LITHUANIA A NEW DISCOVERY victory and since then Siauliai is called the City of Sun. The worship of the sun is clearly visible in the city - Siauliai Cathedral is a Renaissance masterpiece and the proud owner of the highest tower in Lithuania. It shelters the magic sundial The rst mention of Siauliai town in historical chronicles was after the Battle of the Sun in 1236 when the Livonian Order was defeated by the long- established local Lithuanian community. The legend tells that warriors took the sun as the ³ ag of SIAULIAI
HILL OF CROSSES which unstoppably calculates the time, checking it with another clock - Lithuania's biggest symbol in Sundial Square. The gilded statue of sun boy - the Shooter blends the origins of Siauliai's name, which traditionally derives from Lithuanian saulys ( archer) or saule ( sun). Today Siauliai is the 4th largest city in Lithuania and is an important economic, cultural and scienti c centre. Various attractions and places draw many curious visitors keen to discover unique the Bicycle or Cat Museums among the twenty others in the city. The oldest brewery in Lithuania " Gubernija", founded in 1665, o ? ers popular beer-tasting excursions. However, the most visited place is The Hill of Crosses, located 12 km away from Siauliai City. More information: www. tic. siauliai. lt Surrounded with legends, destroyed and devastated many times, the Hill of Crosses became a symbol of committed faith and hope of Lithuanians and pilgrims. Thousands of crosses brought to the Hill from all over the world turned this sacred place into a church under the open sky - a place of contemplation and prayers, meetings and fruition. Traditional Lithuanian crosses deserve such respect. UNESCO has undertaken the protection of Lithuanian manufacture of crosses and symbols of crosses together with another 18 masterpieces of material and verbal heritage of humankind. Upon visiting the Hill of Crosses in 1993 Pope John Paul II said: " You must show your Hill of Crosses to all of Europe, to the whole world". And we follow his precept. Today, the Hill of Crosses has become one of the most popular places to visit in Lithuania.