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BIOGRAPHYDr Steve Howard is co-founder and CEO ofinternational NGO The Climate Group and chairs theWorld Economic Forum's Global Agenda Council onClimate Change. Dr Howard is a leading authority onclimate change and believes politicians and businessleaders must tackle environmental and economicchallenges together to cut emissions, create new jobsand build a prosperous, clean, green economy. Since 2003, The Climate Group has established one of the world's most powerful international coalitions of business and government leaders committed toadvancing the low carbon policies and technologiesnecessary to make deep cuts in global emissions.Most recently, Dr Steve Howard led a joint initiativewith former UK Prime Minister Tony Blair to accelerate political momentum required forinternational agreement on a global climate deal.Before founding The Climate Group, he spent 15years advising major corporations, NGOs and UNbodies on the environment.POST-COPENHAGEN REVIEW033climate leadership is one obvious and potential area.WHAT DOES THIS LOOK LIKE INPRACTICE? For the summit in June it means clear and detailedplans on the delivery of "fast-track" finance. And acommitment to providing first funds by the year's end. It means early, broad and in-depth engagement withnon-G8 countries in the lead up to the summit.BASIC countries, members of the newly formed'Progressive Group' and the most vulnerabledeveloping states should be priorities. Engagementshould be transparent, inclusive and equitable,particularly with respect to "fast-track" financediscussions.It means championing climate entrepreneurs,celebrating their successes and communicating to awider audience the positive, can-do attitude theyoffer. A commitment to supporting the voice ofprogressive business in the UN negotiations shouldbe a priority of all G8 members.Perhaps most importantly, it means committing tothe necessary domestic legislation that is ultimatelyneeded to drive the clean revolution at home. Inshort, it is leading by doing.With so many issues left to negotiate and differencesto bridge in the lead-up to Cancun, it is essential thatthe June summit delivers credible actions andcommitments that work for all countries. While theG8 might well be an exclusive club, its actions onclimate change must not be.n" "THE ACCORD ESTABLISHES'FAST-START' FINANCE FOR DEVELOPINGCOUNTRIESWORTH US$30BILLION THROUGHTO 2012, ANDCOMMITMENTS TO RAISE US$100 BILLIONPER ANNUM BY 2020important milestones. But these need to be built on. One potentially game-changing gesture would be formal acknowledgement by the so-called"BASIC" countries - Brazil, South Africa, India andChina - that they constituted a new "advanceddeveloping" countries group within the negotiations.This would be a major political step, butcommensurate with the emerging political andeconomic power of these key countries. It would alsoopen space for a more mature debate about therespective needs, responsibilities and capabilities ofdifferent developing countries.Parties also need to initiate a frank and honest debateabout the legal nature of any new climate deal. This isthe elephant in the room that continues to be ignored.Negotiations should focus on an outcome that deliverssignificant emission reductions in an efficient andeffective manner. From the atmosphere's perspective,whether this is under a single new agreement thatbuilds on Kyoto, a new multilateral protocol tocompliment Kyoto, or some other arrangement isirrelevant. Negotiators should seek an outcome that isadministratively simple and politically implementable.This is likely to require many countries to move awayfrom their current fixed positions.Business also has a continuing role to play inensuring the journey to Cancun (and beyond) is asuccessful one. Indeed, the views and ideas ofprogressive business are now more important thanever. Looking back on Copenhagen it is clear thatmany political leaders lacked the kind of positivevision that today's clean-tech entrepreneurs have ofthe future. For many politicians and negotiatorsclimate change is still about costs endured ratherthan opportunities seized. It is all about the "meanrevolution" rather than the "clean revolution".Bringing the entrepreneurial enthusiasm for climateaction to the negotiating table is essential totransforming