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Green Glossary Biodegradable Capable of being broken down naturally by the action of living organisms ( i. e. bacteria). California Air Resource Board Established by California's legislature to: attain and maintain healthy air quality, conduct research into the causes of, and solutions to air pollution and to systematically attack the serious problem caused by motor vehicles, which are the major causes of air pollution in the State. This agency is known to be on the forefront of regulatory change. Carcinogen Any agent or substance that causes cancer. Concentrate A product that is intended to be diluted with water. CRI ( Carpet and Rug Institute) Established by the Carpet and Rug Institute for their Green Label Certification Program. " To help protect indoor Green Label Certification Program air quality, keep all surfaces as clean as possible by vacuum cleaning without putting dust back into the air. This IAQ program identifies vacuum cleaners that do each of three tasks well: removes soil; contains dust within the filtration bag and the machine itself, keeping it out of the air and doesn't damage the carpet and helps keep its appearance looking good." DfE The EPA Design for Environment Program is a voluntary partnership program that works directly with industries to integrate health and environmental considerations into their business decisions. DfE Recognized Product The DfE review team has screened each ingredient in the product for potential human health and environmental effects and that - based on currently available information, predictive models and expert judgment the product contains only those ingredients that pose the least concern among chemicals in their class. For example, if a DfE- recognized product contains a surfactant, then that surfactant will biodegrade readily to non- polluting byproducts; many surfactants in conventional products biodegrade slowly or biodegrade to more toxic and persistent byproducts, which threaten aquatic life. EPA Comprehensive Through the Comprehensive Procurement Guideline ( CPG), EPA designates items that must contain recycled Procurement Guidelines content when purchased by federal, state, and local agencies, or by goverment contractors using appropriated federal funds. Under E. O. 13101 EPA is required to update the CPG every 2 years. Many private and commercial institutions are adopting the standards set by the EPA. EPP ( Environmentally Preferable Purchasing) Environmentally Preferable Purchasing ( EPP) is a federal- wide program that encourages and assists Executive agencies in the purchasing of environmentally preferable products and services. Environmentally Preferable Defined by Executive Order 13101 as products or services that have a lesser or reduced effect on human health and the environment when compared with competing products or services that serve the same purpose. Eutrophication The enrichment of water with nutrients, usually phosphorous and nitrogen, which stimulates the growth of algal blooms and rooted aquatic vegetation ( potentially detrimental to other forms of aquatic life). Executive Order 13101 ( E. O. 13101) Signed by the President in 1998 to improve the Federal Governement's use of recycled products and environmen- tally preferable products and services. Agencies shall comply with executive branch policies for the acquisition and use of environmentally preferable products and services and implement cost- effective procurement prefer- ence programs favoring the purchase of these products and services. Executive order 13101 has defined Green as: "... products and services that reduce the health and environmental impacts compared to similar products and services used for the same purpose." Flash Point Means the minimum temperature at which a liquid gives off a vapor in sufficient concentration to ignite when tested by an approved flash point test. Green Cleaning Cleaning to protect health without harming the environment. Get familiar with these Green Terms 20

Green Glossary Green Formulation Initiative A DfE initiative to develop a resource for formulators of industrial and institutional cleaning products for Cleaning Products interested in designing products with improved health and environmental characteristics. Green Seal ® Green Seal is a non- profit organization devoted to environmental standard setting, product certification and public educa tion. Green Seal's mission is to work towards environmental sustainability by identifing and pro- moting en vironmentally responsible products, purchasing and production. Green Seal ® Certification The Green Seal is awarded to products that have less impact on the environment and work well. To earn the Gr een Seal a product must meet the Green Seal environmental standard for the category as demonstrated by r igorous evaluation, testing and a plant visit. GS- 37Green Seal Environmental Standard This standard establishes environmental requirements for industrial and institutional general- purpose, for Industrial and Institutional Purposes bathroom, glass and carpet cleaners. For purposes of this standard, general- purpose, bathroom, glass and car pet cleaners are defined as those cleaners intended for routine cleaning of offices, institutions, warehouses and industr ial facilities. Hazard The potential health or physical effect attributable to a specific chemical, mixture or physical agent. LEED The Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design ( LEED T ) is a rating systems that represents the U. S. Gr een Building Council's effort to provide a national standard for what constitutes a " green building." LEED- NC LEED for New Construction and Major Renovations ( LEED- NC) is a green building rating system that was desig ned to guide and distinguish high- performance commercial and institutional projects, with a focus on offic e buildings. Builders/ developers have also applied the system to K- 12 schools, multi- unit residential buildings , manufacturing plants, laboratories and many other building types. The rating system focuses on I ndoor Air Quality, Materials & Resources, Sustainable Sites, Energy & Atmosphere, Water & Effeciency and In- no vation Credits. LEED- EB The LEED Green Building Rating System for Existing Buildings ( LEED- EB) is a set of performance standards f or the sustainable operation of existing buildings. LEED- EB improves building operation and performance while r educing overall operating costs, and provides a structure for maintaining performance over the long t erm. This standard will have the most effect on the jan/ san industry. Life Cycle Assessment The comprehensive examination of a product's environmental and economic aspects and potential impacts thr oughout its lifetime, including raw material extraction, transportation, manufacturing, use and disposal. ( EO 13101, S ection 201). Life Cycle Cost The amortized annual cost of a product, including capital costs, installation costs, operating costs, mainte- nanc e costs and disposal costs discounted over the lifetime of the product. However, this definition does not include e xternal costs ( i. e., those not borne directly by the entity that owns and operates a product/ service, such as environmental costs to society at large). EPA encourages agencies to consider all internal and external c osts associated with a product, process, or activity throughout its entire life cycle- from raw materials acqui- sition t o manufacture, recycling and final disposal. Postconsumer Materials A material or finished product that has served its intended use and has been diverted or recovered from waste destined f or disposal, having completed its life as a consumer item. Postconsumer materials are part of the br oader category of recovered materials. Preconsumer Materials Materials generated in manufacturing and converting processes, such as manufacturing scrap and trim- mings/ cuttings . Procuring Agency Any Federal agency, or any state agency or agency of a political subdivision of a state, that is using appropri- a ted Federal funds for procurement. Recovered Materials Waste materials and byproducts that have been recovered or diverted from solid waste, but does not include ma terials and byproducts generated from and commonly reused within, an original manufacturing process. Recycled Content The amount of pre- and post- consumer recovered material introduced as a feed stock in a material production pr ocess, usually expressed as a percentage. 21