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30SUMMER 2012POLICYThe landScotland's landscape is close to theheart of every Trust supporter. It isunder intense pressure, and widedebate on its care is urgently needed.Here are six strong views, on threedivisive topics, to start the process we loveDiarmid Hearns, Head of Policy, the NationalTrust for Scotland, sets the sceneScotland's landscapes, whether rugged coastlines,majestic mountains or intricate, historical prospects,are among our country's greatest treasures. Ourlandscapes are the result of natural and humanforces over millennia and the process of change goeson today. Conserving our landscapes for current andfuture generations is a national challenge, as we seekto balance natural, cultural, social and economicconcerns. The Trust looks after a number of Scotland's mostmagnificent landscapes, through the work of ourstaff and volunteers at Glencoe, Ben Lawers,Torridon, Kintail and many other properties. We alsocare for a range of outstanding designed landscapesIllustration:Owain Kirby

WWW.NTS.ORG.UK31?and townscapes, such as at Culzean and Culross.Our land and seascapes are currently undergoingsubstantial human changes, with developments infarming and land management, the deployment ofonshore and offshore wind turbines (and plans forwave and tidal renewable energy), and a drive toincrease forest cover. Scotland's landscapes are alsoaffected by smaller, incremental changes, such ashouse-building or the ongoing construction of roadsand tracks.Fifty years ago, Scotland faced similar challenges,with the introduction of large-scale hydroelectricschemes, new forestry plantations, and roadbuilding. Then, the Trust commissioned WilliamMurray, one of Scotland's leading mountaineers, tosurvey more than 50 of Scotland's landscapes. HisHighland Landscape: A Surveyhelped start the processof landscape protection that led to the designationof National Scenic Areas. Today, the Trust is revisiting these issues with aprogramme of research into how well our currentdevelopment controls take the conservation oflandscapes into account and how these could bestrengthened in the future. On the following pages we have assembled viewson some of our current landscape challenges - windfarms, hill tracks and developments in the NationalParks (in this case Loch Lomond and The Trossachs).Our research team would also like to hear from you. How well do you think Scotland's landscapesare being looked after? Do you have a favouritelandscape, and how has it developed over time?Please let us know by contacting me, DiarmidHearns, on landscape@nts.org.uk