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G8 MEMBER COUNTRIES021year we need to approve the strategy in meteorologyand related fields through to 2030. We also need tofinalise the strategy's implementation stages. In order to take part in the international negotiatingprocess it is crucial that we work in a co-ordinatedfashion and that all of our agencies cooperate witheach other. Their common task is to help obtain thedrafting of a global climate agreement that is inRussia's development interests and which takes intoaccount our current possibilities and our country'sspecific competitive advantages. We must not forget that climate change can give risenot only to change in the nature around us, but canalso see the emergence of disputes between countriesover energy exploration and extraction, the use ofmarine transport routes, bio-resources, and shortagesof water and food resources. The countries borderingthe Arctic region are already actively engaged inexpanding their research, economic and evenmilitary presence in the Arctic. Unfortunately, inthis situation we are seeing attempts to limitRussia's access to exploring and developingArctic energy deposits, which is inadmissiblefrom a legal point of view and unfair in terms of ourcountry's geographical location and its very history. I want to bring one other issue to your attention. This issomething that has been much discussed. I havespoken about it too with my colleagues at the G20 and G8 summits. There is the idea of "preventivemeasures" taken by developed countries as a sort ofcarbon protectionism. These kinds of decisions,especially unilateral decisions aimed at specificcountries or groups of countries, could limit exportopportunities for some of Russia's commodities oninternational markets and serve as a pretext forincreasing unfair competition against Russia. Wetherefore need to weigh this situation up, discuss it,and propose a scheme that would enable us tocontribute to preventing climate change, while at the same time maintaining our economy's competitiveness in our main export sectors. In conclusion, I want to underline one point. Scientistscontinue to debate the consequences of global climatechange. The situation is not always as clear as theenvironmentalists and people following thesedevelopments may think. There is no common forecastand no precise scenario for how things will develop.But we need to be prepared for any development inevents, and we must be able to make use of thesedevelopments in such a way that would benefit oureconomy, strengthen our country and protect ourpeople from the negative impacts of climate change ontheir lives. That is today's agenda. nThis is an edited version of President Medvedev'sopening address at the Security Council Meeting onClimate Change on 17 March 2010 in Moscow.

" "merica can come together to passcomprehensive energy and climatelegislation that is going to foster newenergy, new industries and protect ourplanet, assures Barack Obama, President of the UnitedStates of America. America's energy security is an issue that has been apriority for my administration since the day I tookoffice. Already, we have made the largest investment inclean energy in our nation's history. It is an investmentthat is expected to create or save more than 700,000jobs across America - jobs manufacturing advancedbatteries for more efficient vehicles; upgrading thepower grid so that it is smarter and it is stronger;doubling our nation's capacity to generate renewableelectricity from sources like the wind and the sun.And just a few months after taking office, I alsogathered the leaders of the world's largest automakers,the heads of labour unions, environmental advocates,and public officials from California and across thecountry to reach a historic agreement to raise fueleconomy standards in cars and trucks. And tomorrow,after decades in which we have done little to increaseauto efficiency, those new standards will be finalised,which will reduce our dependence on oil while helpingfolks spend a little less at the pump.So my administration is upholding its end of the deal,and we expect all parties to do the same. I would alsopoint out this rule to be announced about increasedmileage standards will save 1.8 billion barrels of oil.That is like taking 58 million cars off the road for a year.Today, we are also going to go one step further. In orderto save energy and taxpayer dollars, my administration- led by Secretary Chu at Energy, as well asAdministrator Johnson at GSA - is doubling thenumber of hybrid vehicles in the federal fleet, even aswe seek to reduce the number of cars and trucks usedby our government overall. So we are going to lead byexample and practice what we preach: cutting waste,saving energy, and reducing our reliance on foreign oil.But we have to do more. We need to make continuedinvestments in clean coal technologies and advancedbiofuels. Recently, I announced loan guarantees tobreak ground on America's first new nuclear facility inthree decades, a project that will create thousands ofjobs. And as we transition to cleaner energy sources, wehave still got to make tough decisions about openingnew offshore areas for oil and gas development in waysthat protect communities and coastlines.This is not a decision I have made lightly. It's one thatKen [Salazar, Secretary of Interior] and I - as well asCarol Browner, my energy advisor, and others - lookedat for more than a year. But the bottom line is, givenour energy needs, in order to sustain economic growthand produce jobs, and keep our businessescompetitive, we will need to harness traditionalsources of fuel even as we ramp up production of newsources of renewable, homegrown energy.So today we are announcing the expansion of offshoreoil and gas exploration, but in ways that balance theneed to harness domestic energy resources and theneed to protect America's natural resources. Under theleadership of Secretary Salazar, we will employ newtechnologies that reduce the impact of oil exploration.We will protect areas vital to tourism, the environment,and our national security. And we will be guided not bypolitical ideology, but by scientific evidence. Aroundthe world, countries are seeking an edge in the globalmarketplace by investing in new ways of producing andMain Picture: USPresident Barack ObamaMOVING TOWARDS CLEANER ENERGY ANDHEALTHIER PLANETWE ARE GOINGTO PRACTICE WHATWE PREACH: CUTTING WASTE, SAVING ENERGY,AND REDUCINGOUR RELIANCE ON FOREIGN OIL022G8 MEMBER COUNTRIESABARACK OBAMA, PRESIDENT OF THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICAOfficial White House Photo by Pete Souza