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INNOVATION TECHNOLOGY063Above: Paul Sanders is Managing Director, HoneywellFluorine Productslight vehicles expected to be built per year by 2019,this product is destined to become a significantcontributor to global climate protection.SHARING THE BENEFITS OFTECHNOLOGYAutomotive is just one of the industries experiencingthe benefits of Honeywell innovation. Supermarkets,for example, are under intense scrutiny to improveenvironmental impact and sustainability. Honeywell has responded by developing a new refrigerant blend -Genetron®PerformaxTMLT - which is deliveringoutstanding results across key metrics linked to energy efficiency, carbon footprint reduction andrunning costs.In a recent field test - completed with one of theforemost supermarket chains in the UK - the newrefrigerant was assessed against the commonly-usedR-404A and R-407A. Genetron Performax LTdelivered impressive results: up to 15 per cent savingsin system energy bills, up to 40 per cent reduction insystem CO2 emissions and up to 10 per centimprovements in system running costs.GLOBAL INDUSTRIESMeanwhile, in the construction sector, Honeywell'sSolstice Gas Blowing Agent will be a good andenvironmentally friendly blowing agent for one-component foam, which is used to fill gaps around doorsand windows - reducing air leakage and energy usage. Solstice Gas Blowing Agent is also an improvedpropellant in aerosol applications that includecleaners, warning systems, marine navigation andnovelties, meeting European F-gas regulations, whichlimit the use of certain fluorinated gases. It can also beused in dusters and defluxing products for electronics,in tire inflators, topical anaesthetics and degreasers. What makes this material so valuable is its GWP of justsix, which is 96 per cent below the European GWPregulated threshold of 150 for certain aerosolapplications. Recently, Honeywell launched a newSolstice Liquid Blowing Agent. With a GWP of 7, itswidespread adoption could save about 60 millionmetric tonnes per year of CO2 equivalent, comparableto eliminating carbon dioxide emissions from morethan 11.8 million cars every year. The energy efficiency benefits of Solstice LiquidBlowing Agent, combined with its low GWP and safetyin use, make it the right choice as a replacement forHCFC-141b for use as a foam insulation blowing agentand can improve the energy performance of foamsmade with less energy efficient hydrocarbons.In addition, Honeywell have commercialised SolsticeGas Blowing Agent for use as a non-flammable lowGWP energy efficient blowing agent for ExtrudedPolystyrene insulation boards, enabling a significantimprovement on thermal performance versus commonalternatives such as CO2 or Hydrocarbons and can beused to replace HCFC-142b and HCFC-22 still used inthis industry in the developing world.In the energy arena, Honeywell innovation is helpingcompanies and organisations implement OrganicRankine Cycle (ORC) systems as a means both ofimproving productivity and reducing their CO2footprint. ORC systems help convert low temperatureheat to energy by generating electricity from renewableand waste heat sources, offsetting grid consumptionand reducing CO2. These are just a few examples of how the power ofhuman innovation at Honeywell is deliveringtechnologies that can improve energy efficiency,reduce greenhouse gases and enhance the way welive. By working together, we can achieve the sharedgoals of economic success, tread more lightly on theplanet and create a sustainable future for all thepeoples of the world. nABOUT THE AUTHORPaul Sanders joined Honeywell in 2006 as MarketingManager for Foam and Specialties business inEurope, Middle East and Africa and India. In 2009,Mr Sanders was named Managing Director forHoneywell Fluorines Products Europe, Middle East,Africa and India. He is, therefore, responsible for allcommercial activities in refrigerants, foams andaerosols businesses.

n the 21st century, climate change andenvironmental sustainability are two ofthe key challenges facing our globalcommunity. Clear scientific evidence,extreme weather events and increased publicawareness have elevated climate change to the top ofthe political agenda, both at the global and nationallevel. Indeed, most countries today have alreadyincorporated climate change into their nationaldevelopment strategies, highlighting the need to tacklethe causes behind climate change and to identify andimplement measures to adapt to its effects. One of our most important roles at ITU, the UNspecialised agency dedicated to bringing the socialand economic benefits of information andcommunication technologies (ICTs) to all the world'speople, is to ensure that the power of ICTs are bestleveraged to address key global issues - including, ofcourse, climate change, and over the past few years wehave made considerable progress in this regard. GREENING THE ICT SECTORWhile ICTs do themselves contribute greenhouse gas(GHG) emissions - currently around 2.5 per cent ofglobal GHGs - they are also directly instrumental inhelping reduce the carbon footprint of all other sectors,and particularly those that most contribute to climatechange. We therefore need to ensure that we work bothto keep the ICT sector as "green" as possible, and tocontinue to spread the benefits of ICTs across othersectors. In the first case, this means measuring andmonitoring the emissions produced by ICTsthemselves, using a standardised methodology.Producing such a methodology, which will define a"level playing field" to help green the ICT sector, hasbeen a recent focus area for ITU, and I am pleased tosee that the ICT industry is already committed to thiseffort, and that the private sector has been activelyinvolved in the development of the ITU methodology.In the near future, it will be possible to compare, on anagreed and transparent basis, among sources of ICT-related emissions across the globe, and to identify theeffectiveness of actions undertaken to improve theenvironmental performance of the ICT sector. CUTTING THE EMISSIONS FROMOTHER SECTORS Looking to other sectors, it is clear that ICTs are uniquein having a net positive environmental impact on othersectors and areas of activity, such as transportation,manufacturing or electricity. To give just one example,advanced broadband networks allow individuals andcompanies to cut down on travel and use videoconferencing instead. Similarly, the digitalisation ofcontent helps to reduce the consumption of material,such as paper, replacing "atoms" with "bits". Forexample, streaming or downloading a movie eliminatesthe need to manufacture a physical copy, reducing theenvironmental impact of the entertainment sector.According to the G20 ICT Sustainability Index,released in December 2009 by the International DataCorporation (IDC), of the world's CO2 emissions, 5.8gigatonnes could be eliminated by 2020 "through thefocused use of ICT-based solutions". Savings such asthis will be greatly boosted when the power of newgeneration broadband networks, with much faster andbetter connectivity, comes into play.A significant part of these savings will be caused by theuse of "smart grids", a broad concept that includesembedding ICT devices into electricity networks,THEROLEOF ICTsINENABLING A LOW-CARBONFUTUREINFORMATION & COMMUNICATION 064TECHNOLOGYDR HAMADOUN TOURÉ, SECRETARY-GENERAL, INTERNATIONAL TELECOMMUNICATION UNION (ITU)I