38OLYMPIC REVIEWwww.olympic.orgRESPECT FOR THE OLYMPIC TRUCEOne of the Fundamental Principles of Olympism is toplace sport at the service of the harmoniousdevelopment of man, with a view to promoting apeaceful society concerned with the preservation ofhuman dignity. This principle has always stood as acornerstone of the modern Olympic Movement. It has its genesis in the Olympic Truce, a custom thatwas an integral part of the ancient Olympic Games history, persisting simply by virtue of its sheer moral authority. Coubertin was moved by thepower of this moral tradition and believed the modernOlympic Movement should serve the cause of peace,both within individual nations and at the international level.Given the global political reality in which sport and the Olympic Games exist, the Olympic Movement actively pursues the goals of protecting theinterests of the athletes and sport in general, andcontributing to the search for peaceful and diplomaticAboveThe doveis a symbol ofpeace, a causethe IOC strives to furtherthrough sportOLYMPIC VALUES
www.olympic.orgOLYMPIC REVIEW39OLYMPIC VALUESsolutions to conflicts around the world. Today, theOlympic Movement - primarily through theInternational Olympic Truce Foundation - strives to further the cause of peace by:?Encouraging political leaders to act in favour of peace, and creating opportunities for dialogue, reconciliation and the prevention and resolution of conflicts.?Organising regional and international conferences on sport and peace.?Mobilising young people for the promotion of the Olympic ideals.?Developing initiatives with other organisations specialising in the field of peace, including the United Nations.?Developing educational and research programmes, and launching communications campaigns to promote the Olympic Truce and international understanding.The universal value of friendship clearly is apparent in the Olympic Movement's many efforts topromote a world of peace, understanding andcollaboration. This value is brought to life throughprinciples of humanism and universality. Independenceis also key to the Olympic Movement's success in itspeace and sport initiatives. The Olympic Movementdraws much of its moral strength from the fact that itseparates itself from any religious, economic orpolitical influence. This independence allows theMovement to enjoy a presence that is non-threateningand unbiased. As Raymond Gafner (former IOCmember and President of the Swiss OlympicCommittee) put it, "By throwing a bridge overcontinents, by standing above differences of race,social regime, or political system, . [the OlympicMovement] can bring hope and togetherness to aworld so often and so deeply torn apart."PROMOTION OF CULTUREAND OLYMPIC EDUCATIONCoubertin's primary goal in reviving the ancient Olympic Games in a modern form was academic. He founded the Olympic Movement as an educational movement, believing that sport contributedto the harmonious and well-balanced development ofthe body, the character and the mind. The challenge -and opportunity - for the Olympic Movement is tomake the education of young people through sport asrelevant today as it was over 100 years ago. In developing its culture and Olympic educationagenda, the Olympic Movement has strived tocontribute to the creation of a peaceful and betterworld by educating young people through sport. When practised without discrimination and in the spiritof friendship, solidarity and fair play emerge. To advance the mission of culture and Olympiceducation on a worldwide basis, the OlympicMovement continues to:?Establish policies to guide the funding and promotion of culture and Olympic education at national, regional and international levels, and particularly at the Olympic Games. ?Develop links between sport and culture in all itsforms and encourage cultural exchange. ?Promote Olympic education through a number of activities and initiatives carried out by the IOC, the Olympic Museum, universities and the International Olympic Academy, which attracts students from around the world to study the educational and social principles of Olympism.With these and many other activities, the OlympicMovement carries out one of its most important social responsibilities: demonstrating how sportengenders respect for ourselves and others, provides a model for excellent effort, and createscommon ground for friendship and peace. These corevalues are brought to life through the principles ofhumanism, universality and the alliance between sport,education and culture.ORGANISATION OF THEOLYMPIC GAMESWithout a doubt, the most visible expression of theOlympic Movement's core values is apparent to the worldduring the presentation of the Games of the Olympiadand the Olympic Winter Games. The Olympic Games aremore than metres and medals. They are magic - for allwho witness or partake. Examples of excellence, friendship and respect are on full and constant display,from the pageantry of the opening, closing and medalsceremonies to the high-calibre competition that calls forindividuals and teams to give their very best. To ensure that the Olympic values flourish duringthe Olympic Games, the Olympic Movement applies allits principles in equal measure. Universality.Humanism. Non-discrimination. Solidarity.Sustainability. The alliance between sport, educationand culture and the environment. These principlesdictate the full expression of excellence, friendship andrespect allow these values to transcend the playingfields to reinforce the humanity in each of us. In thecontext of the Olympic Games, the values andprinciples come together to position sport as a modelfor humanity. Above all, they show us what is possiblewhen the world unites as a single society to witnessthe fulfilment of the human potential and celebratehuman esteem on a global stage. ?THE PRINCIPLES OF OLYMPISMThe principles of Olympism, described below, amplify the Olympic values and allow them to beexpressed in a way that drives far-reaching social change.?Non-Discrimination.The Olympic Movement strives to ensure that sport is practised without any form of discrimination whatsoever. ?Sustainability.The Olympic Movement organises and delivers programmes in a way that promotes sustainable economic, social and environmental development. ?Humanism.The Olympic Movement's activities place human beings at the centre of its attention, ensuring that the practice of sport remains a human right.?Universality. Sport belongs to everyone. In all its decisions and actions, the Olympic Movement takes into account the universal impact sport can have on individuals and society. ?Solidarity. The Olympic Movement is committed to developing programmes that, together, create a meaningful and comprehensive social response to issues within its sphere of influence.?Alliance between sport, education and culture.The Olympic Movement is committed to promotingthe spirit of Olympism, which emerges at the convergence of sport, culture and education.