page 1
page 2
page 3
page 4
page 5
page 6
page 7
page 8
page 9
page 10
page 11
page 12
page 13
page 14
page 15
page 16
page 17
page 18
page 19
page 20
page 21
page 22
page 23
page 24
page 25
page 26
page 27
page 28
page 29
page 30
page 31
page 32
page 33
page 34
page 35
page 36
page 37
page 38
page 39
page 40
page 41
page 42
page 43
page 44
page 45
page 46
page 47
page 48
page 49
page 50
page 51
page 52
page 53
page 54
page 55
page 56
page 57
page 58
page 59
page 60
page 61
page 62
page 63
page 64

Supported byCertified byCC Low NoiseCC Low Noise is a new generation of rolling returnable trans-port items from Container Centralen that has been developed specifically for quiet night-time deliveries.The products have been awarded the Dutch PIEK certificate which is a common standard for noise-reduced technology. To be certified, a product in use must emit less than 60 dB(A) at 7.5 m from the sound source which is equal to the noise level of normal conversation.Using low-noise transportation items will improve occupational noise risks and opens up for 24 hour goods delivery. Night-time distribution can increase transport operator efficiency due to the reduction of traffic jams and congestion which in turn cuts down fuel consumption and CO2 emissions.To find out more about CC Low Noise, please contact Account Manager Brad Louw at Container Centralen Ltd. on b.louw@container-centralen.com or +44 (0)7799 874657. www.container-centralen.comEndorsed byCertifi ed by

SoundScapeIssue 0236Music is a special kind of sound. It can reduce pain, improve sleeping patterns, lower anxiety levels and elevate mood. While many medical journal articles have suggested that music's therapeutic powers are due to its ability to act as a distraction, scientific experiments comparing music to genuine auditory distractions like white noise have shown that music can achieve more than a distraction. The qualities of music as a stimulant were tested in a study entitled: 'Effect of distractive auditory stimuli on exercise tolerance in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD)', where lung patients with breathing difficulties were asked to pedal an exercise bicycle for as long as possible. The study found that playing music resulted in a higher exercise tolerance compared to silence, as well as less subjective unpleasantness. However, when patients were asked to do the same exercise with a non-musical auditory distraction such as grey noise, the distracting noise did decrease the subjective unpleasantness, but did not increase the amount of exercise done. The implication is that music has qualitatively different effects from pure State of mindmusic is not just sound. Dr Harry Witchel explains how music can be perceived in different ways, and that by understanding its power it can be channelled as a positive force for change