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We should abide by the purposes and principles of theUN Charter and bring into full play the central role ofthe United Nations and its Security Council in peacekeeping, peace making and peace building. We shouldseek peaceful settlement of international disputesthrough dialogue and consultation.All countries, big or small, strong or weak, rich or poor,are equal members of the international community. Weshould work for common security in a spirit ofdemocracy, inclusiveness, co-operation and win-winprogress. Internal affairs of a country should behandled independently by the country itself andinternational affairs should be managed collectivelythrough consultation by all. We should be committedto multilateralism and international co-operation, andpromote democracy in international relations.We should foster an international environment thatsupports efforts of countries to achieve peace, stabilityand prosperity in the light of their nationalcircumstances. We should respect the sovereignty ofall countries and their right to choose theirdevelopment paths and models in keeping with the principle of seeking common ground while shelving differences. And we should respect thediversity of civilisations and pursue common progress through mutual learning and drawing on eachother's strength.Second, we should endeavour to promote commondevelopment of all countries. The internationalfinancial crisis has aroused much thinking anddiscussion about world economic imbalances. In thefinal analysis, the biggest imbalance in the worldeconomy is the development imbalance between theNorth and the South and the most fundamentalproblem in the world economy is the inadequatedevelopment of developing countries. Withouteconomic development of the developing countries,there can be no sustained and stable growth in theworld economy. We need to renew our commitment tothe development of developing countries and promoteworld economic recovery and growth.We should put in place a fair and effective globaldevelopment system, enhance developmentinstitutions, increase resources for development andwork to fully attain the UN MDGs. We should upholdthe principle of "common but differentiatedresponsibilities" and work together to meet the globalclimate challenge. We should jointly uphold energysecurity in line with the principle of mutually beneficialco-operation, diversified development and co-ordinated energy supply. We should formulate a long-term international food co-operation strategy andensure food security for all.We should establish fair, just, inclusive and well-managed international monetary and financial systemsto support global economic development and increase118GLOBAL VOICESthe say and representation of emerging markets anddeveloping countries in these systems.We should set up a just and equitable international freetrade system, oppose protectionism in all its forms,strengthen the multilateral trading regime and push forearly attainment of the goals of a development round atthe Doha Round negotiations.Third, we should endeavour to bolster internationalexchanges and co-operation. We all live on the sameplanet. Countries are now interconnected andinterdependent with their interests and more closelyinterwoven than at any other time in history. The futureand destiny of one country is increasingly tied to that ofthe world. To work with each other through thick andthin serves the common interests of all countries.We should make full use of the multilateral co-Photo: UN Photo/Paulo Filgueiras

GLOBAL VOICES119operation mechanisms at various levels, including theUN, the Group of 20 and the BRICS, to carry outpractical and effective co-operation. Being the mostuniversal, representative and authoritative inter-governmental international organisation, the UnitedNations should always play a central role ininternational affairs. The G20 should continue to serveas the premier platform for global economicgovernance. Co-operation mechanisms amongemerging market economies represented by the BRICSare enjoying robust development. They constitute anew model of global economic co-operation and animportant way of pursuing multilateralism. They cancontinue to play an active role in boosting co-operationamong emerging market economies.Fourth, we should endeavour to strengthen the BRICSpartnership for common development. Over the pastfive years since its inception, BRICS co-operation hasmade steady headway. The scope of the co-operationhas been broadening and the levels increasing. Amulti-tiered and wide-ranging co-operation structurehas taken shape. Facts have shown that BRICS co-operation has contributed not only to the economicand social development of our five countries, but alsoto world peace and development. We should build onwhat we have achieved and plan for the future. We should stick to the basic principles of solidarity,mutual trust, openness, transparency and commondevelopment. Let us enhance mutual trust through co-operation and always be good friends and goodpartners. Our co-operation is open and transparent,and is aimed at mutual benefit and commondevelopment. We should stay firmly committed to thecommon interests of BRICS countries, step up co-ordination in the international economic, financial anddevelopment fields and strengthen the standing androle of emerging markets and developing countries inglobal economic governance. We should continue to deepen practical co-operation,vigorously tap our co-operation potential in economy,trade, health and sister-city relationships, and strive forfruitful results of our co-operation in various fields soas to further strengthen the economic and socialfoundation for BRICS co-operation.Over the past 30 years and more since reform and opening-up, China has made remarkableachievements in its development. In the past decade,China imported US$687 billion of goods on averageevery year, creating over 14 million jobs in relatedcountries and regions. In 2010, China achieved a 10.3per cent GDP growth and made an importantcontribution to world economic recovery. This fullyshows that China's development is part of the worlddevelopment and the better China develops, thegreater the contribution it will make to the world.At the same time, we are keenly aware that China hasa large population and a weak economic foundation.Our development is uneven and per capita GDP low.We face considerable resources and environmentalconstraints in pursuing economic development. Morethan 100 million people live below the poverty line setby the UN. All these are our challenges, and we mustmake arduous efforts in order to achieve ourdevelopment goals.The Chinese government formulated and promulgatedthe Outline of the 12th Five-Year Plan not long ago.The Outline sets out the guiding principles, strategicobjectives and major tasks for China's economic andsocial development in the coming five years. We will becommitted to scientific development, and focus onaccelerating the transformation of the economicdevelopment pattern. We will advance economic restructuring at a fasterpace, strengthen capacity for innovation, ensureenergy conservation and emission reduction, anddeepen reform and opening up. We will take greatersteps to protect and improve people's well-being andpromote social equity and justice. We will strive forsustained, steady and relatively fast economicdevelopment, and promote social stability andharmony. We will ensure that our development is forthe people and by the people, and the developmentachievements are shared among the people.I am convinced that a China with a more sustainablemode of development, greater social harmony, betterinstitutions and greater openness will not only bringmore benefits to its 1.3 billion people, but also makegreater contribution to world peace and development.China will continue to advocate peace, developmentand co-operation, and remain committed to theindependent foreign policy of peace, the path ofpeaceful development and the win-win strategy ofopening-up. China welcomes the participation of all countries in its development endeavour. We will sharedevelopment opportunities with other countries, andexpand the dimensions of opening up. We willcontribute to the development of the region and theworld through our development and share prosperitywith people around the world. Let us work together tobuild a harmonious world of lasting peace andcommon prosperity. nThe above remarks were delivered by Hu Jintao,President of the People's Republic of China, at the BRICS Leaders meeting on April 14, 2011 inSanya, China. The meeting was also attended by theBrazilian President Dilma Rousseff, Russian PresidentDmitry Medvedev, Indian Prime Minister ManmohanSingh and South African President Jacob Zuma. Source: Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the People'sRepublic of China: Hu Jintao,President, People'sRepublic of China