this glass half-empty mindset.National leaders should also look to their regionalcolleagues for inspiration. In North America, Europe,India and Australia, some of the most progressive andeffective climate policies are being developed andimplemented at state and local level. These "bottomup" initiatives could do much to support 'top-down'international efforts.PROVIDING CLIMATE LEADERSHIP: A KEY ROLE FOR THE G8The G8 can do much to advance action on the variousissues described above. Indeed, it is a matter ofnecessity if the forum wishes to retain its relevance infuture years. As more representative forums such asthe G20 develop in status and scope, the G8 needs toshow where its value-add lies. Providing progressive

e live in a "false economy" of cheap fossilfuels that is obstructing transition toclean-energy future, claims Dr JamesHansen. He calls for a "simple, honest"carbon fee, as outlined in his People's ClimateStewardship Act, which he proposed on 25 April 2010. It is time to take back Earth Day. Some of our bestfriends have become the planet's worst enemies. Theclimate and energy bills in Congress were designed bybig banks and fat-cat environmental organizations thathave lost touch with the people and nature.The bills all use smoke-and-mirrors: cap-and-trade,offsets, and give-aways. The truth is, as long as fossilfuels are the cheapest energy we will go to the mostpristine land for the last drop of oil and gas, anddestroy mountains for the last shard of coal. Fossil fuels are cheapest only because they do not pay their costs to society - for damage to humanhealth, the environment and future generations. Sotoday, based on discussions with religious leaders,congressional staffers, economists, and concernedcitizens, I propose a People's Climate Stewardship bill.The bill defines a simple carbon fee, collected fromfossil fuel companies upon the first sale at the mine,wellhead or port of entry. The money collected will bedistributed monthly to the public as a green check - sofamilies can afford the energy they need during thetransition to a clean energy future. The rising carbon feewill stimulate investment in low-carbon energy. We willreduce our dependence on foreign oil. We will creategood jobs. And we will preserve for our children andgrandchildren this remarkable planet. It is time todemand a government of the people and for the people.It is time for effective action for all life on the planet.THE PEOPLE'S CLIMATE STEWARDSHIPACT PROPOSES:1. Collection of Carbon Fees/Carbon Fee Trust Fund:Beginning on July 1, 2011, a carbon fee of US$15 perton of CO2 equivalent emissions will be imposed on allfossil fuels at the point of first sale in the US economy.CO2 equivalent fees shall also be imposed for othergreenhouse gases including methane, nitrous oxide,sulfur hexafluoride, hydrofluorocarbons (HFCs)emitted as byproducts, perfluorocarbons, and nitrogentrifluoride. All fees are to be returned to Americanhouseholds as outlined below.2. Steady step-up of CC2 Fees, Ensuring Replacementof Fossil Fuels with Low-Carbon Energy:The yearlyincrease in carbon fees including other greenhousegases shall be at least US$10 per ton of CO2 equivalenteach year, to reduce US CO2-equivalent emissions by2050 to 10 per cent of the 1990 US CO2-equivalentemissions. EPA and DOE shall annually reviewgreenhouse gas emissions data and determine whetheran increase larger than US$10 per tonne per year isneeded to achieve emissions reductions commensuratewith that reduction trajectory. If EPA and DOE find thatUS emissions are not being reduced sufficiently, theCO2 fee shall increase by US$15/T CO2 in the followingyear. [Modeled after Rep. Larson's H.R. 1337"America's Energy Security Trust Fund Act."]3. Mechanisms for 100 per cent Revenue Return:Allrevenue from CO2 and CO2 equivalent fees shall bereturned to households. Mechanisms include: (1)Equal monthly per-person "dividend" payments madeto all US households (1/2 per child under 18 years old,with a limit of two children per family) each monthbeginning on August 28, 2011, (2) Use all carbon feeHONEST EFFECTIVEACTIONFOR PEOPLEANDTHEENVIRONMENTPROTECTING 034THE NATURAL ENVIRONMENTWDR JAMES HANSEN, DIRECTOR, NASA GODDARD INSTITUTE FOR SPACE STUDIES AND ADJUNCT PROFESSOR, EARTH AND ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES, COLUMBIA UNIVERSITY,