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UKINNOVATION UK33 The Low Carbon KTN is continuing the low- carbon auto-motive work of the Low Carbon and Fuel Cell Technology KTN, forming an integral part of enhanced knowledge transfer activities for the transport sector. The Low Carbon KTN will still work closely with its fuel cell colleagues, who are now part of the Energy Generation and Supply KTN. What are Low Carbon Technologies? The Low Carbon KTN focuses on technologies that reduce carbon dioxide emissions from vehicles. The technologies fall into four main categories: » » Lightweight materials for vehicle weight reduction » » Powertrain development for improved fuel efficiency, including advanced engine technologies as well as electric and hybrid electric drivetrains » » Driveline developments for improved system efficiency based on advances in mechanical and electric components » » Powertrain developments designed to enable the use of alternative fuels, including renewable biofuels and hydrogen, that can help lower well- to- wheels carbon dioxide emissions The Low Carbon KTN in Action Knowledge Transfer Seminars Collaboration and consortium formation Bringing together the supply and demand- sides of low- carbon vehicles How do I Join the Low Carbon KTN? The Low Carbon KTN is managed by Cenex, the UK's first national centre of excellent for low- carbon and fuel- cell technologies. Cenex works with SMMT Foresight Vehicle to deliver the Low Carbon KTN. For more information, contact: E- mail: contact@ lowcarbonktn. org. uk Tel: + 44 ( 0) 1455 292455 Website: http:// www. lowcarbonktn. org. uk Above: Cenex CEO Robert Evans speaking at the Hydrogen and Fuel Cells Transport Conference organised by the KTN in March 2009. Above: The Low Carbon KTN organised a number of events and workshops to promote collaboration and consortium formation for collaborative R& D calls issued by the Technology Strategy Board this year. Above: Science Minister Lord Drayson ( right) and Technology Strategy Board member Iain Gray at the 2008 National Low Carbon Vehicle Event, which was supported by the Low Carbon KTN. The programme offered a unique " three in one" opportunity for the UK low- carbon industry - a low- carbon vehicle technology exhibition; a ride and drive; and a technical conference. Low Carbon Knowledge Transfer Network Carbon Low Carbon

34INNOVATION UK Innovation in the UK is alive and well Current thinking suggests that for mankind to maintain the present standard of living, we are going to have to innovate our way through the current climate change problems. The UK has a long history of leading innovation and we should be proud of that history. Climate change is forcing us to reconsider how we operate and how we live our lives and the deadline for action is fast approaching. There is a precedent however; 70 years ago our pilots navigated by a combination of sight and Morse code. Within a few years of the outbreak of World War II however, radar had been established. The Low Carbon Innovation Centre ( LCIC) has, as the name suggests, low carbon and innovation as its two chief objectives. Based at the University of East Anglia ( UEA) and affiliated to that institution's globally renowned School of Environmental Sciences, we are for-tunate to have access to the latest research from some of the world's finest scientists. As such, it was fitting that Carbon Connections was established here in October 2006. With a £ 5 million budget from the Higher Education Funding Council for England, Carbon Connections' brief was to seek out and nurture innovation from the UK's Higher Education sec-tor and push it towards market by encouraging partner-ships with British industry. At the end of the programme in March 2009 there stood a portfolio of 26 innova-tive low- carbon projects, some of which are already producing returns. One of the most innovative, DeltaStream, is the world's first free- standing tidal energy harnessing device. Tidal energy, unlike wind and solar, is constant and predict-able and, furthermore, in the UK, we have lots of it. Each DeltaStream energy device has a nominal maximum 1.2MW at 6 knots producing roughly 6- 7m kWh over its 20- year lifespan. That it is not fixed to the seabed reduces environmental damage and also allows for speedy instal-lation and maintenance. Payback time is estimated to be just six months. Another Carbon Connections project, Biofuels for Heat-ing, seeks the optimum biofuel blend to power domestic and commercial heating. Carbon Connections helped establish a complete supply chain, which included rep-resentation from the Oil Firing Technical Association ( OFTEC) and participation from Norfolk County Coun-cil, who provided commercial premises for tests. Trials with used cooking oil have taken place and while it is unlikely that all 1.2 million UK homes and numerous commercial sites that are heated by oil- fired burner can be supplied through this medium, trials continue using agricultural waste. Carbon Connections also took a strong interest in inno-vative construction methods. Some of the projects are self- explanatory - agri- fibre insulation, fibre mortar ( building blocks made from recycled paper) and Bale- Haus ( pre- fabricated straw bale panels) to name a few. Recognising that technology alone cannot rescue us, Car-bon Connections ring fenced 10% of the funds for behav-iour- change projects. In Lingwood, Norfolk, a series of low- carbon, affordable houses have been constructed utilising photovoltaic panels, ground- source heat pumps and solar rooms. Carbon Connections monitored the residents' behaviour assessing how future tenants might adapt. After all, there's no point having a temperature-controlled house if you simply open a window when it gets warm. These construction- related projects have led to LCIC taking an advisory role in two eco- developments at Dunsfold Park, Surrey and Rackheath, Norfolk. Other behaviour- change projects include a liftshare oper-ation to reduce commuter car journeys, a set of toys to encourage children to make energy- saving changes at home ( and, it is hoped, to encourage the adults to join in) and a driving simulator to encourage fuel- efficient road use. In October 2008, all of the University of East Anglia's low- carbon activities, including Carbon Connections and CRed, the Carbon Reduction Programme established in 2003, were brought together under the auspices of the Low Carbon Innovation Centre. The success of the Carbon low carbon inovation centre