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TECHNOLOGYThe latest technologies in aircraft and engine designcombined with operational best practice and modernnavigation equipment contribute to our community'ssteady reduction of GHG emissions. Business aircraftmust be as light as possible and use as little fuel aspossible in order to transport the maximum payload asfar as possible. It is not surprising then that businessaircraft manufacturers have led the way in the use ofinnovative technologies that allow for more efficientoperations. Manufacturers are committed to continueon this path: a business aircraft built in 2050 will be45 per cent more fuel efficient than one built in 2005.INFRASTRUCTURE AND OPERATORBEST PRACTICESCO2 emissions will also be reduced throughcollaboration with Air Traffic Management (ATM)providers to accelerate implementation of air trafficinfrastructure and procedures modernisation. Alongwith development and implementation of operationalbest practices to reduce fuel usage, these programmes098AVIATION" "BUSINESS AIRCRAFT MANUFACTURERSHAVE LED THE WAY IN THE USE OF INNOVATIVE TECHNOLOGIES THAT ALLOW FORMORE EFFICIENT OPERATIONS...Right: President andCEO, European BusinessAviation Association,Brian Humphries Main Picture: Theaviation industry ispushing for sustainablealternative fuelswill deliver 14 per cent of the overall CO2 reductionsby 2050.ALTERNATIVE FUELSThe aviation industry is driving the research,development and deployment of commercially viable,sustainable alternative aviation fuels. The industry ispartnering with authorities in Europe and NorthAmerica to develop, certify and commerciallyimplement such fuels within the next few years. Basedon current research and the encouraging resultsalready demonstrated in flight, business aviationanticipates a CO2 life cycle reduction of 40 per cent inabsolute terms from biofuels by 2050. This is an areathat holds huge promise for significant GHG emissionsreductions, but it will require a sustained commitmentto funding research by national and other authorities.MARKET-BASED MEASURESThe successful achievement of carbon-neutral growthby 2020 will be challenging, since there will not be timeby then for improvements in technology, infrastructure

and operations, and alternative fuels to take full effect.During this interim period, business aviation operatorsare therefore committed to offsetting their emissionsthrough market-based economic measures, such as theEU Emission Trading Scheme (EU-ETS).EU-ETS - GETTING IT RIGHTAccording to Eurocontrol, business aviation comprisesabout 7 per cent of flights, but emits less than 1 percent of European aviation emissions because of ouryoung aircraft fleet and because we fly only to task. So,the utilisation of business aircraft is low compared withthe airlines and the fuel consumption per aircraft houris similarly small. All this means that our sector willcontribute a minuscule amount to ETS income. With that in mind, the European Business AviationAssociation has been working with EU authorities toimplement EU-ETS procedures that are fair,transparent and cost-effective. Specifically, we haverecommended these improvements:Raising the simplified Monitoring, Reporting andVerification (MRV) procedure's threshold for smallemitters from 10,000 tonnes to 500,000 tonnes;Accepting Eurocontrol's ETS Support Facilitycalculations without additional verification foroperators who emit less than 500,000 tonnes andagree to use the ETS Support Facility;Improving access to emissions credit auctions forsmall emitters; andStandardising the de minimis threshold of 10,000tonnes for inclusion in EU ETS across all sectors.Most business aircraft operators are small to midsizebusinesses - 70 per cent of flights in Europe are byoperators using just one aircraft. These companies willhave to purchase offsets for almost all their emissionsdue to the tonne-kilometre (TK) principle. It istherefore essential that a simplified procedure isavailable to ease the administrative burden.In addition, equitable access to CO2 permit auctionswill also be critical. Unlike the airlines, businessaircraft operators, because of the payload to overallweight ratio limitations inherent in small aircraft, willtypically not qualify for more than 7-12 per cent oftheir allocation free of charge. Consequently, they willbe forced from the initial introduction of the scheme in2012 to buy the vast majority of their permits either onthe open market or at auction. EBAA believes EU Member States should not rely on the private sector to make small quantities ofpermits available at fair prices because of the muchsmaller commercial return they can expect to makeBIOGRAPHYBrian Humphries joined Shell Aircraft in late 1989 asan aviation adviser, having served in the Royal AirForce in ranks up to Air Commodore in a variety ofappointments with both flying and engineeringresponsibilities.After becoming Managing Director of Shell AircraftLimited in 1994, his duties were expanded in 2000when he also became the CEO of Shell AircraftInternational, accountable for all Shell Aircraft'soperations worldwide, amounting to more than100,000 flying hours per year.He retired in April 2005 and is now President andCEO of the European Business Aviation Association,based in Brussels, where he had previously served asChairman from 1996 to 2004.Mr Humphries is also Chairman of the BritishHelicopter Advisory Board and has served a three-yearterm as Chairman of the Montreal-based InternationalBusiness Aviation Council (IBAC), representing theinterests of business aviation globally at ICAO.AVIATION099dealing with small operators on an individual basis.These small operators do not have the infrastructure toparticipate directly in the complex auctioning marketwithout the introduction of a number of mechanisms toallow them to participate in the process without facingdisproportionate costs. Our sector's willingness to comply with new European regulations andenvironmental responsibilities must not becompromised by difficult or unreasonably expensiveaccess to markets. The EBAA believes every measureshould be taken to prevent emissions trading fromsuccumbing to over complex bureaucracy that putsmore money in the pockets of consultants and verifiersthan that generated from offsetting our sector's verysmall carbon emissions.WE ALL HAVE A ROLE TO PLAYThe business aviation community is prepared to do itspart to alleviate its environmental impact. We will putforth a sustained effort to meet the targets we have set,and a strong partnership between industry andgovernment is also necessary to achieve these goals. Business aviation wants to be an integral part of acomprehensive, ambitious and fair worldwide action tomitigate emissions. With the ambitious environmentalprogramme adopted by our manufacturers andoperators, in combination with full compliance with the EU-ETS, business aviation's contribution to mitigating the production of CO2 is not onlysignificant, it is wholehearted. n