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UKINNOVATION UK139 Centres of Excellence South East: BRUNEL UNIVERSITY In addition, the University was ranked top in the country for Library and Information Management, fifth for Gen-eral Engineering and eighth in Mechanical Engineering, Sport and Health Services Research. Moreover, the University had the highest percentage of staff classed as Early Career Researchers in the UK, which clearly bodes well for the future growth in the research profile of the University. To give some flavour of the University's work in just one area, here are some pen portraits of the centres involved in materials research - one of Brunel's major strengths. The focus of this activity ranges from polymers to phos-phors, liquid metal processing to lighting and biomedical materials to biodegradable packaging. The Wolfson Centre for Material Processing investigates high- performance polymers, ceramics and metals for high-performance applications, including nano- composites and bioactive ceramics. Significant current research focuses on the use of renewable raw materials for biodegradable prod-ucts. These applications have included biomedical products with potential as artificial bone and a unique lightweight and adjustable spinal brace. World- leading research is also undertaken in Phosphors and Display Materials generat-ing micrometer and nanometer- size particles for the next generation of lighting and displays. This work has led to the creation of new high- value industrial materials providing competitive advantage in commercial applications. Professor Jack Silver: Jack. Silver@ brunel. ac. uk The Brunel Centre for Advanced Solidification Tech-nologies ( BCAST) is internationally renowned for its research in liquid metal engineering, and in particular for its underpinning solidification research, strategic technol-ogy developments and user- led industrial applications. The Centre has pioneered the development of a unique rheo- diecasting process enabling the production of one-step high- integrity components with improved mechani-cal properties and reduced production costs. With vast applications in the automotive and aerospace sectors, commercial collaborators have included Ford and Jaguar. In developing the science and technologies that enable the production of lighter materials using recycled metals, the Centre is transforming the metallurgical industry. Professor Zhongyun Fan: Zhongyun. Fan@ brunel. ac. uk Celebrating its 30th anniversary this year, The Experimental Techniques Centre at Brunel University combines high- level microscopy and surface science with a focus on industry interaction. ETCbrunel conducts materials, engineering and environmental research work, particularly in industrial part-nerships, and in addition provides an accredited consultancy service and continuing professional development courses. Recent research work includes developing environmentally sustainable materials for aerospace, thin- film technologies for energy- efficient manufacturing devices, smart biomedical implants and improvements in forensic fingerprint detection. Dr Ben Jones: Bj. jones@ brunel. ac. uk The Brunel Institute for Bioengineering ( BIB), the brain-child of one of the UK's best- known academics, Profes-sor Heinz Wolff, has since 1983 pioneered work in Bio Process Engineering, Biosensors, Medical and Rehabilita-tive Engineering. Current work includes a novel counter-current chromatography process for purifying pharma-ceuticals and other mixtures in the liquid phase. The process has been successfully scaled up for use in the manufacture of new drugs, greatly speeding up the time to market. The technology has been patented worldwide and commercialised by a University spin- out company. Professor Ian Sutherland: Ian. Sutherland@ brunel. ac. uk The Cleaner Electronics Research Group investigates and develops novel technologies and smart materials aimed at reducing the environmental impact of electronic consumer products. They led the development of new electronic inks for the lithographic printing of electri-cal circuits and batteries - this is now being used on an industrial scale in the UK and abroad. Professor David Harrison: David. Harrison@ brunel. ac. uk The great man would surely have been pleased with the achievements and direction of his University but there is no doubt that he would be urging the University not to pause for a moment. Indeed, as we begin a halting claw- back from the global eco-nomic downturn one thing is clear: research and innovation have never been more important than they are today. Doing things smarter - ie more efficiently, sustainably and cheaper - is no longer just desirable; it is essential. Achieving this requires that centres of research excel-lence and application in universities and companies increasingly work together. Brunel University is keen to build on its proud record of collaborating with industry to address this challenge and undertake work that really does make a material differ-ence. There is no better way of realising the legacy of the great man himself. Contact details: Brunel University, Uxbridge Middlesex UB8 3PH Website: www. brunel. ac. uk/ research Corporate Relations Tel: 01895 2679698 E- mail: Andrew. Ward@ brunel. ac. uk Research Tel: 01895 266206 E- mail: Teresa. Waller@ brunel. ac. uk

140INNOVATION UK Sussex leads on interdisciplinary research In May 2009 trend forecasters The Future Labora-tory predicted that Brighton & Hove will be one of the UK's five new " supercities". These are cities that have advanced knowledge- based economies instead of busi-nesses based on the consumption of natural resources to create products. The report predicted a revolution in British industry, with the UK set to be a world leader in genetically modi-fied foods, video games and robotics. The University of Sussex is playing a key role in helping the city realise its " Supercity" potential by applying its research expertise to businesses both regionally and globally. Sussex has grouped its research into six key themes that capitalise upon its long history of interdisciplinary working. These research themes stimulate academics to engage with each other to share knowledge, innovate and capture the imagination of the business community. Sussex's collaboration with both the private and public sectors has been enhanced by the opportunities that the new research themes offer. The success of Sussex's research themes relies on excel-lence within the faculty and, increasingly, partnerships with major national and international partners. Initia-tives such as those with The Royal Botanic Gardens Kew, American Express, Rolls- Royce and the UK Ministry of Defence are prime examples of how Sussex works best to create solutions for its external partners. Research Themes Researchers at Sussex are at the forefront of critical think-ing on a host of issues that inform concerns about citi-zenship and democratisation. Sussex's experts on migra-tion, security and information technology influence both domestic and international government policy on con-flict, human rights, security and other crucial issues. The environment and health theme encourages collab-oration between researchers across many schools and departments at Sussex. Sussex research covers many key issues in the environment and health fields, including: infectious disease research which spans epidemiology of epidemics; molecular biology research into infectious organisms; clinical treatment of infectious disease; the policy research into vaccination programmes and their perception in different cultures. Sussex's research into digital technologies crosses the divide between sciences, social sciences, and arts and humanities. Researchers develop technologies, explore their social and cultural applications, consider the aes-thetic and human potentials they enable, and seek to understand the challenges they pose in the areas of cul-tural and media policy, knowledge and education, social justice and citizenship. The globalisation of heritage and culture demands a new appreciation of cosmopolitan identities, one in which sub- cultures and national heritage projects are important economic players. New technologies for preserving and recording heritage raise pressing issues for understanding the nature of what is preserved and how it is recorded. Sussex is well placed to provide policy- relevant, pro- poor, research and advice on global transformations. The Uni-versity has several large, externally tfunded, research cen-tres that provide information to international organisa-tions. Sussex researchers also have strong relationships with the Institute of Development Studies based on the Sussex campus, policy makers, and a network of aca-demic collaborators across the world. The mind and brain theme incorporates leading work in neuroscience, psychology and artificial intelligence: sub-jects that help define human nature and will underpin advances in health and information technology. Sussex's rejection of academic and institutional boundaries in sci-ences and humanities bears fruit in pioneering work in consciousness and in creativity. For more information, please contact: Business and Enterprise University of Sussex, Falmer, Brighton Tel: + 44 ( 0) 1273 877800 E- mail: business@ sussex. ac. uk Web: www. sussex. ac. uk/ research/ researchthemes. phpCentres of Excellence South East: university of susex