At its meetings from 28 to 30 April, the IOCExecutive Board decidedto withdraw the medalsand diplomas won byChinese gymnast Dong Fangxiao at the Sydney Games in 2000. The ExecutiveBoard is following thedecision taken by theInternational GymnasticsFederation (FIG) lastFebruary to cancel allthe results obtained bythis gymnast as aconsequence of violatingthe FIG Statutes andRegulations. Furthermore, the IOCannounced that Polish cross-countryskier Kornelia Marekhad committed an Anti-Doping Rulesviolation at the 2010Olympic Winter Gamesin Vancouver. The IOC DisciplinaryCommission set up tostudy this case issuedsanctions against thisathlete. The EB meetsnext in Lausanne on 22and 23 June and willselect the CandidateCities for hosting theOlympic Winter Gamesin 2018. The currentApplicant Cities are:Munich (Germany),Annecy (France), andPyeongChang (Republicof Korea). (Cities arelisted in the order ofdrawing of lots.)WORLD TROPHYERICA TERPSTRA(THE NETHERLANDS) Her courage, personality and dedication to thecause of women make Erica Terpstra a role modelfor many women in the world. Twice an Olympicswimming medallist, participating in Rome in 1960and Tokyo in 1964, her term of office as Presidentof the Netherlands Olympic Committee has justcome to an end. She has also been a boardmember of the Olympic Truce Foundation and amember of the Executive Committee of theEuropean Olympic Committees. Throughout hercareer, Ms Terpstra has supported initiativestargeting disadvantaged communities and peoplewith disabilities in and outside the Netherlands, and she has always highlighted the challenges andachievements of girls and women in particular.AFRICAGERMAINE MANGUET(GUINEA)Few people have made agreater recent contribution to the cause of women inAfrican sport than GermaineManguet, Chairperson of the Women and SportCommission of the NOC ofGuinea and Vice-President of the GuineanVolleyball Federation. As Minister of SocialAffairs and Promotion of Women and Children of Guinea in 2008 and in 2009, she played animportant role in the promotion of women.AMERICASLESLIE MCDONALD(CANADA) Leslie McDonald, Honorary President of the International TriathlonUnion (ITU), was the drivingforce behind the introductionof triathlon to the OlympicGames, but his tirelessefforts on behalf of women in triathlon are lesswell documented. In 1975, after his daughterwas denied entry to a race, McDonald created a10km race in Vancouver exclusively for women.He established the first triathlon in Canada tohave equal rewards for men and women, whichis a fundamental principle of the ITU today.ASIAYUKO ARIMORI (JAPAN)Yuko Arimori became the first Japanese woman to winan Olympic track and fieldmedal for 64 years when shefinished second in the 1992marathon. She won bronzefour years later, and sincethen she has campaigned ceaselessly forwomen in sport. Among other projects, she isfounder and director of Hearts of Gold, an NGOthat assists victims of disasters and helps peoplein war-torn areas become self-sufficient.EUROPEGRETE WAITZ (NORWAY)Grete Waitz is a marathonWorld Championship goldmedallist, as well as being awinner of the New YorkMarathon nine times. Hercontribution to women's sportsince those days is no lessimpressive. A board member of the NorwegianNOC, she founded the Grete Waitz Run in Oslo forwomen and girls, and is Chairperson of the NewYork Road Runners Foundation, which facilitatesphysical activity for schoolgirls and boys.OCEANIASUSAN SIMCOCK (NEW ZEALAND)Known as the "Queen ofSport" in New Zealand, SusieSimcock was the first womanto be elected President of theWorld Squash Federation(WSF) and the first to beelected as a council memberof the General Association of International SportsFederations, known today as SportAccord. She isalso Chairperson of the Women and SportCommittee for the New Zealand NOC.2010WOMENAND SPORTAWARDSOLYMPIC REVIEW11EXECUTIVEBOARDThe 2010 IOC Women and Sport Awards falling on Olympic Day on 23 June could hardly be moreappropriate. Olympic Day was introduced in 1948 to commemorate the birth of the modern OlympicGames, on 23 June 1894. Its aim is to promote participation in sport across the globe, regardless ofage, athletic ability or gender, and these awards are testament to how far the Olympic Movement hascome since then in the field of gender equality. This year, more than 40 per cent of the athletes takingpart in Vancouver 2010 were women, a new record for women's participation in the Olympic WinterGames. Last year, women's boxing was added to the Olympic programme for London 2012, making all summer Olympic sports now open to both men and women.
