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ise people say that the path begins with acrossroads. Cancun was an importantcrossroads for the intergovernmentalclimate change process -a crossroads atwhich the world chose and agreed to take an importantstep towards a climate-safe world. Now, the international community, including NGOs, need to move on from the crossroads and begin walking purposefully down the path that will both solidify the Cancun Agreements - and lead to their implementation. SO WHAT HAS HAPPENED SINCECANCUN, AND WHAT NEEDS TOHAPPEN GOING FORWARD? Cancun set in motion the design and construction ofthe "infrastructure for implementation" needed forstepped-up action on climate change. In line withtimelines agreed in Cancun, the design andconstruction need to be taken forward this year foreach of the following: The Adaptation Committee, which will boost co-operation to help developing countries protectthemselves from climate change impacts. Thesecretariat has already received a significant numberof proposals from countries on possible modalitiesand procedures for the committee, representing asolid basis for work. During this year, governments will discuss andlaunch the Technology Mechanism, which willfacilitate international co-operation on technologyfor mitigation and adaptation. A workshop to gatherviews on how to move forward is scheduled for Aprilin Bangkok with the participation of NGOs. The Green Climate Fund. The TransitionalCommittee that will design the fund is currentlybeing constituted and will meet in Mexico on 28-29April. Governments will discuss the functions of thepermanent Board. As you know, Cancun also achieved progress on theevolving mitigation framework. The mitigation targetsand actions submitted in 2010 have been officialised,but need to be understood in greater detail. As a result, the first round of the mitigation workshopsfor developed and developing countries called for inCancun, which aim to increase this understanding, willalso be held in conjunction with the Bangkok session. Additionally, work has begun on the design of the registry, which will assist countries in matching financial and technology support with nationally appropriate mitigation actions bydeveloping countries. Yet the mere existence of an international agreementdoes not in and of itself drive real action. Rather, policies are needed at the national and sub-national levels that work in tandem withinternational policy. This is the only way that theimplementability of international policy can beensured in a way that responds to national needs and communities. In this sense, the Cancun Agreements offer importantincentives to develop national policies. And within this, stakeholders have a key role to play indriving action. IMPLEMENTING THE CANCUN AGREEMENTS040POST-CANCUN REMARKSCHRISTIANA FIGUERES, EXECUTIVE SECRETARY, UNITED NATIONS FRAMEWORK CONVENTION ON CLIMATE CHANGE (UNFCCC)W

" "SOONER ORLATER, ALL BUSINESSES WILLHAVE TO CLIMATE-PROOF THEIR OPERATIONS,FROM SUPPLY-CHAIN TO POINT OFSALE, FROM PLACEOF PRODUCTIONTO PLACE OF INVESTMENTPOST-CANCUN REMARKS041Right: ChristianaFigueres, ExecutiveSecretary, UNFCCCIN TERMS OF ADAPTATION, NATIONALPOLICY EFFORTS ARE STILL IN THEIRINFANCY, ALTHOUGH THEY AREURGENTLY NEEDEDTo date and in response to international efforts, manynational initiatives have focused on identifyingadaptation needs, but little real implementation hastaken place. For the development of adaptation policies and theirimplementation, local initiatives can provide valuableinput. Additionally, businesses need to become a keydriver of adaptation action. Sooner or later, allbusinesses will have to climate-proof their operations,from supply-chain to point of sale, from place ofproduction to place of investment. IN TERMS OF MITIGATION, NATIONALPOLICY EFFORTS ARE MOREADVANCED The process of crafting low-carbon national policiesthat can work in tandem with international policy has already begun. This is encouraging because the2°C temperature limit and envisioned low-carbongrowth in the Cancun Agreements will be impossible toachieve without significantly scaling up the use ofrenewable energies. Private sector investments into renewables havesteadily increased by leaps and bounds since 2007 -but more is needed. Nationally appropriate mitigation actions in developingcountries can hold major investment opportunities. For example, a NAMA for rural electrification couldattract critical investments from renewable energy companies, provided that the appropriateincentives exist. Incentivising investments in NAMAs will contributetowards their full implementation to the benefit ofmillions of rural people. In this context, it is importantto coordinate policies with private sector initiatives. In conclusion, allow me to state quite frankly thatimplementing the Cancun Agreements to the full willbe impossible without the active involvement ofstakeholders from every walk of life. nThis is an edited version of an address delivered by Christiana Figueres, Executive Secretary of theUnited Nations Framework Convention on ClimateChange, at the Stakeholder Dialogue "Implementingthe Cancun Agreements" meeting in Mexico City on22 March 2011.For more information visit: unfccc.int.