""peaking to an audience at the ColumbiaUniversity, Nicolas Sarkozy, President ofthe French Republic, warned that if we donot change world governance, we willhave no chance to respond to the conflicts of tomorrow.He referred to the fact that the climate conference inCopenhagen did not deliver a binding agreement as the"caricature of a failure of the method" of globalgovernance.There is not a single country in the world, in the 21stcentury, that can lead the world all by itself. In the20th century it was possible; at the end of World War IIwe could imagine such a power. But in the 21stcentury we must all understand that in order to leadthe world - a world that has become multipolar - wemust accept that strength implies dialogue. The second major area of action for the two of us [MrSarkozy and Mr Obama] is the new world governance.I was in Copenhagen for the environmental summit.Copenhagen represented the failure of a method to thepoint of caricature. How does this work? We have a UNSecurity Council that has a certain number ofpermanent members with veto powers. But the Councilwas defined in the wake of World War II. Do you youngstudents at Columbia know that not a single Africancountry is a permanent member of the SecurityCouncil? [And yet the continent has] a billioninhabitants! Do you know that not a single Arabcountry - [although the Arab world has] about ahundred million inhabitants - is a permanent memberof the Security Council? Do you know that India - witha billion inhabitants, and becoming the world's mostpopulous nation in 30 years' time - is not a permanentmember of the Security Council? That Japan, theworld's second-largest economy, is not a permanentmember of the Security Council? Why? Because 60years ago they lost the war. Is that reasonable? Do youknow that not a single Latin American country is apermanent member of the Security Council?How can anyone expect us to resolve major crises,major wars and major conflicts within the framework ofthe UN without Africa, without three quarters of Asia,without Latin America, without a single Arab country?Is that reasonable? Is that sensible? Is it evenimaginable? Who can believe that?I am told, yes, but they are all members of the UNGeneral Assembly. There are 192 countries in theworld: the G192. So we move from a system at theSecurity Council, where we want to solve problemswithout two thirds of humanity, to a system where thesmallest country can block the agreement of all theothers. The United States of America and Europe mustdemand the reform of world governance to make roomfor the continents of tomorrow, which are entitled togive their opinion. How do you want Brazil or India orAfrica to assume their share of the responsibility for theworld's major conflicts if they are not asked theiropinion? Would you like to be told that you arewelcomed to pay, but as far as your opinion isconcerned, we do not want it? Who can work that way?Who can understand it? That is why, along with GordonBrown, we submitted the text of an interim reform ofworld governance and of the UN Security Council.As the French President, I was a member of the G8.And I say: "It is hard to imagine that the G8 representsanything without China, India, Mexico or SouthAfrica." I am told: "Well, that is not a big deal, they areinvited to the luncheon at the end of the G8 summit."Five representatives of two and a half billion of theworld's inhabitants are invited to cross the globe tocome and eat with us. And we did not foresee that oneMain Picture: Presidentof the French Republic,Nicolas SarkozyRETHINKING WORLD GOVERNANCEHOW CAN ANYONE EXPECTUS TO RESOLVEMAJOR CRISES,MAJOR WARS ANDMAJOR CONFLICTSWITHIN THEFRAMEWORK OFTHE UN WITHOUTAFRICA, WITHOUTTHREE QUARTERSOF ASIA, WITHOUTLATIN AMERICA,WITHOUT A SINGLEARAB COUNTRY?016G8 MEMBER COUNTRIESSNICOLAS SARKOZY,PRESIDENT OF THE FRENCH REPUBLIC
G8 MEMBER COUNTRIES017day the G5 would be the one refusing to invite the G8,rather than the G8 refusing to invite the G5.My dear friends, I am not saying this because I want tomake myself look good in Africa, Asia or Latin America.I am saying it because if we do not change worldgovernance, we will have no chance to respond to theconflicts of tomorrow. nThe above remarks are extracted from a speech byNicolas Sarkozy, President of the French Republic,delivered at Columbia University on 29 March 2010during the President's official visit to the USA.Source:The French Ministry of European and Foreign Affairs.