first offshore wind turbine 25 years ago andhave today certified more than two thirds of the world'soffshore wind farms, making us a major player withinrisk management and advisory services for thisindustry. Also, we are one of the top three players in theworld and the largest in North America when itconcerns onshore wind. We are committed to drive the industry forwardthrough development of new standards,specifications, guidelines and cutting edgeknowledge, often together with the key industryplayers. As an example, DNV and key industry playershave commenced the development of a commondesign standard for floating wind turbine technology.DNV's knowledge and experience is also utilised tooptimise technology and investment returns. Weregularly provide due diligence services forinvestments and acquisitions in wind projects. Our belief in the wind energy sector is also fuelled bythe fact that a European energy policy has beendeveloped based on the three pillars:competitiveness, sustainability and security of supply.The so-called 20/20/20 targets for 2020 have beenset - 20 per cent of energy should come fromMAKING A DIFFERENCE056INNOVATION TECHNOLOGYDR HENRIK O. MADSEN, CEO OF DET NORSKE VERITAS (DNV) A" "DNV IS COMMITTED TOSUPPORTING THE UN SUSTAINABLE ENERGY FOR ALLINITIATIVE AND IS WELL POSITIONED TOBUILD TRUST AND CONFIDENCEIN MANAGINGTECHNOLOGYTRANSFER RISKS