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"A more unstable climate, with rising temperatures and more frequent and intense weather events, could affect the most fundamental aspects of our shared security: food, water, and trade"Pictured: Edward Daveyimpact. As the Secretary General of NATO said, food scarcity, "like all the effects of climate change. will hit hardest on the people and countries least able financially and organisationally to cope". Even where absolute availability is not in question, rising prices can trigger civil unrest, and threaten free trade. The pressures on the global food system are mirrored when it comes to water. Water use is growing twice as quickly as population. In fifteen years' time, 1.8 billion people will live in areas suffering from absolute water scarcity. Historically, countries have tended not to go to war over water. Instead, we have concluded deals and signed treaties to share this finite resource. But such accords could come under threat, as climate change affects rainfall, intensifying pressures between states - and within them.SecurityIt is this amplifying effect that makes climate change a particular concern. Where the risk of conflict already burns brightly, it will focus the flame.Those parts of the world we are most concerned about - the conflict flashpoints, the fragile trade routes, the weakened democracies - are often the same places that will be worst affected by climate change. It is a threat multiplier, and its effects will be felt most keenly in areas already under threat. From a diplomatic perspective, that makes climate diplomacy all the more urgent.We need to build resilience and adaptation into developed and developing economies alike. And we need to get that global deal to stop emissions rising; if we do not, a whole new set of problems arise. From a security perspective, we need to be ready for a world where climate instability drives political instability.Commodity prices have increased by nearly 150 per cent since the year 2000.Competition for resources could intensify, as territorial change puts pressure on trade and makes conflict more likely. Natural disasters could increase the demands on our military capability. And in failing states, food, water and energy supply problems could spark internal unrest that spills outwards. These risks threaten both our defence and development goals; which is why militaries around the world are making climate risk part of their strategic planning.The Pentagon's Quadrennial Defence Review Report concludes that climate change will shape the US military's "operating environment, roles and missions".Here in the UK, our own National Security Strategy identifies climate change as a "wide-ranging driver of insecurity. exacerbating existing weakness and tensions". And whether you are from Australia or Bangladesh, South Africa or Japan, your presence here today speaks to the seriousness of the climate security agenda. For governments, the risks are clear: to development, to democracy, and to peace itself. We cannot afford to ignore them. We have to plan for a world where climate change makes difficult problems worse.ConclusionWhen faced with seemingly intractable risks, we can take comfort in our history. When faced with other global threats - from nuclear war to smallpox - we have proven ourselves equal to the challenge. Our ability to create problems for ourselves, as we have with carbon emissions, is matched only by our ability to create solutions. So in the months and years to come, I hope we can continue to work together - not only to prepare for the worst, but to deliver the best: a more sustainable future for all. nACKNOWLEDGEMENTEdward Davey, the UK Secretary of State for Energy and Climate Change, delivered the above remarks at "Climate & Resource Security Dialogue for the 21st Century" conference in London on 22 March 2012. For more information please contact the Department of Energy and Climate Change, www.decc.orgG-20 MEMBERS 037

On a Path to Recovery and GrowthF or the past three years, our nations have worked together and with others, first to rescue a global economy from freefall, then to wrestle it back to a path of recovery and growth.  Our progress has been tested at times by shocks like the disaster in Japan, for example. Today it is threatened once again by the serious situation in the eurozone. As all the leaders here today agreed, growth and jobs must be our top priority.  A stable, growing European economy is in everybody's best interests - including America's.  Europe is our largest economic partner.  Put simply, if a company is forced to cut back in Paris or Madrid, that might mean less business for manufacturers in Pittsburgh or Milwaukee.  And that might mean a tougher time for families and communities that depend on that business. And that is why, even as we have confronted our own economic challenges over the past few years, we have collaborated closely with our European allies and partners as they have confronted theirs.  And today, we discussed ways they can promote growth and job creation right now, while still carrying out reforms necessary to stabilize and strengthen their economies for the future. We know it is possible - in part, based on our own experience here. In my earliest days in office, we took decisive steps to confront our own financial crisis - from making banks submit to stress tests to rebuilding their capital - and we put in place some of the strongest financial reforms since the Great Depression. Pictured Right: (top) Truman Balcony of the White House(bottom)Barack Obama, President of the United States of AmericaBarack Obama, President, the United States of AmericaAt the same time, we worked to get our own fiscal house in order in a responsible way.  And through it all, even as we worked to stabilise the financial sector and bring down our deficits and debt over the longer term, we stayed focused on growing the economy and creating jobs in the immediate term.Of course, we still have a lot of work to do.  Too many of our people are still looking for jobs that pay the bills.  Our deficits are still too high.  But after shrinking by nearly 9 per cent the quarter before I took office, America's economy has now grown for almost three consecutive years.  After losing hundreds of thousands of jobs a month, our businesses have created more than 4 million jobs over the past 26 months.  Exports have surged and manufacturers are investing in America again.And this economic growth then gives us more room to take a balanced approach to reducing our deficit and debt, while preserving our investments in the drivers of growth and job creation over the long term - education, innovation, and infrastructure for the 21st century.Europe's situation, of course, is more complicated.  They have got a political and economic crisis facing Greece, slow growth and very high unemployment in several countries.  And what is more, when they want to decide on a way to move forward, there are 17 countries in the eurozone that need to come to an agreement.  We recognise that and we respect that. But the direction the debate has taken recently should give us confidence. Europe has taken significant steps to manage the crisis.  Individual countries and the European Union as a whole have " Leaders agreed to join a new USA-led coalition to address climate change, in part by reducing short-lived pollutants. "Closing Remarks at the G8 Summit038 G-20 MEMBERS