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INFORMATION & COMMUNICATION TECHNOLOGY069to meet a number of criteria and targets. Measurementand reporting of environmental impacts will benecessary using the Green ICT Maturity Assessmentmodel, which will provide a common framework toshow progress across the whole of Government. Themodel will be used to report improvement on managingICT services, technology and change and theexploitation of ICT.Government departments will also be required to reporton operational ICT energy consumption, apply theEuropean Union Code of Conduct for Data Centresacross all new data centres by April 2015 and adopt theGreen ICT Standards Charter which will be produced byGovernment by April 2013. Government departmentswill also be encouraged to publish inter-departmentalenergy reduction league tables to foster transparencyand to encourage those departments that are laggingbehind the rest to improve their green efforts. The practical day-to-day implications of the strategy willbe significant. Government departments will need toproduce a detailed asset register of all ICT so that it canbe determined which infrastructure, technologies andapplications are surplus, redundant and/or can be re-used/recycled. Departments will also be expected toextend the life of existing ICT technologies for as long aspossible. For instance, a PC getting to the end of its lifecould be re-configured for use as a thin client device.Shared services is a key area of the strategy, requiringGovernment departments to look at ways to share andconsolidate ICT. For instance, can data centres beshared? Can a number of Government departmentsuse the same finance and human resources systems?There will be an expectation on Governmentdepartments to work collaboratively and share ICTinfrastructure and technologies.Government departments should also be prepared tolook at cloud computing as an alternative ICT deliverymethod. Hosting IT in the cloud, which provides IT ondemand over the internet, means that a number oforganisations' applications can be hosted by just onedata centre (managed by a third party cloud provider).The on demand nature of cloud computing alsoensures that IT is accessed as and when it is needed,providing an efficient use of resources.The strategy recognises that behavioural changes ofGovernment staff will be necessary to ensure success.For instance, collaborative procurement across thepublic sector will be encouraged and staff need to bemotivated to turn off equipment when they leave theoffice, print less and arrange teleconferences insteadof face to face meetings. Government departmentsneed to be prepared to actively engage staffand to develop initiatives so that staffare motivated to behave in asustainable manner and arerewarded for their greenefforts. Government departments will also be requiredto invest in ICT that reduces unnecessary businesstravel such as audio and video conferencing facilitiesand mobile technologies, and which promotespaperless working as well as improved collaboration,ultimately bringing about smarter and moresustainable working. Therefore, the requirements ofGovernment departments and the targets laid out inthe strategy document are significant and demanding.Departments will need to think smartly, sustainablyand collaboratively in order to ensure strategy success. THE IMPACT OF THE STRATEGY ON ICTSUPPLIERS - CO-OPERATION ANDOPPORTUNITYOf course, the Government alone cannot deliver asuccessful strategy. ICT suppliers also need to buy-in tothe strategy and to be engaged with the Government'sgreen ICT vision to become as energy efficient aspossible and for the targets to be realised. ICT suppliersare impacted in a number of ways by the strategy and itis encouraging to see an open dialogue between theGovernment, suppliers and UK technology groups tobring about change collaboratively. Government will be working with suppliers, technologygroups and other stakeholders to produce aResponsible Supplier Code of Practice by April 2013" "GOVERNMENTDEPARTMENTSWILL BE ENCOURAGED TO PUBLISH INTER-DEPARTMENTALENERGY REDUCTIONLEAGUE TABLES TO FOSTER TRANSPARENCY

which Government ICT suppliers will be auditedagainst. This will oblige ICT providers to comply withsupply chain environmental standards and to provideGovernment with regular sustainability reports inrelation to their supply chains. These reports will include supply chain energy costs,ICT disposal and approaches to service delivery, therebycreating greater transparency around the whole lifecycle costs of ICT and its impacts. ICT suppliers will alsobe encouraged by the Government's intention to makeitself a less complex customer for ICT providers, therebyenabling a fairer and more competitive market forpotential suppliers.A key aspect of the ICT strategy is its support of thegreen credentials of cloud computing, providingsuppliers of cloud services with a huge opportunity. Anumber of Government departments have alreadymoved across to a cloud ICT platform and once theGreening Government ICT Strategy and the publicsector cuts take hold, the demand from Governmentfor cloud computing is expected to increase further. However, with the Government's adoption of the EUCode of Conduct for Data Centres, which is a positivestep forward bearing in mind the significant energyand cooling requirements of data centres, managedservice/cloud computing providers will need tocomply with this Code if they are to serviceGovernment departments.In addition, ICT suppliers should be encouraged bythe strategy's recommendations for the adoption ofgreen technologies. It highlights the importance ofintroducing green technologies into governmentdepartments including those that can enable mobileworking, paperless operations and improvedcollaboration. There are a number of technologiesalready in existence which can assist here such aselectronic document management, workflow softwareand collaborative budgeting and forecasting software,delivering significant opportunities for providers ofthese solutions. Public sector organisations that are using thesetechnologies are already experiencing a range ofenvironmental and efficiency benefits. For example,Cornwall College which is now circulating 100,000documents electronically using Version One'sdocument imaging software together with AdvancedBusiness Solutions' workflow software. Thesesolutions will prove key to the College's goal ofbecoming as paperless as possible.POTENTIAL CONCERNS FOR ICTPROVIDERSThere is no denying that the Greening GovernmentICT Strategy is a positive step. However, there are afew concerns that need addressing by Government.The strategy recommends that departments shouldextend the use of technologies for as long as possibleand re-use/re-furbish devices where possible. Environmentally speaking this is a positive step,however extending the life of technologies couldresult in Government falling behind in its deploymentof new, innovative and perhaps greener solutions.Extending the life of technologies must therefore beconsidered in context. Importantly, the strategy needs to remember what ICTis delivering and not lose sight of this when the impactof ICT is being measured. For example, theintroduction of a video conferencing facility mightincrease a department's energy use, however it willalso be reducing car, train and plane journeys therebyenabling a significant departmental-wide reduction incarbon emissions. Finally, the introduction of the ICT strategy and theresulting outcomes and targets cannot be just anotherset of rules and regulations that Government and theICT industry will need to comply with. The ICT strategyneeds to replace existing departmental charters toavoid confusion and endless red tape.THE FAR-REACHING IMPACT OF THESTRATEGYGovernment departments and suppliers of ICT toGovernment are directly impacted by the GreeningGovernment ICT Strategy, however as Government issuch a significant driver of change, the strategy islikely to have a ripple effect throughout the UKeconomy. All Government supply chains will beimpacted by the strategy and it will not be longbefore all UK businesses will be expected to operatesustainably and report on their green agendas.GREEN CONSIDERATIONS BEYOND ICT The question also remains as to what comes next oncethe ICT strategy has been introduced. ICT cannot besingled out as the only industry responsible forgreenhouse gas emissions. Although the ICT strategyis welcomed, it needs to form part of a much widercarbon reduction strategy by Government. For example, it would make sense for the ICT strategyto be closely aligned with a greening governmenttransport strategy in addition to a greening governmentfacilities strategy which is briefly mentioned in thestrategy document. Unless these strategies align andare explicitly cross-referenced, achieving the targeted25 per cent reduction in greenhouse gas emissions by2015 could prove problematic.INFORMATION & COMMUNICATION 070TECHNOLOGY" "A KEY ASPECT OF THE ICT STRATEGY IS ITS SUPPORT OFTHE GREEN CREDENTIALS OF CLOUD COMPUTING, PROVIDING SUPPLIERS OFCLOUD SERVICESWITH A HUGE OPPORTUNITY