" "ussia remains committed to its strategy ofreducing carbon emissions, as it is in thecountry's best interests, claims DmitryMedvedev, President of the RussianFederation. At a state meeting dedicated to preventingnational security threats arising from global climatechange, he outlined the key points of Russia's ClimateDoctrine and set deadlines for their implementation.The global community has attempted to tackle climatechange on a number of occasions over the recentyears, but without much visible impact. TheCopenhagen Climate Change Conference failed toproduce results. The prospects for an internationalagreement on climate change are still not clear,although everyone continues to work, of course. As aresponsible country, we remain committed to ourchosen strategy, namely, developing an energy-efficient economy, modern "green technology" and amodern energy sector. No matter how the situationdevelops, it is in Russia's environmental and economicinterests to pursue this strategy. This is without aquestion an issue concerning our national security, andthis is why we are examining this matter here today. Russia's Climate Doctrine, approved at the end of lastyear, is based on the same strategy. Its implementationinvolves carrying out state programmes to reduce thehuman impact on the atmosphere and adapting themto global changes, including in the Arctic and in ournorthern latitudes. I want the Government to approve apackage of measures for implementing the [Climate]Doctrine by October 1, 2010. This includes draftingthe necessary laws and regulations. I hereby issue thisinstruction to the Government. We also need to establish new and effective financialand institutional mechanisms, and come up withincentives for companies to modernise theirtechnology. Perhaps we also need to adjust buildingand technical regulations to take into account thecurrent or forecast effects of climate change, thoughon this matter we need to proceed very carefully,because not all forecasts turn out to be correct. Whatever happens, we will need to make thoroughchecks of civil and military infrastructure located in theregions with the most complicated climatic conditionsand, if necessary, take measures to make them moreresilient in the context of climate change. In anycircumstances, according to evaluations already made,deterioration of the permafrost in the north of WesternSiberia and northeast of European Russia could causepotential damage to buildings and infrastructure. It is extremely important for us to develop modernscientific research and forecasting capability. We arestill a long way behind most developed countries inmonitoring and forecasting climate change. I want tobring to your attention that we are still unable to carryout ongoing meteorological study of the Arctic region.Being able to do so, is crucial to understanding thecauses and consequences of climate change. TheGovernment has a deadline of 1 June 2010 forproposing steps for the development of the Arktikamultipurpose space system and establishingmeteorological and climate monitoring subsystems. We still lack a clear organisational system formanaging climate research, both fundamental andapplied. We need a single centre and a single researchplan that includes forecasting national security threatsand offering effective recommendations for adaptingto climate change at the national level and at the levelof specific regions and industries. This plan must bedrawn up by 1 September 2010, and by 1 July thisMain Picture: Presidentof the RussianFederation, DmitryMedvedevCHANGING CLIMATE IS A THREAT TO SECURITYAS A RESPONSIBLECOUNTRY WE REMAIN COMMITTED TO OUR CHOSENSTRATEGY,NAMELY, DEVELOPING AN ENERGY-EFFICIENTECONOMY, MODERN "GREEN TECHNOLOGY" ANDA MODERN ENERGY SECTOR 020G8 MEMBER COUNTRIESRDMITRY MEDVEDEV, PRESIDENT OF THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION
G8 MEMBER COUNTRIES021year we need to approve the strategy in meteorologyand related fields through to 2030. We also need tofinalise the strategy's implementation stages. In order to take part in the international negotiatingprocess it is crucial that we work in a co-ordinatedfashion and that all of our agencies cooperate witheach other. Their common task is to help obtain thedrafting of a global climate agreement that is inRussia's development interests and which takes intoaccount our current possibilities and our country'sspecific competitive advantages. We must not forget that climate change can give risenot only to change in the nature around us, but canalso see the emergence of disputes between countriesover energy exploration and extraction, the use ofmarine transport routes, bio-resources, and shortagesof water and food resources. The countries borderingthe Arctic region are already actively engaged inexpanding their research, economic and evenmilitary presence in the Arctic. Unfortunately, inthis situation we are seeing attempts to limitRussia's access to exploring and developingArctic energy deposits, which is inadmissiblefrom a legal point of view and unfair in terms of ourcountry's geographical location and its very history. I want to bring one other issue to your attention. This issomething that has been much discussed. I havespoken about it too with my colleagues at the G20 and G8 summits. There is the idea of "preventivemeasures" taken by developed countries as a sort ofcarbon protectionism. These kinds of decisions,especially unilateral decisions aimed at specificcountries or groups of countries, could limit exportopportunities for some of Russia's commodities oninternational markets and serve as a pretext forincreasing unfair competition against Russia. Wetherefore need to weigh this situation up, discuss it,and propose a scheme that would enable us tocontribute to preventing climate change, while at the same time maintaining our economy's competitiveness in our main export sectors. In conclusion, I want to underline one point. Scientistscontinue to debate the consequences of global climatechange. The situation is not always as clear as theenvironmentalists and people following thesedevelopments may think. There is no common forecastand no precise scenario for how things will develop.But we need to be prepared for any development inevents, and we must be able to make use of thesedevelopments in such a way that would benefit oureconomy, strengthen our country and protect ourpeople from the negative impacts of climate change ontheir lives. That is today's agenda. nThis is an edited version of President Medvedev'sopening address at the Security Council Meeting onClimate Change on 17 March 2010 in Moscow.