he last decade was the most challengingin the financial history of aviation. Despitethat, we have made great progress on ourtop priorities. Safety improved as we cutthe accident rate by over a third. We completely re-vamped security in response to new risks that came tolight after the tragic events of 2001. And we addressednoise - the main environment problem in 2001 - witha global commitment to phasing out the noisiestaircraft and setting global standards for new aircraftentering the fleet. As an industry working in co-operation with governments, aviation has a proven trackrecord of setting targets and delivering results. Today the environmental challenge is climate change.Aviation contributes two per cent of man-made carbonemissions. In 2010 that was about 660 million tonnes ofcarbon. As an environmentally responsible industry, weare determined to reduce this. The solution starts withglobal leadership. Aviation is a global industry. Climatechange is a global problem. The only effective approachmust also be global. IATA stepped up to the plate. Werepresent 230 airlines comprising 93 per cent ofscheduled international traffic. The first step was to builda common position among our members. In June 2007,at our Annual General Meeting, I personally announceda vision for aviation to achieve carbon neutral growth onthe way to a carbon-free future. Many were shocked.Some thought that I was crazy. Fortunately, in thisforward thinking industry, many more understood theneed for a long-term and ambitious agenda.AN INDUSTRY STRATEGY DELIVERINGRESULTSTo achieve this vision we agreed a four pillar strategy of:investments in technology;more efficient infrastructure;more effective operations;a global approach for positive economic measures.Airlines, airports, air navigation service providers andmanufacturers came on board with the strategy andvision. Working together, we are delivering results.Airlines are investing US$1.3 trillion in new aircraft tobe delivered by 2020, and each will be 15-20 per centmore fuel efficient than the aircraft they replace. Since2004, IATA has worked with governments and airnavigation service providers to shorten some 2000routes. We collected industry best practice on fuelmanagement. And then we worked with airlines toimplement the best practices achieving fuel efficiencygains of up to 12 per cent. Combined, these effortshave saved over 76 million tonnes of CO2since 2004.AIR TRAFFIC MANAGEMENTWe could do much more if governments were morecommitted. For decades we have called on Europeangovernments to manage their airspace with a SingleEuropean Sky. This alone would cut aviation'semissions by 16 million tonnes each year. The lack ofpolitical will to move this forward is a costlydisappointment for airlines and for the environment.Moreover, there are similar missed opportunities inmany other parts of the world. These include the long-awaited NextGen air traffic management system in theUS and the need for a more efficient way of handlingair traffic in China's Pearl River Delta.BIOFUELSOne of the most promising possibilities to achieve" "FOR DECADESWE HAVE CALLEDON EUROPEANGOVERNMENTS TOMANAGE THEIRAIRSPACE WITH ASINGLE EUROPEANSKY. THE LACK OF POLITICAL WILL TO MOVE THIS FORWARD IS A COSTLY DISAPPOINTMENTFOR AIRLINES AND FOR THE ENVIRONMENTAVIATION'S CLEAR TARGETSON CLIMATE CHANGE102GREEN TRANSPORTGIOVANNI BISIGNANI, DIRECTOR GENERAL AND CEO, INTERNATIONAL AIR TRANSPORT ASSOCIATION (IATA)T
GREEN TRANSPORT103emissions reductions is with sustainable biofuels.Sustainable biofuels made from jatropha, camelina oralgae have the potential to reduce aviation's carbonfootprint by up to 80 per cent. In 2007 this was adream. Today sustainable biofuels are a tested realitywith certification expected in a matter of months. Thechallenge will be commercialisation. Airlines now use66 billion gallons of fuel per year. By 2020 we want six per cent of this to be sustainable biofuels.Governments must now set the legal and fiscalframework to make it happen.A ROLE MODEL WITH TARGETSA strategy can not deliver long-term results withouttargets. The aviation industry took the bold step to setthree sequential targets on climate change. We haveagreed to:improve fuel efficiency by an average of 1.5 per centannually to 2020;cap net emissions from 2020 with carbon-neutralgrowth, andcut our net emissions in half by 2050 compared to 2005. No other industrial sector has set similar global targets. UN Secretary General Ban Ki-moon hascommended the aviation industry as a role model forother industries.GOVERNMENTSThe responsibility for dealing with aviation'sinternational emissions rests with the InternationalCivil Aviation Organization (ICAO), in co-ordinationwith the United Nations Framework Convention onClimate Change (UNFCC). Unlike other industries,aviation pollutes across borders and over the high seas.It can only be managed with a global approach. Thiswas determined in the Kyoto protocol and confirmedby Christiana Figueres, Executive Director of theUNFCCC. On 8 October 2010, ICAO achieved anhistoric resolution. Its 190 member states agreed tothe first global governmental framework for theemission of an industrial sector. ICAO's 190 memberstates agreed that the industry should improve fuelefficiency by two per cent annually to 2050 and todevelop a global framework for economic measures. Italso achieved agreement on the industry's target ofcapping emissions from 2020. This resolution isinclusive and mindful of the differing needs ofdeveloped and developing nations.This is the first and only global agreement bygovernments to manage the emissions of an industrialsector. By working together, I am confident that we canachieve its goals. Even the two per cent annual fuelefficiency improvement is possible, if governmentscome to the table with air traffic managementsolutions like the Single European Sky to bridge the0.5 per cent gap with our fuel efficiency target. Aviation went to COP16 in Cancun with its homeworkdone. With ICAO and in co-operation with the UNFCCCwe presented our impressive progress to date and thefuture targets that we have set. And, we delivered fourclear messages to governments:1 Support emissions reductions with improvements inair traffic management. 2 Keep focused on a global approach: reject ineffective regional schemes and concentrate ondeveloping a global framework for economicmeasures under ICAO.3 Do not use the industry as a cash cow. Airlines areoperating on a fragile margin of only 1.6 per cent, yetsupport US$3.5 trillion of economic activity4 Promote this sector's achievements as a role modelfor others.Aviation supports 32 million jobs and US$3.5 trillionin economic activity. To sustain the important role thataviation plays in driving the global economy, we havecommitted to the most aggressive global environmentagenda compared to other sectors. We look forward toworking with governments, under the leadership ofICAO and in coordination with the UNFCC to remain atthe forefront of environmental responsibility. nABOUT THE AUTHORGiovanni Bisignani joined the International AirTransport Association as Director General & CEO in June 2002. Since that time Mr Bisignani has completely re-shaped and re-focused theorganisation to better serve its global membership of 230 airlines, comprising 93 per cent of schedulesinternational air traffic.