The IOC OlympicStudies Centre (OSC)has launched the 2011Postgraduate ResearchGrant Programmeintended for youngresearchers engaged inscholarly research onthe Olympic Movement,its history and ideals,and the impact of theOlympic Games on thevarious aspects of con-temporary society andculture. The objectivesof this programme areto encourage youngresearchers to under-take research with ahumanities or socialsciences perspectiveon the Olympic phe-nomena, to promotethe use of the IOC'swritten and audiovisualassets and to encour-age exchanges of infor-mation and interculturalnetworking of youngresearchers. All currentpostgraduate studentsundertaking a PhDdegree and all universi-ty professors/lecturerswho have completedtheir doctorate orequivalent terminaldegree in the past fiveyears and who current-ly hold an academicappointment can apply.Applications should besent to the OSC byemail (firstname.lastname@example.org) ormail before 30 Sept. The IOC has opened a new sports complex inLusaka, Zambia, in the presence of IOC PresidentJacques Rogge, the President of the Republic ofZambia, Rupiah Banda, and some 2,000 people,including 600 youngsters who used the state-of-the-art facilities for the first time.The Olympic Youth Development Centre inLusaka is the first of its kind. Its main purpose is to help enhance sports development in Zambiaby offering sports competitions and trainingfacilities, but it will also provide a wide range ofeducational programmes, health services andcommunity activities to athletes and the generalpublic in the region.The centre is set up as a multi-purposecomplex, including outdoor and indoor facilities as well as a number of educational and culturalareas, such as classrooms, a library, an internetzone and offices.Led by the IOC, the project was undertaken in partnership with the Zambian government,which donated the land to the National OlympicCommittee (NOC) of Zambia, and the sixInternational Federations (IFs) of athletics,basketball, boxing, weightlifting, handball andhockey, which helped to develop the sportsfacilities and offered technical expertise as well as financial assistance. "I am very proud to officially open the firstOlympic Youth Development Centre here inLusaka," said President Rogge in his inaugurationspeech. "This project would not have seen thelight without the unfailing commitment of thegovernment of Zambia, the International andNational Sports Federations and the ZambianNOC. Like in sports, teamwork led to this successand I am confident that the centre will becomenot only the home of many elite regional andinternational athletes, but also the home ofthousands of kids who will learn about sport andlife. I look forward to seeing the place grow andinspire us to build similar centres in other regions of the world."The Olympic Youth Development Centre inLusaka is part of the Sports for Hope Programmeinitiated by the IOC to provide athletes, youngpeople and communities in developing countrieswith better opportunities to practise sport and tobe exposed to the Olympic values. Ensuring thatevery individual has access to sport is one of thefundamental principles of Olympism. The IOC iscurrently investigating possibilities to replicate the project on other continents.BelowYoungsters enjoying the new OlympicYouth Development Centre in ZambiaOLYMPICYOUTHDEVELOPMENTANEWKIPKEINOSCHOOLINELDORETPresident Jacques Rogge returned to Eldoret, theheartland of Kenyan athletics, five years after hisfirst visit, where he was welcomed by Kenya'snative son and double gold medallist, Kip Keino,who has built schools, an orphanage and an elitetraining facility for athletes. On 13 May, PresidentRogge inaugurated the secondary school, in thepresence of the Kenyan Ministers of Sport and Education.Since his retirement from sport, IOC member,Kip Keino has been helping his country byproviding the most necessary of tools -schools,so that children are given the chance to have agood education and a brighter future. Today, theKip Keino School houses, feeds and educatesover 300 orphans and children from Eldoret. At the secondary school, environmental care andthe Olympic Values Education Programme (OVEP)will be an integral part of the curriculum. Itsstudents will learn about the values of respect, fair play, excellence, joy in effort and the balanceof body, mind and will.During his stay in Eldoret, President Roggealso donated sports equipment and funds to theRed Cross for Internally Displaced Youth in Ngarua- Annesene Secondary School in Eldoret. AsPresident Rogge says: "The IOC will continueusing sport as a tool to assist those whose livesare ravaged by war and disease and who aredisadvantaged and marginalised."Above (left-to-right) Thomas Bach, PresidentRogge and Kip KeinoOLYMPIC STUDIES CENTRE12OLYMPIC REVIEW