page 1
page 2
page 3
page 4
page 5
page 6
page 7
page 8
page 9
page 10
page 11
page 12
page 13
page 14
page 15
page 16
page 17
page 18
page 19
page 20
page 21
page 22
page 23
page 24
page 25
page 26
page 27
page 28
page 29
page 30
page 31
page 32
page 33
page 34
page 35
page 36
page 37
page 38
page 39
page 40
page 41
page 42
page 43
page 44
page 45
page 46
page 47
page 48
page 49
page 50
page 51
page 52
page 53
page 54
page 55
page 56
page 57
page 58
page 59
page 60
page 61
page 62
page 63
page 64
page 65
page 66
page 67
page 68
page 69
page 70
page 71
page 72
page 73
page 74
page 75
page 76
page 77
page 78
page 79
page 80
page 81
page 82
page 83
page 84
page 85
page 86
page 87
page 88
page 89
page 90
page 91
page 92
page 93
page 94
page 95
page 96
page 97
page 98
page 99
page 100
page 101
page 102
page 103
page 104
page 105
page 106
page 107
page 108
page 109
page 110
page 111
page 112
page 113
page 114
page 115
page 116
page 117
page 118
page 119
page 120
page 121
page 122
page 123
page 124
page 125
page 126
page 127
page 128
page 129
page 130
page 131
page 132
page 133
page 134
page 135
page 136
page 137
page 138
page 139
page 140
page 141
page 142
page 143
page 144
page 145
page 146
page 147
page 148
page 149
page 150
page 151
page 152
page 153
page 154
page 155
page 156
page 157
page 158
page 159
page 160
page 161
page 162
page 163
page 164
page 165
page 166
page 167
page 168
page 169
page 170
page 171
page 172
page 173
page 174
page 175
page 176
page 177
page 178
page 179
page 180
page 181
page 182
page 183
page 184
page 185
page 186

10INNOVATION UKINNOVATION We recognised that these challenges are a major force for innovation. This is not a new idea - the phrase " necessity is the mother of invention" is hardly recent. But mak-ing challenge- led innovation a key strategic focus for the Technology Strategy Board has proved a powerful way to express our goals, highlight the benefits for business of innovation and engage others in making it happen. To accelerate innovation in these varied areas, we have a range of different tools at our disposal. One is the Small Business Research Initiative ( SBRI). This is a process by which innovative companies can bid for contracts ( not grants) with government departments or public bodies to research, develop and eventually sup-ply new solutions to some of their pressing problems. Relaunched in 2008, the new SBRI scheme has already seen over 250 contracts awarded as a result of competi-tions in areas from defence to healthcare, resulting in a boost for many businesses. Examples include competi-tions for companies to find solutions to issues such as hand- transmitted infection in the healthcare sector, and the weight of equipment carried by soldiers. Some challenges - including major societal issues of our day - stand out above others. This is where our innovation platforms approach comes into its own. An innovation platform, an idea developed by the Tech-nology Strategy Board, is an approach to innovation that starts with one of these major challenges - an issue press-ing enough for government to take action to address it. Examples include the ageing population, with larger numbers of people needing help to remain independent; the increasing problems of network security in an online world; or growing transport congestion and the problems of integrating transport systems. Such imperatives to act will create future markets - but for products and services which may not yet exist. Under an innovation platform we bring government, research-ers and the business community together to work on the issues, understand the future market needs and think about how to generate the innovative solutions that may be required. We would then bring a variety of tools to bear, depending on the circumstances, to help make this innovation happen - faster and with greater business benefit to the UK. We may use a " sand- pit" - a technique in which a group of key people with different perspectives on the problem spend an intensive week together, to understand the issue deeply and work out where and how to focus innovation to make a difference. We may invest in research and development, or fund demonstration programmes to break log- jams and improve markets by testing the practi-cality of solutions. And we will usually bring on board key partners, such as research councils, government depart-ments or regional development agencies, who have an interest or can help to fund solutions, creating a much greater critical mass to address the problem. Innovation platform development In late 2005, the Technology Strategy Board announced its first innovation platforms. These first two pilots focused on how to develop a more sustainable transport system and how to guarantee per-sonal and information security in the new Internet age. Under the titles of Intelligent Transport Systems and Serv-ices ( ITSS) and Network Security, they involve the Tech-nology Strategy Board working with the Department for Transport and the Home Office respectively to address these challenges. British Innovation challenge- led inovation

UKINNOVATION UK11 The ITSS Innovation Platform helps UK businesses develop innovative products and services in response to new market opportunities that may result from govern-ment interventions in developing a sustainable transport system. Traffic congestion is a specific challenge because of its impact on the economy, climate change and qual-ity of life. We take a broad view of congestion, and are exploring the wider issues around the mobility of people and the transport of goods by asking: " How can we move people and goods more intelligently?" Through a series of strategic interventions, we will encourage private- sector R& D with the potential to improve efficiencies in the overall transport network and/ or promote lower- carbon travel choices. We believe that two approaches are needed to achieve this. First, taking a user- led systems approach, we need to identify and address the gaps in the UK's current use of available tech-nologies and services. Second, we should analyse human behaviours and attitudes in this context, and find how to influence people's decision- making by providing them with the appropriate tools and information. Information security is a major growth area, and one where the UK is well placed to become a global leader. The Network Security Innovation Platform ( NSIP) was created to respond to this challenge. The NSIP is con-cerned with the confidentiality, integrity and availability of a network communications infrastructure, the infor-mation being transmitted across that network and the systems that use it to communicate. This will inevitably include the people using the network. The Innovation Platform aims to help provide a more secure environment for all of us - an environment in which we can take full advantage of the digital economy and use information technology and network- based services with confidence, knowing that our information is protected and secure. UK organisations depend upon reliable and accurate electronic information to make critical decisions about almost every aspect of their business. Dependence on these systems is greater than it has ever been and will only increase in the coming years. These critical services may, for example, constitute key information systems for transport, healthcare, financial- sector communication gateways or consumer broadband connectivity. It is vital that these services continue to operate in a reliable and secure way - they underpin the economic well- being of the UK and may, in some cases, affect national security. The UK government takes the security of information very seriously and, as such, many government departments have significant interest in the risks that information may be subjected to. However, the real challenge that faces the NSIP is to bring together key government departments, academia and business to identify where innovation could be used to solve specific problems. This collaborative approach has resulted in research pro-grammes in Trust Economics, Privacy and Consent and the protection of information infrastructure, and " design-ing out crime" for hot products such as mobile phones. Future work will focus on issues such as trusted services, secure software development and converged security. The ABOVE: The launch of the Ultra Low Carbon Vehicles Demonstrator Programme in June British Innovation Challenge- led inovation