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Pictured above: Child on Dad's backRight: Road lights - China" Political leadership in China has driven the country from non-player to world-leader in creating economic value from clean technologies "their payments to James Watt, convinced his technology would not be successful. By 1906, the nascent aviation community in Europe managed to turn the press against the Wright brothers, calling them "bluffers". Even Edison could not convince the scientific establishment that he had successfully developed an electric source of light. A professor who lived nearby refused invitation to a demonstration in 1879, writing instead that Edison's experiments were "a conspicuous failure" and a "fraud upon the public." In order to catalyse real systemic change, these innovators - in essence the heralds of a new age - had to exhibit resolute, steadfast commitment - but not only that: Pioneering new systems involves winning over communal peers, publicising successful developments, highlighting the benefits and explaining their vision for the future. When innovators successfully bring on board the leaders of a community, it provokes a tipping point; a moment when a new idea or technology moves from the margins and becomes mainstream. This happens when other influential leaders within a community get behind the idea. Where those people lead, the rest will follow. Change becomes unstoppable. So, change cannot simply be the outcome of an isolated technological innovation. Transformational change is driven through a diverse, interdependent community of leaders and decision makers. New technologies are often borne through scientists and engineers working in large scientific communities. For these technologies to flourish, political leaders must create institutions and policy frameworks which foster the best and brightest ideas and support their development. In addition, entrepreneurs must pioneer new business models, taking advantage of political support for the best technologies, and bringing new systems and products to the masses. The light bulb might have remained a scientific curiosity if Edison had not driven the commercialisation of the product by creating the Edison Electric Light Company, the first electrical power distribution company. A diverse set of mutually reinforcing leaders, whether disruptive innovators, political decision makers or business leaders, characterise the body of influence needed to inspire revolutionary change.We are now on the cusp of a new tipping point, where a Clean Revolution can drive us towards a low-carbon economy based on clean technologies and efficient resource use. Pioneers of the Clean Revolution are already driving transformative change. Business and government leaders are increasingly putting in place the necessary initiatives and policy frameworks that will reduce emissions whilst creating jobs, making profits and supporting economic growth through clean energy and smart technologies. These leaders of low-carbon transformation are inspiring and supporting systemic improvements across the globe. The benefits of these improvements are clear to see. Solar, wind and other emerging innovations in energy generation have catalysed extraordinary growth in clean energy markets. This has prompted a proliferation of clean energy enterprises who are capitalising on the long-term financial opportunities accrued from renewable energy production. Energy efficient lighting could reduce energy consumption in the lighting sector by 40 per cent worldwide, saving 670 million tons of CO2 emissions a year and an estimated 130 billion euros in running costs. Companies like Philips, global lighting manufacturer and partner of The Climate Group, are emulating earlier industrial innovators, seizing upon the opportunity to create economic opportunity out of low-carbon transformations. Growing markets in energy efficiency and clean energy have been boosted by supportive policy. Low-carbon incentives have enabled sub-national states like South Australia to increase wind power capacity from less than 1 per cent to 26 per cent in the last five years, driving wholesale electricity prices to their lowest level for more than a decade and emissions down 15 per cent, while inducing the state's strongest ever employment and economic growth. Political leadership in China has driven the country from non-player to world-leader in creating economic value from clean technologies. Chinese investments of US$912 billion in clean energy and environmental protection will create 10.6 million jobs, boost GDP by $1.3 trillion and drive an additional $220 billion in energy savings. We have the technology. We have pockets of outstanding business and governmental leadership. Together with other drivers, such as resource scarcity and consumer demand, the transition to a low-carbon economy is looking increasingly inevitable. But timing and scale remain key issues. The science dictates that this transition must occur at a vastly quicker rate than business as usual. Unlike the organic waves of revolutionary transformations in the past, it is clear that the Clean Revolution's transition needs to be quicker, ambitions greater, and actions stronger. The scale of transformational change requires something bigger, beyond a few standout leaders. Leadership must shift from the margins and into the mainstream, progress from the extra-ordinary into the ordinary. At The Climate Group, we believe that this shift can be achieved by building a network of super-connectors, innovators and early-adopters from business, government and civil society. Armed with a positive, compelling vision of the future, acting as champions for today's low-carbon successes, and committed to their own transformational initiatives, these Clean Revolution leaders have the power to change perceptions and create the necessary tipping points in global opinion and action that the world requires. 102 inNOVATION TECHNOLOGY

Rio provides the perfect moment for launching this Revolution. By doing so we can kick start the accelerated transition to the green economies we need for a sustainable and prosperous 21st Century. In Rio, we will be reaching out to governments, business leaders and opinion-makers to develop this vision and make it happen. We will be seeking commitments and practical solutions from our private and public sector partners. We will be highlighting those that are already leading and discussing how we can scale-up these efforts. We will work with our partners, including the UN Global Compact and the World Bank, to begin laying the foundations for a smarter, better, more prosperous future for all. The Clean Revolution is not one of our options. It is our only option. It is very much achievable. It is indeed inevitable. We have the requisite technical knowledge and institutional capacity to achieve the transition to a low-carbon economy within the narrowing time constraints we face. We can reduce emissions and at the same time meet growing energy demands. And we can do this in a way that will support economic growth, create jobs and enhance social conditions across the globe. Underpinned by innovative leadership, The Clean Revolution provides a positive and inspiring vision of tomorrow while answering the economic and political imperatives of today. In order to expand the Clean Revolution Campaign we will need all the support we can get. See how you can follow and share its inspirational story by visiting, following @ClimateGroup on Twitter and using the #CleanRevolution hashtag. nABOUT THE AUTHORMark Kenber is the CEO of The Climate Group. He has worked on climate change for sixteen years and is an expert on international climate policy. Mr Kenber has been instrumental in developing The Climate Group's programmes in India and China, and directed ground-breaking international projects with the finance, energy, technology and aviation sectors.Mr Kenber advised former UK Prime Minister Tony Blair in the joint policy initiative Breaking the Climate Deadlock (2008-2009), which produced a series of high-level reports outlining the economic and technological rationale for a global climate deal and its key components. He is also a carbon markets expert and co-founded the Verified Carbon Standard, now the most popular kitemark for the US$400 million voluntary market.Previously, Mr Kenber was Senior Policy Officer for WWF's International Climate Change Programme, where he led the creation of the CDM Gold Standard.inNOVATION TECHNOLOGY 103