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can also contribute to climate change adaptation and create opportunities for mitigating climate change through carbon capture in biomass and soils. When REDD+ is structured to promote sustainable development, it can play a key role in achieving broader development goals for improved livelihoods, mitigating climate change and providing a valuable platform for countries to share lessons and access new knowledge in a way that reflects each country context. Through the implementation of REDD+ activities, the UN-REDD Programme continues to bring together the expertise and experience of the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO), the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) and the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) to help countries prepare for REDD+ through the "One UN" delivery approach. The emerging lessons of this approach are potentially valuable to the UN system in supporting sustainable development efforts. Building on the valuable lessons emerging from REDD+, let us support world leaders to emerge from the upcoming Rio+ 20 conference with a renewed global commitment to sustainable development that recognises the life-sustaining multiple benefits forests provide. n About the AuthorDr Yemi Katerere is the Head of the UN-REDD Programme Secretariat based in Geneva. Previously, Dr Katerere was the Deputy Director General of CIFOR, based in Indonesia, and CEO of Zimbabwe's Forestry Commission. Dr. Katerere holds a PhD in Forest Resources from the University of Idaho and has published extensively. In recognition of his contribution to forestry and development, Dr Katerere was awarded the Commonwealth Queen's Award in 1993. " there is great potential for synergy between REDD+ and goals such as food security, the establishment and clarification of tenure rights for local communities and Indigenous Peoples, and concepts of equity"FORESTS 079

REDD as a Catalyst to Drive Sustainable Land UseF orests are the lifeline of our civilisation, especially in the tropics. Tropical forests contain over half of the world's terrestrial biodiversity. They provide vital ecosys-tem services that sustain climate, water, food and energy security as well as human health and liveli-hoods from villages to mega cities. But these services have so far been unrewarded in policy and financial frameworks, making tropical forests worth more dead than alive.The annual value of services provided by forests is beyond price. It is time we implemented mechanisms that woud protect forests and reward them for their exstensive ecosystem services. One such mechanism is REDD (reduced emissions from deforestation and forest degradation) which has been discussed and de-signed over the past few years. It is a promising mech-anism that could provide substantial funding needed to protect threatend forests. But key questions to cre-ate a functioning REDD system remain: How to fi-nance it? What level of social and environmental safe-guards are appropriate and how should they be checked? How to set forest emissions reference levels, and how to proof the resulting actions to cut emis-sions?COP17 in Durban has left the forest carbon sector, hoping for significant progress towards an operational global REDD mechanism, with mixed results. A sec-ond commitment period for the Kyoto Protocol has been agreed to start from 2013, buying time whilst a wider agreement is negotiated. This agreement on a new treaty can be seen as the policy win. For the first time, all countries including the big developing coun-try emitters China and India have signed up to deliver an agreement binding them to reduce their emissions.This matters for forests. An overarching global cli-mate agreement is needed to create the demand at scale for REDD assets. The scope for emissions re-duction from preserving and restoring forests within the overall global mitigation effort depends on deliv-ering such a treaty, scheduled to be finalised by 2015 and take effect in 2020. Only this would deliver firm reduction targets for countries and the role for REDD credits in meeting those targets. But, big question-marks remain as to how exactly REDD would fit into such an umbrella treaty - a situation which will cause uncertainty for investors and project developers for several years.Regarding REDD progress specifically, many of the technical challenges to implementing a robust REDD system are steadily being resolved, according to one of the most respected organisation in this sector - the Center for International Forestry Research (CI-FOR). However, good work towards appropriate safe-guards for forest communities has been undermined with a weak agreement on reporting safeguards per-formance, whilst the major issue of financing was ef-fectively set back another year. All funding options remain on the table including markets and private capital. Without their contribution funding will not scale to the billions needed every year to curb defor-estation within two decades. Realistically, what is hap-pening under the UNFCCC is far from what is needed to keep global warming below the 2 degree limit that science calls for, and it could be well 2020 before REDD is fully operating. So what should we do?REDD has political momentum, funds, an emerging structure and a lot of projects already on the ground. Waiting for an agreement under the UN to save for-ests in time rather seems futile. We cannot watch forests being destroyed for another decade. So the real challenge is to find a way to accelerate funding Pictured: Alexander Zang, Michael SahmAlexander Zang, Executive Board Member, Forest Carbon Group AG Michael Sahm, Director, Public Relations, Forest Carbon Group AG080 FORESTS