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" commercial wind power is now deployed in more than 75 countries around the world"international financial institutions, the IPCC and now the new International Renewable Energy Agency (IRENA), GWEC represents the global wind industry to show how far we've come, but also to advocate new policies to help wind power reach its full potential in as wide a variety of markets as possible.In the climate context, wind power benefited significantly from the Kyoto Protocol's market mechanisms: particularly the Clean Development Mechanism, and particularly in China and India, but also to a lesser extent in Brazil, Mexico, Egypt and Morocco among others. But uncertainly now shrouds the future of the CDM, even if it seems that the Kyoto Protocol will survive in some form, the once-burgeoning carbon market has now flagged, awaiting new political stimulus. In the years preceding Copenhagen, we worked hard with a variety of partners to improve and enhance the effectiveness of the carbon market to stimulate investment in wind and other clean energy technologies, waiting for a sign from governments. We had hoped for that sign in Copenhagen, in Cancun, and then again in Durban; and while there was a breakthrough of sorts in Durban, by and large we are still waiting. Governments regularly pay lip service to the fact that it is the private sector that is going to have to supply the majority of the finance necessary to meet our climate protection goals, and this fact is all the more clear as budgets are slashed across the OECD and economies teeter on the brink of insolvency. But when they get together to negotiate on climate, they tend to focus primarily on what they as governments can do on their own, rather than what they as governments should do to create the legal framework and enabling environment to drive private investment towards clean energy technologies such as wind power and some of the other rapidly maturing members of the renewable energy family. The Kyoto Protocol's carbon market, though far from perfect, was a good start, and was beginning to show significant promise. Until and unless someone comes up with something better, we would urge negotiators to build on and improve what has worked to date, which in the end must be driven by legally binding emissions reduction obligations. This is, after all, what the climate needs to stabilise at anything like the 2°C target which has now been universally adopted. We have the technology to decarbonise the electricity sector by 2050, and with the right policy frameworks, the finance is available from the private sector and national, regional and multilateral financial institutions. If governments could get that right, then they could get down to the really difficult business of solving the (unfortunately) many other pieces of the climate problem which does, in fact, require their direct intervention. nABOUT THE AUTHORSteve Sawyer, Secretary-General of GWEC, has worked in the energy and environment field since 1978, with a particular focus on climate change and renewable energy. Mr Sawyer spent 30 years working for Greenpeace as CEO of both Greenpeace USA and Greenpeace International and served as Head of Delegation to Kyoto Protocol negotiations on climate change. Mr Sawyer is a founding member of REN21 and was also an expert reviewer for the IPCC's Working Group 3.Right: Pie Chart showing the Top 10 New Installed Capacity Jan-Dec 2011renewable energy 059

Coal: Cleaner Energy for All T here are currently 1.3 billion people across the globe that lack access to modern electricity. The world needs to come together to address this major challenge. All energy sources have a role to play in delivering energy to those who need it, but coal will be front and centre in solving the energy poverty crisis.At a recent speech the International Energy Agency's Chief Economist, Dr Fatih Birol, described coal as "the forgotten fuel". In the context of 20 years of debates about addressing climate change and calls to reduce the use of the world's fossil fuels, 2010 saw coal's share in global energy consumption at its highest level since 1970. According to the IEA's 2011 World Energy Outlook (WEO) "coal unquestionably won the energy race in the first decade of the 21st century" matching all other energy sources combined in providing incremental electricity supply. In the last 30 years worldwide coal consumption has increased from 3.7 billion tons per year to an amount approaching 8 billion tons per year today. This is explosive growth indeed and the past will be prologue. The fact is that coal is the world's second largest source of primary energy and largest supplier of electricity - about 40 per cent of global electricity generation comes from coal. Even in the face of action on climate change, coal's role is forecast " improving the efficiency of coal-fired power generation is among the cheapest and easiest ways to reduce CO2 emissions "Fredrick D. Palmer, Chairman, World Coal Association (WCA)Milton Catelin, Chief Executive, World Coal Association (WCA)Siemens Press Picture060 clean coal technologyFigure 1: Incremental world primary energy demand by fuel, 2000 - 2010