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PROTECTING THE NATURAL ENVIRONMENT035Below: The recent spill inthe Gulf of Mexicorevealed again theinherent danger of oil rigsrevenue to reduce payroll taxes for employers andemployees. Unemployed persons and Social Securityrecipients shall receive equivalent distributions.4. Border Adjustments:To ensure that US-made goods remain competitive abroad and to provide anadditional incentive for US trading partners to adopttheir own carbon fees, Carbon-Fee-Equivalent Tariffsshall be charged for goods entering the US fromcountries without comparable Carbon Fees. Carbon-Fee-Equivalent rebates shall reduce the price ofexports to such countries and ensure that US goodsremain competitive in those countries.5. Phase Out of Fossil Fuel Subsidies:All existingsubsidies of fossil fuels including tax credits, shall bephased out within five years.6. Moratorium on New or Expanded Coal-Fired PowerPlants without CCS:No new coal-fired power plantsshall be permitted, constructed, or operated. Noexpansions in capacity of any existing coal powerplants shall be permitted, constructed, or operated.[Exception: permits may be issued for facilities thatsuccessfully demonstrate safe and effective long-termCarbon Capture and Sequestration of at least 90 percent of CO2 emissions.]7. Seeking Treaties:The President shall seek treatieswith other countries that encourage adoption of similarprogrammes to reduce CO2 and other greenhouse gasemissions worldwide. nDr Hansen's proposal was produced after discussionwith religious leaders, the Carbon Tax Centre,Citizens Climate Lobby and the Price CarbonCampaign. It incorporates key elements of billsproposed by Congressmen John Larson (D-Conn) andBob Inglis (R-S.C.), whom Dr Hansen calls on to joinforces in building a "Climate Stewardship Act". Formore information visit: www.carbontax.org or call James Handley on: +1 202-546-5692.Above: Dr James Hansenis calling for a carbon fee

""hile Copenhagen did not deliver what itset out to do, the urgency of addressingthe climate change threat remains. TheG8 and G20 serve as crucial momentsat which Heads of State can substantively advanceclimate change commitments ahead of the next UNclimate conference in Mexico on 29 November to10 December this year. Canada carries a specialresponsibility to shape the Summit agenda but hasso far failed to give climate change the necessaryprominence. The UN climate change conference in Copenhagen inDecember 2009 involved 120 Heads of State - anunprecedented level of political engagement in a UNmeeting held outside of the UN Headquarters in NewYork. This shows that tackling climate change isrecognised as one of the most pressing and multi-faceted challenges we face - it requires agreement ofevery country and cuts across virtually everygeopolitical issue from energy security to food security;from human health to historical responsibility. Copenhagen represented an historic moment ofinternational cooperation and demonstrated levels ofpolitical engagement at the highest level. Yet thesummit failed to deliver the comprehensive, science-based and equitable "global deal" millions of peoplearound the world called for. What Copenhagen taught us, more than anything, washow hard it is to get all of the elements of such acomplex and challenging process to come together inone place at one moment.But the Copenhagen Accord, though not a "globaldeal" in the form and level of ambition we had hopedfor, did break through some of the distrust betweendeveloped and developing nations which had until thattime prevented real commitment. To have FrenchPresident Nicolas Sarkozy, Indian Prime MinisterManmohan Singh, Brazilian President Lula da Silva,US President Barack Obama, and a handful of otherworld leaders in a room together, drafting the text of aglobal climate change agreement on laptops balancedon their knees is indicative of a level of cooperationand shared responsibility that has been lacking inprevious years. Post-Copenhagen, we must not drop the ball onclimate change. Other international meetings can -and to an extent must - help achieve progress that canin turn generate momentum towards agreement withinthe UN process. Key meetings during 2010 includethe G8 and G20 Summits - this year being held inCanada (G8 and G20 in June) and South Korea (G20in November). PUTTING CLIMATE CHANGE BACK ON THE TABLECanada has the responsibility for hosting the G8 andG20 Summits in June, which is the scene where someof the most influential countries in the world can injectnew momentum towards agreement to tackle climatechange. The Summits will be the first time these headsof state and government meet since Copenhagen.WWF will be watching for signals of reneweddetermination to act on climate change.Climate change is not new to the agendas of suchmeetings. It was the G8 who, in 1979, committedunilaterally to reduce C02 emissions in theatmosphere in response to the emerging certainty ofthe link between greenhouse gases and a warmingBACK ON THE TABLE? CLIMATE CHANGE AT THE G8 AND G20 SUMMITSEVEN IF ALL COUNTRIESACHIEVE REDUCTIONS ATTHE UPPER ENDOF THE PLEDGEDRANGES IN THECOPENHAGEN ACCORD, ANALYSISSUGGESTS WEFACE WARMING OF 3.5-4ÂșC, WITHDEVASTATING IMPACTS ON PEOPLE AND COMMUNITIES,SPECIES ANDHABITATS PROTECTING 036THE NATURAL ENVIRONMENTWKIM CARSTENSEN, LEADER OF THE GLOBAL CLIMATE INITIATIVE, WWF INTERNATIONALPhoto: WWF-Canon / Richard Stonehouse