he international community should worktowards common understanding to keepthe climate change negotiatins going andcomplement it with far-reaching greengrowth measures, remarks Patricia Espinosa whileoutlining the key Cancun achievements.Caring for the environment is the sign of our times. It isnot only our responsibility, but also a question ofsurvival, as millions of human beings all over the world are under threat. The protection of theenvironment is a cross-cutting issue that involvesdifferent aspects of our lives, and as a consequence,different government ministries and stakeholders havebeen involved in the negotiations. Last year we witnessed Parties' political will to move towards sustainable development. We wereencouraged by the results of the Conference of theParties to the Convention on Biological Diversity heldin Nagoya in October, and a few weeks later, by thesubstantive outcomes of Cancun. We, of course, didnot have a guarantee that our meetings in Cancunwould be successful. The global response we neededto a global phenomenon was by no means easy toachieve, knowing that beyond technical issues, andeven beyond environmental issues, this questionrequired political leadership and vision. Making difficult decisions is only possible whencollective benefits prevail over individual ones, andlong-term outcomes replace immediate gains. During2010, Mexico saw the need to foster a co-operationatmosphere that should have taken hold well beforethe Cancun conferences began. Flexibility and politicalwill, coupled with pragmatism and a higher level ofambition, were crucial prerequisites for achieving goodresults last December. Allow me, therefore, to present my thoughts on whatwe together achieved in Cancun and on how to buildfrom it onwards. Cancun is the beginning of a new era of internationalco-operation in climate change. It is now time to roll upour sleeves and work hard to ensure that the entitiesand mechanisms created by the Cancun Agreementsare fully operational by Durban. They will pave the wayto a strengthened regime where all countriescontribute their utmost to halt climate change, inaccordance with our common but differentiatedresponsibilities and respective capabilities. During 2010 we used all the tools provided bydiplomacy in order to bring back trust to the climatechange negotiating process. In Cancun, against allodds, the international community achieved a majormilestone: we broke up the inertia, and were able tosurmount the paralysis and reconcile our differences,forging common understandings among almost 200countries. We worked together, governments, civilsociety, private sector, academia and the media. Wemust continue to do so: all of us have a role in fightingclimate change; none of us will succeed alone. Mexico led with responsibility and absolute opennessand transparency the preparatory process during2010. All voices and points of view were heard andtaken into account. The Cancun Agreements representthe work done by all Parties; they are the result of atruly collective effort, and as a consequence,multilateralism and the United Nations werestrengthened. In Cancun we all won. Let me briefly summarise our achievements in Cancunand make some comments on the way we, as Presidentof the Conferences, conceive this year's work. IN CANCUN WE ALL WON036POST-CANCUN REMARKSPATRICIA ESPINOSA CANTELLANO, MINISTER OF FOREIGNRELATIONS OF MEXICO AND PRESIDENT OF COP16/CMP6TPhoto: UN Photo/Paulo Filgueiras
POST-CANCUN REMARKS037Below: The opening high-level segment of the UNClimate ChangeConference (COP16) heldinside the Moon PalaceHotel, in Cancun, Mexicoon 7 December 2010The Cancun Agreements orchestrate a framework forshort- and long-term efforts for mitigation, adaptation,finance and technology. Among others, they reflect: n Our determination to hold the increase of globalaverage temperature below 2°C. We know thateven this goal could lead to extreme situations for many developing countries, so we must work to revise periodically that target, aiming atholding the increase to 1.5°C in the nearestpossible future. n A robust and transparent mitigation package, withquantified economy-wide emission reductiontargets by Annex I Parties and nationallyappropriate mitigation actions, known as NAMAs,by developing country Parties. This packageenvisages a continuous process of review of ourtargets in order to move towards increasing thecollective level of ambition, and encourages thedevelopment of national low-carbon strategies. We should be aware that mitigation commitments oractions already made by developed and developingcountries go well beyond the targets committed underthe Kyoto Protocol. Today, Annex I countries haveannounced their quantified economy-wide emissionreduction targets. But this time, their effort is notisolated. Developing country Parties have also madepublic their NAMAs. It is true that efforts by developingcountries are voluntary in nature and require financialand technological support. However, this collectiveeffort is by itself a breakthrough in the climate regime,and demonstrates the engagement of all countries in the fight against climate change, reminding us that only by acting together we will achieve ourambitious goals. The Cancun Agreements also define a solidinstitutional architecture to support developingcountries' actions: n The REDD+ mechanism aims at encouragingspecific activities in order to slow, halt and?