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Margaret, Duchess of Portland; the17th-century master of horsemanship,William Cavendish, Duke of Newcastle;and the reclusive fifth Duke, associatedwith Welbeck's extraordinary maze oftunnels, have all featured.This year, the Treasury is dominatedby a huge painting of the Countess ofPortland taking tea. In the painting, sheis surrounded by her many children andtheir spouses in a baroque interior,perhaps at Kensington Palace where thePortland family had apartments. Signedby Charles Phillips and dated 1732, thiswell-connected group includes LadyMary Grey; William, first Count Bentinck;Lady Barbara Godolphin; William, fourthLord Berkeley of Stratton; and the HonCharles John Bentinck. Another branch of this famous family,the Harleys, is linked to the Chinese-style silver tea table displayed nearby. Itis engraved with the arms of EdwardHarley, created second Earl of Oxford in1724. It bears no hallmarks, but aLondon silversmith -Edward Holadaywho died in 1719 -has struck hismaster's mark, so the arms must be alater addition. Edward Harley's daughterMargaret married William Bentinck,second Duke of Portland, and becamefamous as the collecting Duchess, apatron of Captain Cook, and eventuallyowner of the Portland Vase. Her greatfriend Mrs Delaney, celebrated in anexhibition at the Soane Museum (seeWhat's On, page 14), shared herenthusiasms and one can imagine thetwo women enjoying delicate 'triffles' or'floating islands' -desserts included inthe Duchess's recipe book and servedon her Chelsea leaf dishes (bothfeatured in the show). Another silver rarity is a massivefountain made in 1680 by the Dutchcourt goldsmith Adam Loofs for thevictorious William of Orange as a thankyou offering for leading the Dutchagainst the French. It was later crownedwith the Cavendish crest. Its route toWelbeck was indirect. Presumably,William III sent it to the Jewel House atthe Tower when he became jointmonarch with Mary Stuart. By custom,royal servants were issued with silver forofficial use and could retain it onretirement. Although Robert Harley wasimprisoned in the Tower under theHanoverians, he retained much of the9,000oz of buffet, table and fireplacesilver he had received as Speaker of theHARLEY GALLERY24NADFAS REVIEW / SPRING