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such HRSG stress monitor - the most complicated Plant Control System, with full automated start / stop sequencers, ever to be developed by General Electric.Environment is always top priority. Everyone leaves a footprint, unfortunately, but conscious understanding, measuring and investing in technologies that minimise these effects is very important. The plant has Zero Liquid Discharge. It recycles rain and storm water as well the operational steam and water used in the plant. It leaves no suspicion of a fluid related pollution. The plant is backed up with air-cooled chillers. In all, it uses 1.4 lt/sec including the cleaning water for the mirrors. This definitely is a new industry standard. All regulatory standards around NOX and Air Dispatch modelling, Vibration Measurements, Near and Far Field Noise Levels and Social Impact have been taken into consideration and have been set at the most stringent of all available standards - IFC, EU and Turkish Regulatory Law. All industry experts agree, that more important than where you produce the electricity, is where you flow your production. The project taps into 72 per cent of the power consumption in Turkey: Ankara - the capital, in the north; Antalya - Turkey's fastest growing city, in the south.; and Adana - one of Turkey's oldest industrial cities, in the east. When all energy markets are being formulated on an understanding of the Merit Order, efficiency, flexibility, environmental impact, healthy grid and start up times requirements will come into effect. From all points of view, Project Dervish will make everyone's approach to both CSP tech nology and the integration of renewables into conventional fuel systems, whirl around. The Turkish plant will be in commercial operation by 2015. Future plants with higher efficiency factors and further integration of Wind, Desalination and Solar are already being developed. n ABOUT THE AUTHORKerem Metin is the Vice Chairman of Investments and Operations at Metcap Energy Investments. With background in Production, Operation, and Communication Technologies, Mr Metin started his career at Dupont International in the USA. He holds a BS degree from the Faculty of Engineering, Carnegie Mellon University. Mr Metin can be contacted at:" The design is based on a new model of GE's natural gas plant called FlexEfficiency, which is able to vary its output rapidly "ENERGY security 051

The Third Industrial Revolution: Jeremy Rifkin, President, The Foundation on Economic TrendsSenior Lecturer, Wharton School's Executive Education Programme, University of Pennsylvania TThe Second Industrial Revolution, powered by oil and other fossil fuels, is spiraling into a dangerous endgame: the prices of energy and food are climbing, unemployment remains high, consumer and government debt are soaring, and the recovery is slowing. Worse, climate change from fossil-fuel based industrial activity looms on the horizon. Facing the prospect of a second collapse of the global economy, humanity is desperate for a new economic vision and sustainable economic development plan to take us into the future.The great economic revolutions in history occur when new communication technologies converge with new energy systems. New energy revolutions make possible more expansive and integrated trade. Accompanying communication revolutions manage the new complex commercial activities made possible by the new energy flows. In the 19th century, cheap print technology and the introduction of public schools gave rise to a print-literate work force with the communication skills to manage the increased flow of commercial activity made possible by coal and steam power technology, ushering in the First Industrial Revolution. In the 20th century, centralised electricity communication - the telephone, and later radio and television - became the communication medium to manage a more complex and dispersed oil, auto, and suburban era, and the mass consumer culture of the Second Industrial Revolution. Today, Internet technology and renewable energies are about to merge to create a powerful new infrastructure for a Third Industrial Revolution (TIR) that will change the world in the 21st century. In the coming era, hundreds of millions of people will produce their own " In the coming era, hundreds of millions of people will produce their own green energy in their homes, offices, and factories and share it with each other in an energy Internet " green energy in their homes, offices, and factories and share it with each other in an "energy Internet," just like we now generate and share information online. The creation of a renewable energy regime, loaded by buildings, partially stored in the form of hydrogen, distributed via an energy Internet, and connected to plug-in zero-emission transport, establishes a 5-pillar infrastructure that will spawn thousands of businesses and millions of sustainable jobs. The democratisation of energy will also bring with it a fundamental reordering of human relationships, impacting the very way we conduct business, govern society, educate our children, and engage in civic life.The Third Industrial Revolution is the last of the great Industrial Revolutions and will lay the foundational infrastructure for an emerging collaborative age. Its completion will signal the end of a two-hundred-year commercial saga characterised by industrious thinking, entrepreneurial markets, and mass labor workforces and the beginning of a new era marked by collaborative behavior, social networks and boutique professional and technical workforces. In the coming half century, the conventional, centralised business operations of the First and Second Industrial Revolutions will increasingly be subsumed by the distributed business practices of the Third Industrial Revolution; and the traditional, hierarchical organisation of economic and political power will give way to lateral power organised nodally across society.At first blush, the very notion of lateral power seems so contradictory to how we have experienced power relations through much of history. Power, after all, has traditionally been organised pyramidically from top to bottom. Today, however, the collaborative power unleashed by the coming together of Internet technology and renewable energies, fundamentally Pictured: Jeremy Rifkin,How Merging the Internet with Renewable Energy is going to Usher in a Post-Carbon Era052 RENEWABLE ENERGY