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Canada recently announced that we are increasing ourcontribution to the Global Environment Facility andover 50 per cent of this will be spent helpingdeveloping countries in their efforts to address climatechange through both mitigation and adaptation. Canada will deliver its share of these commitments,and in particular will continue to invest in research,development and demonstration of transformationalclean energy technologies, such as carbon capture andstorage, with a view to accelerating the globaldeployment of such technologies. On the home front, Canada continues to take domesticaction on climate change. We support an approach toclimate change that achieves real environmental andeconomic benefits for all Canadians.Canada has consistently emphasised the importanceof harmonising our approach to climate change withthat of the United States as a means of maximisingprogress on reducing greenhouse gas emissions whilemaintaining economic competitiveness and prosperity. As part of this approach, Canada has released proposed Passenger Automobileand Light Truck Greenhouse Gas Emission Regulationsas part of our continual commitment to reducinggreenhouse gas emissions. I believe that any significant strategy to addressgreenhouse gases and pollution must take seriousaction to address on-road emissions, and that isexactly what we are doing.These tough new regulations align with the mandatorynational standards of the United States, beginningwith the 2011 model year, and will provide certainty tothe industry while ensuring significant technologicalimprovements to vehicles in the future to reduceemissions. We are also committed to reducinggreenhouse gas emissions from heavy-duty vehicles.We are supporting our domestic climate change G8 MEMBER COUNTRIES015Above:Muskoka, wherethe 2010 G8 Summit willbe held, is one ofCanada's mostpicturesque regionsLeft: Jim Prentice (left)and Canadian PrimeMinister Stephen Harperat the UN ClimateChange Conference inCopenhagen lastDecemberefforts through Canada's Economic Action Plan, ourgovernment's plan to take Canada through the globaleconomic crisis and secure our economic future. ThePlan invests billions of dollars through the GreenInfrastructure Fund and the Clean Energy Fund insupport of green energy generation and clean energyresearch, development and demonstration projects,including carbon capture and storage. Canada has also provided new investments to supporta cleaner, more sustainable environment to reinforceour strategy of transforming Canada into the world'sleading source of reliable, responsible energy. Canada is proud to already have one of the cleanestelectricity systems in the world, with three-quarters ofour electricity supply emitting no greenhouse gases.Now we are actively building on this to fulfill ourpotential as a world leader in clean energy generationand a clean energy super power.Canada has also been working with the United Statesthrough the Clean Energy Dialogue, and is an activeparticipant at the North American Leaders' Summit. The Clean Energy Dialogue has led to enhancedcollaboration on the development of clean energyscience and technology to reduce greenhouse gasesand combat climate change, including building a moreefficient electricity grid based on clean and renewableenergy and the development and deployment of cleanenergy technologies.Building on the momentum of last year's climateconference in Copenhagen and the CopenhagenAccord, Canada continues to focus on thedevelopment of a fair and effective internationalclimate change agreement which includescommitments from all major economies that balances environmental protection and economicprosperity while maintaining a long-term focus,support for the development and deployment of cleantechnologies, and support for constructive andambitious global action. nTHE 2010 G8 SUMMIT On 1 January 2010 Canada assumed the 2010 G8Presidency and will host this year's G8 summit onJune 25-26 at the Deerhurst Resort in Huntsville,Muskoka. It will be the 36th G8 summit and the fifthG8 summit hosted by Canada since the countryjoined the group (then the G6) in 1976.The members of the Group of Eight (G8) are theworld's major advanced economies: Canada, France,Germany, Italy, Japan, Russia, the United Kingdomand the United States. The G8 has helped to addressmany global challenges in such areas as health,environment, peace, security and education.Photo: The Department of Foreign Affairs and International Trade, Canada

""peaking to an audience at the ColumbiaUniversity, Nicolas Sarkozy, President ofthe French Republic, warned that if we donot change world governance, we willhave no chance to respond to the conflicts of tomorrow.He referred to the fact that the climate conference inCopenhagen did not deliver a binding agreement as the"caricature of a failure of the method" of globalgovernance.There is not a single country in the world, in the 21stcentury, that can lead the world all by itself. In the20th century it was possible; at the end of World War IIwe could imagine such a power. But in the 21stcentury we must all understand that in order to leadthe world - a world that has become multipolar - wemust accept that strength implies dialogue. The second major area of action for the two of us [MrSarkozy and Mr Obama] is the new world governance.I was in Copenhagen for the environmental summit.Copenhagen represented the failure of a method to thepoint of caricature. How does this work? We have a UNSecurity Council that has a certain number ofpermanent members with veto powers. But the Councilwas defined in the wake of World War II. Do you youngstudents at Columbia know that not a single Africancountry is a permanent member of the SecurityCouncil? [And yet the continent has] a billioninhabitants! Do you know that not a single Arabcountry - [although the Arab world has] about ahundred million inhabitants - is a permanent memberof the Security Council? Do you know that India - witha billion inhabitants, and becoming the world's mostpopulous nation in 30 years' time - is not a permanentmember of the Security Council? That Japan, theworld's second-largest economy, is not a permanentmember of the Security Council? Why? Because 60years ago they lost the war. Is that reasonable? Do youknow that not a single Latin American country is apermanent member of the Security Council?How can anyone expect us to resolve major crises,major wars and major conflicts within the framework ofthe UN without Africa, without three quarters of Asia,without Latin America, without a single Arab country?Is that reasonable? Is that sensible? Is it evenimaginable? Who can believe that?I am told, yes, but they are all members of the UNGeneral Assembly. There are 192 countries in theworld: the G192. So we move from a system at theSecurity Council, where we want to solve problemswithout two thirds of humanity, to a system where thesmallest country can block the agreement of all theothers. The United States of America and Europe mustdemand the reform of world governance to make roomfor the continents of tomorrow, which are entitled togive their opinion. How do you want Brazil or India orAfrica to assume their share of the responsibility for theworld's major conflicts if they are not asked theiropinion? Would you like to be told that you arewelcomed to pay, but as far as your opinion isconcerned, we do not want it? Who can work that way?Who can understand it? That is why, along with GordonBrown, we submitted the text of an interim reform ofworld governance and of the UN Security Council.As the French President, I was a member of the G8.And I say: "It is hard to imagine that the G8 representsanything without China, India, Mexico or SouthAfrica." I am told: "Well, that is not a big deal, they areinvited to the luncheon at the end of the G8 summit."Five representatives of two and a half billion of theworld's inhabitants are invited to cross the globe tocome and eat with us. And we did not foresee that oneMain Picture: Presidentof the French Republic,Nicolas SarkozyRETHINKING WORLD GOVERNANCEHOW CAN ANYONE EXPECTUS TO RESOLVEMAJOR CRISES,MAJOR WARS ANDMAJOR CONFLICTSWITHIN THEFRAMEWORK OFTHE UN WITHOUTAFRICA, WITHOUTTHREE QUARTERSOF ASIA, WITHOUTLATIN AMERICA,WITHOUT A SINGLEARAB COUNTRY?016G8 MEMBER COUNTRIESSNICOLAS SARKOZY,PRESIDENT OF THE FRENCH REPUBLIC