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NUCLEAR ENERGY077Below: UN Secretary-General Ban Ki-Moon(left) meets DrManmohan Singh (right)at Nuclear Summit inWashington DCRight:Diversifying energy mix will have to be certified by the Indian regulatoryauthority and meet its safety standards. This will applyequally to reactors and technologies that are importedfrom abroad. We will strengthen the Atomic Energy RegulatoryBoard and make it a truly autonomous andindependent regulatory authority. We will ensure that itis of the highest and the best international standards. Our nuclear scientists and technologists are second tonone. Your record proves that you have always risen tothe challenge. I am confident that you will attain newheights of excellence for the welfare and benefit of ourcountry. In this, you will have the full support of the government. nThe above remarks were delivered by Dr ManmohanSingh on the occasion of the conferment of theDepartment of Atomic Energy's Lifetime AchievementAwards 2009 in New Delhi on 29 March, 2011

" "AS JAPAN SUFFERS THE ADDITIONALTRAUMA OF ENERGY SHORTAGES, WEARE REMINDEDTHAT IT IS NOT A SIMPLE ANSWER OF JUST SWITCHINGOFF THE NUCLEARPOWER SUPPLYhese are times of great uncertainty andemotion for nuclear energy. Whilstacknowledging the magnitude of thecurrent situation, we should not jump toconclusions with regards to the future of nuclear power. The world is holding its breath, watching for the latestnews from Japan, and hoping that somehow there willbe a "happy ending" to what has become thenightmare of an entire nation. Japan is struggling witha triple tragedy: the earthquake, the tsunami and thenuclear accidents. We recognise their sacrifice, as wellas the courage and dignity of the victims. We areconfident that Japan, as a great nation, willundoubtedly recover from this ordeal, but we want toexpress our full support and sympathy to its people andgovernment during these difficult times.We in the wider energy community also share in theanguish and admire the courage of the experts,engineers, men and women who are relentlesslyfighting against the catastrophe at Fukushima. Bravepeople are putting their lives in danger to avert agreater tragedy. With the incident at Fukushima nowbeing given the level 7 rating, there will be much tolearn from their experiences during these most testingof circumstances.This event dramatically reminds us that the worldneeds a range of energy sources to sustain our globaleconomic development. Energy demand is expected todouble by 2050 and we will need to half our emissionsin the same time window. It is only with a balance of supply that we will be ableto enhance national wellbeing, fight poverty, addressclimate change and meet this target. As Japan suffersthe additional trauma of energy shortages, we areINTERNATIONAL GOVERNANCE OF NUCLEAR SAFETY: THE WAY TO RESTORE CONFIDENCE IN NUCLEARPOWER AND ENSURE THESECTOR'S SURVIVAL078NUCLEAR ENERGYPIERRE GADONNEIX, CHAIRMAN, WORLD ENERGY COUNCIL (WEC)Treminded that it is not a simple answer of justswitching off the nuclear power supply.One year after the accident at the oil platform in theGulf of Mexico, we recognise that all sources of energycome with a certain level of inherent risk. Be it coalmining, oil drilling, unconventional gas extraction, ordams, our efforts must now be combined to enhancesafety and the protection of our environment. We needto further improve the way we exploit our existingsources of energy and increase our drive to find anddevelop new, safe and clean sources. As we move forward we must look deeply and franklyinto the question of safety systems and how nuclearpower is organised worldwide.The current situation where national bodies look toadminister internationally proscribed safety guidelinesallows for too much variance between countries. Weneed to foster stronger national bodies which areindependent, transparent, and competent safetyauthorities staffed with highly skilled experts who havethe trust of the public. These authorities should also beentrusted with real power to investigate, control andultimately halt the operation of a unit, a whole plant oreven development of a future plant. In the short term, this will require regular and effectiveco-ordination between the national authorities, tomake safety not an issue for competition but rather anissue for co-operation. In the longer term, we need to promote a trulyinternational level of governance with a unique agencyor authority given the power to arbitrate. We alreadyhave the means to make great steps forward toenhance and improve safety on a continuous basis.