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Green Glossary Green Formulation Initiative A DfE initiative to develop a resource for formulators of industrial and institutional cleaning products for Cleaning Products interested in designing products with improved health and environmental characteristics. Green Seal ® Green Seal is a non- profit organization devoted to environmental standard setting, product certification and public educa tion. Green Seal's mission is to work towards environmental sustainability by identifing and pro- moting en vironmentally responsible products, purchasing and production. Green Seal ® Certification The Green Seal is awarded to products that have less impact on the environment and work well. To earn the Gr een Seal a product must meet the Green Seal environmental standard for the category as demonstrated by r igorous evaluation, testing and a plant visit. GS- 37Green Seal Environmental Standard This standard establishes environmental requirements for industrial and institutional general- purpose, for Industrial and Institutional Purposes bathroom, glass and carpet cleaners. For purposes of this standard, general- purpose, bathroom, glass and car pet cleaners are defined as those cleaners intended for routine cleaning of offices, institutions, warehouses and industr ial facilities. Hazard The potential health or physical effect attributable to a specific chemical, mixture or physical agent. LEED The Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design ( LEED T ) is a rating systems that represents the U. S. Gr een Building Council's effort to provide a national standard for what constitutes a " green building." LEED- NC LEED for New Construction and Major Renovations ( LEED- NC) is a green building rating system that was desig ned to guide and distinguish high- performance commercial and institutional projects, with a focus on offic e buildings. Builders/ developers have also applied the system to K- 12 schools, multi- unit residential buildings , manufacturing plants, laboratories and many other building types. The rating system focuses on I ndoor Air Quality, Materials & Resources, Sustainable Sites, Energy & Atmosphere, Water & Effeciency and In- no vation Credits. LEED- EB The LEED Green Building Rating System for Existing Buildings ( LEED- EB) is a set of performance standards f or the sustainable operation of existing buildings. LEED- EB improves building operation and performance while r educing overall operating costs, and provides a structure for maintaining performance over the long t erm. This standard will have the most effect on the jan/ san industry. Life Cycle Assessment The comprehensive examination of a product's environmental and economic aspects and potential impacts thr oughout its lifetime, including raw material extraction, transportation, manufacturing, use and disposal. ( EO 13101, S ection 201). Life Cycle Cost The amortized annual cost of a product, including capital costs, installation costs, operating costs, mainte- nanc e costs and disposal costs discounted over the lifetime of the product. However, this definition does not include e xternal costs ( i. e., those not borne directly by the entity that owns and operates a product/ service, such as environmental costs to society at large). EPA encourages agencies to consider all internal and external c osts associated with a product, process, or activity throughout its entire life cycle- from raw materials acqui- sition t o manufacture, recycling and final disposal. Postconsumer Materials A material or finished product that has served its intended use and has been diverted or recovered from waste destined f or disposal, having completed its life as a consumer item. Postconsumer materials are part of the br oader category of recovered materials. Preconsumer Materials Materials generated in manufacturing and converting processes, such as manufacturing scrap and trim- mings/ cuttings . Procuring Agency Any Federal agency, or any state agency or agency of a political subdivision of a state, that is using appropri- a ted Federal funds for procurement. Recovered Materials Waste materials and byproducts that have been recovered or diverted from solid waste, but does not include ma terials and byproducts generated from and commonly reused within, an original manufacturing process. Recycled Content The amount of pre- and post- consumer recovered material introduced as a feed stock in a material production pr ocess, usually expressed as a percentage. 21

Green Glossary & References References Organizations Website: The Ashkin Group, LLC www. ashkingroup. com Building Owners and Managers Association www. boma. org Building Service Contractors Association International www. bscai. org Center for a New American Dream www. newdream. org Carpet and Rug Institute www. carpet- rug. com The Collaborative for High Performance Schools www. chps. net Green Hotel Association www. greenhotels. com Green Seal www. greenseal. org Health Care Without Harm www. noharm. org Hospitals for a Healthy Environment www. h2e- online. org International Sanitary Supply Association www. issa. com Janitorial Pollution Prevention Project www. west2pnet. org/ janitorial/ jp4. htm Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design ( LEED) www. usgbc. org US Green Building Council www. usgbc. org Government California Environmental Protection Agency www. calepa. ca. gov California OSHA www. dir. ca. gov/ occupational_ safety. html Occupational Safety and Health Administration www. osha. gov Office of the Environmental Executive www. ofee. gov United States Environmental Protection Agency www. epa. gov US EPA Comprehensive Procurement Guidelines www. epa. gov/ cpg US EPA Design for the Environment http:// www. epa. gov/ dfe US EPA Environmentally Preferable Purchasing www. epa. gov/ epp Stewardship Stewardship and Occupant responsibility Programs recognize that it is everyone's responsibility to help create the healthiest indoor en vironment possible. These programs are developed in conjunction with the facility's senior officials and include tr aining and other communication strategies to engage the buildings occupants, cleaning personnel , vacuum specialists, etc. Sustainable/ Sustainability Meeting the needs of the current generation without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their o wn needs. Toxicity The inherent ability of a chemical, biological, or physical agent to cause adverse effects in living organisms. US Green Building Council ( USGBC) The U. S. Green Building Council ( USGBC) is leading a national consensus for producing a new generation of buildings tha t deliver high performance inside and out. VOC Volatile Organic Compounds have been linked to indoor air quality ( IAQ) problems and potential respirtory distr ess. Often found in fragrances, floor finishes, solvent based cleaners and other typical cleaning products. 22