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OLYMPIC REVIEW67OLYMPIC REVIEW HISTORYThe first edition of theBulletin du ComitéInternational- theforerunner to OlympicReview, explained whythe Olympic Games should be revived and also whythey should be held in Athens, Greece. "In expressingthe wish that the international Olympic Games arecelebrated in Athens in 1896, the Athletic Congresshas merely 'rendered unto Caesar the things whichare Caesar's'," was the rather grandiose introduction.The July editionreported on a speechgiven by Pierre deCoubertin at that year'sOlympic Games in London, which included a linethat would become the creed of the OlympicMovement, signifying all that the Games stood for."In these Olympiads, the important thing is notwinning but taking part. [...] What counts in life isnot the victory but the struggle; the essential thing is not to conquer but to fight well."A piece referring to thefollowing year's OlympicCongress in Parisappeared under theheading, "The Emblemand the Flag for 1914", which covered the adoptionof the now famous Olympic rings. "The emblemchosen to illustrate and represent the WorldCongress 1914... has begun to appear on variousdraft documents: five regularly intertwined rings ofdifferent colours -blue, yellow, black, green, red -on a background of white paper. These five ringsrepresent the five parts of the world now affiliated toOlympism and willing to accept its fertile rivalries."Reporting on that year's IOC Session in Lisbon, themagazine revealed thehistoric decision to retro-spectively name the 1924 International Winter SportsWeek in Chamonix as the first edition of the OlympicWinter Games. "Called upon to make a decision on thewish.that the Games of Chamonix should be giventhe title of First Olympic Winter Sports, the Committeedecided to accept it by 21 votes for to 2 against."Responding tosuggestions thatprofessional athletesshould be allowed tocompete in the Olympic Games, an article waspublished stating: "To allow professionals to competein the Olympic Games would undoubtedly bringabout the irrevocable end of the Games."In 1973, Olympic Reviewcovered the first OlympicCongress in more than 40years, which took place inVarna, Bulgaria, and was entitled "Sport for a worldof peace -the Olympic Movement and its future",covering such issues as amateurism.Olympic Reviewreportedon the IOC's decision tocreate the worldwide TOPsponsorship programme."What is it all about?" asked the 1985 article. "The'Top Programme' covers about 40 categories ofproduct, ranging from cars to computers, and includeschronometers, sports equipment, lighting, shoes, etc.Its novelty springs from the fact that while from 1973to the present sponsorship for each Olympicorganisation has been concentrated geographically,this programme extends worldwide."Olympic Reviewincludeda report on the historic91st IOC Session, inwhich the momentousdecision was taken to allow professional athletes tocompete at the Olympic Games. IOC Members alsovoted to hold the Olympic Winter Games half-waythrough each Olympiad, in four-year cycles, ratherthan in the same year as the Summer Games.Olympic Reviewmarked a century of women'sparticipation at theOlympic Games with aseries of articles that provided an overview of thehistory of women in sport and highlighted some of the challenges left to overcome.Following the 119th IOCSession in Guatemala City,Olympic Reviewreported inSeptember 2007 on the IOC'sdecision to introduce a new sporting competition foryoung athletes - the Youth Olympic Games (YOG). As excitement grew ahead of the inaugural YOG inSingapore in 2010, Olympic Reviewdedicated itsJune issue cover feature to the landmark event. In May 2010, a specialcommemorative edition ofOlympic Reviewwaspublished to mark the life of former IOC President Juan Antonio Samaranch,who passed away the previous month.LeftPast covers of Olympic Reviewhighlight howmuch the publication has changed over the years THROUGH THE YEARSMICHAEL STONEMAN AND ADAM SZRETERPICK SOME OF THE LANDMARKS IN THE HISTORY OF THE OLYMPIC MOVEMENT THAT OLYMPIC REVIEWHAS REPORTED OVER THE DECADES