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GLOBAL VOICES119operation mechanisms at various levels, including theUN, the Group of 20 and the BRICS, to carry outpractical and effective co-operation. Being the mostuniversal, representative and authoritative inter-governmental international organisation, the UnitedNations should always play a central role ininternational affairs. The G20 should continue to serveas the premier platform for global economicgovernance. Co-operation mechanisms amongemerging market economies represented by the BRICSare enjoying robust development. They constitute anew model of global economic co-operation and animportant way of pursuing multilateralism. They cancontinue to play an active role in boosting co-operationamong emerging market economies.Fourth, we should endeavour to strengthen the BRICSpartnership for common development. Over the pastfive years since its inception, BRICS co-operation hasmade steady headway. The scope of the co-operationhas been broadening and the levels increasing. Amulti-tiered and wide-ranging co-operation structurehas taken shape. Facts have shown that BRICS co-operation has contributed not only to the economicand social development of our five countries, but alsoto world peace and development. We should build onwhat we have achieved and plan for the future. We should stick to the basic principles of solidarity,mutual trust, openness, transparency and commondevelopment. Let us enhance mutual trust through co-operation and always be good friends and goodpartners. Our co-operation is open and transparent,and is aimed at mutual benefit and commondevelopment. We should stay firmly committed to thecommon interests of BRICS countries, step up co-ordination in the international economic, financial anddevelopment fields and strengthen the standing androle of emerging markets and developing countries inglobal economic governance. We should continue to deepen practical co-operation,vigorously tap our co-operation potential in economy,trade, health and sister-city relationships, and strive forfruitful results of our co-operation in various fields soas to further strengthen the economic and socialfoundation for BRICS co-operation.Over the past 30 years and more since reform and opening-up, China has made remarkableachievements in its development. In the past decade,China imported US$687 billion of goods on averageevery year, creating over 14 million jobs in relatedcountries and regions. In 2010, China achieved a 10.3per cent GDP growth and made an importantcontribution to world economic recovery. This fullyshows that China's development is part of the worlddevelopment and the better China develops, thegreater the contribution it will make to the world.At the same time, we are keenly aware that China hasa large population and a weak economic foundation.Our development is uneven and per capita GDP low.We face considerable resources and environmentalconstraints in pursuing economic development. Morethan 100 million people live below the poverty line setby the UN. All these are our challenges, and we mustmake arduous efforts in order to achieve ourdevelopment goals.The Chinese government formulated and promulgatedthe Outline of the 12th Five-Year Plan not long ago.The Outline sets out the guiding principles, strategicobjectives and major tasks for China's economic andsocial development in the coming five years. We will becommitted to scientific development, and focus onaccelerating the transformation of the economicdevelopment pattern. We will advance economic restructuring at a fasterpace, strengthen capacity for innovation, ensureenergy conservation and emission reduction, anddeepen reform and opening up. We will take greatersteps to protect and improve people's well-being andpromote social equity and justice. We will strive forsustained, steady and relatively fast economicdevelopment, and promote social stability andharmony. We will ensure that our development is forthe people and by the people, and the developmentachievements are shared among the people.I am convinced that a China with a more sustainablemode of development, greater social harmony, betterinstitutions and greater openness will not only bringmore benefits to its 1.3 billion people, but also makegreater contribution to world peace and development.China will continue to advocate peace, developmentand co-operation, and remain committed to theindependent foreign policy of peace, the path ofpeaceful development and the win-win strategy ofopening-up. China welcomes the participation of all countries in its development endeavour. We will sharedevelopment opportunities with other countries, andexpand the dimensions of opening up. We willcontribute to the development of the region and theworld through our development and share prosperitywith people around the world. Let us work together tobuild a harmonious world of lasting peace andcommon prosperity. nThe above remarks were delivered by Hu Jintao,President of the People's Republic of China, at the BRICS Leaders meeting on April 14, 2011 inSanya, China. The meeting was also attended by theBrazilian President Dilma Rousseff, Russian PresidentDmitry Medvedev, Indian Prime Minister ManmohanSingh and South African President Jacob Zuma. Source: Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the People'sRepublic of China: Hu Jintao,President, People'sRepublic of China

© European Union, 2011he European Commission President JoséManuel Barroso discusses two of thepriority growth-enhancing sectors: energyand innovation. On both issues theCommission has put the main building blocks on thetable, says Mr Barroso. We have already adopted the Innovation Flagship, theenergy agenda 2020, our Communication on energyinfrastructure priorities and we will be soon adoptingthe Resources Efficiency Flagship. I see energy policyas the next great European integration project. I seethree priorities on which I would like the EuropeanCouncil to give a push to our proposals. We need toaccelerate the pace of implementation of the internalmarket. I would like the European Council to agree onthe key missing infrastructure links and on how toremove all barriers to a truly European energy market. Let me tell you very frankly that I am unhappy with theprogress made on energy efficiency. While on therenewables we are making a lot of progress and it isnow realistic to think that we are going to fulfil our 20per cent target by 2020, this is not the case for ourtarget on energy efficiency. Since our best source ofenergy is in fact energy efficiency, and also consideringthe prices of energy, I think it is important from allpoints of view to achieve real progress of energyefficiency very soon. I would like to see the EuropeanCouncil agree on concrete measures to reach the 20per cent target by 2020. So I think we should thereforedevelop our future work around five priorities that wehave put forward in our communication: n a strong energy policy as key to competitiveness,sustainable growth and security; n an internal market in energy as an asset; n building the European Union's energy infrastructuren making decisive progress on energy efficiency;n an effective and united European approach interms of external energy policy. Precisely on the external dimension I will be travellingnext week together with Commissioner Oettinger toAzerbaijan and Turkmenistan to push for the SouthernCorridor initiative. I believe that security anddiversification of our energy supplies are one ofEurope's strategic priorities. The other topic for thenext European Council is innovation policy. We allknow that innovation is essential to drive growth andemployment. We need this kind of innovation forEurope's competitiveness. If we really want to bringEurope to the cutting edge on innovation, we need todo much more together. We are either Open forBusiness or Out of Business, depending on the way wedeal with innovation.To make progress, we now need the endorsement of theEuropean Council on our Strategic Approach toInnovation. We particularly need Member State backingfor the "big ticket" items -completing the EuropeanResearch Area by 2014; launching and activating theEuropean Innovation Partnerships, and using PublicProcurement to boost innovation. The EuropeanInnovation Partnerships are one of our most ground-breaking initiatives. We are talking here about tackling amajor societal challenge which has significant marketpotential for European companies. I think it is importantnot only to work on some concrete measures, but todiscuss frankly at European level the best conditions thebest environment for innovation at societal level,because sometimes this is indeed a problem. A pilotPartnership on active and healthy ageing is already upand running, aiming to extend by two years by 2020 theproportion of our lives in which we enjoy good health.The Commission will take account of lessons drawnfrom the pilot project as we consider furtherENHANCING GROWTHTHROUGH ENERGY AND INNOVATION120GLOBAL VOICESTJOSÉ MANUEL DURÃO BARROSO, PRESIDENT, EUROPEAN COMMISSION (EC)