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The IOC took decisions on three pending doping cases from the Beijing Games: Vadim Devyatovskiy, athletics ( men's hammer throw), from Belarus, was disquali-fied from second place, had his medal with-drawn and is perma-nently ineligible for all future Olympic Games. Ivan Tsikhan, Belarus, athletics ( men's hammer throw) was disqualified from third place and had his medal withdrawn. Adam Seroczynski, Poland, canoe ( kayak), was disqualified from the Kayak double ( K2) 1000m Men event, where he had placed fourth; The kayak dou-ble team ( K2), consisting of Adam Seroczynski and Mariusz Kujawski was also disqualified. In all, 4,770 doping tests were carried out in Beijing in the framework of the largest ever testing programme for an Olympic Games. The tests included 3,801 urine and 969 blood tests. Urine tests includ-ed 817 EPO tests, and blood tests covered 471 human Growth Hormone ( hGH) tests. As a general rule, all top five finishers, plus a further two, were tested. Last November, the IOC completed a week- long review of the Beijing 2008 Games to ensure that London and other Games Organising Committees benefit from the lessons learned in Beijing. The IOC Official Debriefing of the Beijing 2008 Games examined all planning and operational aspects of the Beijing Games to highlight best practices, as well as the challenges that were encountered. President Jacques Rogge has made knowledge transfer a top priority during his tenure as IOC President. " The 2008 Games set new standards for organisation, venues and athletic performances, but we can always improve," Olympic Games Executive Director Gilbert Felli said. " I'm confident that the London organisers will host a first- class event with a uniquely British atmosphere." Bringing together around 900 participants, the IOC Official Debriefing of the Beijing 2008 Games was attended by members of the Vancouver 2010, London 2012 and Sochi 2014 Organising Committees ( OCOGs), as well as representatives of the 2016 Candidate Cities and other Games stakeholders and gave these future Games organisers the chance to learn from the experience and knowledge gained by their Beijing counter-parts during their seven years of preparation. Comprising two plenary sessions, eight stakeholder sessions and 18 functional area workshops, the event looked at the planning, operational and technical elements of organising an Olympic Games, such as sport, accommodation, transport, culture, education and logistics. The debriefing also addressed the various stakeholders' experience of groups at the Games like athletes, spectators, workforce and the media. The Beijing Debriefing is a key component of the IOC's Olympic Games Knowledge Management ( OGKM) programme, which consists of three main sources: services, personal experience and information. The services include workshops, seminars and a network of experts with Games experience on a range of Olympic topics that the OCOGs are able to call upon throughout their lifecycle. The OCOGs are also able to gain personal experience on Games preparations and operations through the Games-time observers' programme, the official Games Debriefing and a secondment programme, which allows staff members from future OCOGs to work on the current edition of the Olympic Games. The final element of OGKM is information, which includes elements like the Official Games Report, technical manuals, knowledge reports, a range of useful documents and publications and the IOC's visual transfer of knowledge of photos and films. All this information is available to the OCOGs through an extranet that is managed by the IOC. AbovePassing on knowledge and expertise of hosting the Olympic Games is an IOC priority TRANSFER OFKNOWLEDGE IOCMEETSEU COMMISSIONER INLAUSANNE Representatives of the Olympic Movement, led by IOC President Jacques Rogge met with Ján Figel', European Commissioner for Education, Training, Culture and Youth in Lausanne in January. The meeting came as a follow- up on the action points specified in the recent European Council Declaration on Sport, which was presented in the Conclusions of the French Presidency of the European Union ( EU) in mid- December 2008. In the Declaration, the heads of state call on the European Commission to strengthen its dialogue with the IOC, besides underlining the values of sport and its specific characteristics above its economic dimension. The promotion of the autonomy of the Olympic and Sports Movement as well as the protection of the integrity and fairness of the competitions has been high on the IOC's agenda over the years. Topics of discussions included: the specificity and autonomy of sport, the financing of sport and betting, the application of EU competition law and of free movement principles in the field of sport and the fight against doping. President Rogge said: " The EU benefits from sport and its values. Organised sport is one of the biggest social movements in society, and its social, educational and health-promoting role is significant. At the same time sports organisations also need the support of the EU to tackle challenges like doping, irregular betting, racism and violence and to safeguard the specificity of sports structures and sporting rules. It is vital that we work closer together to tap the full potential of sport." AboveJán Figel' and IOC President Rogge OLYMPIC REVIEW15 DOPING CASES

Education Programme Since Singapore won the bid to host the 2010 Youth Olympic Games ( YOG), schools have been actively organising various activities to intensify the YOG buzz. Two new initiatives will further lay the foundation for a successful and memorable YOG event in 2010. Under " Friends@ YOG", each of the 360 Singapore schools will be " twinned" with one of the 205 National Olympic Committees. It will be a fun and exciting learning journey for students as they cultivate a global mindset through the forging of international friendships, learning about other countries' cultures and develop-ing respect for cultural diversity. Innsbruck to host first Winter YOG Innsbruck will host the 1st Winter Youth Olympic Games in 2012. Innsbruck ( Austria) beat Kuopio ( Finland) in the final by 84 votes to 15. The IOC offers it thanks to the other bidding cities Harbin ( China), Kuopio ( Finland), and Lillehammer ( Norway). The Host City Contract for the 1st Winter Youth Olympic Games in Innsbruck in 2012 was signed in the Tyrolean capital by IOC President Jacques Rogge, the Host City and the Austrian National Olympic Committee ( NOC) authorities. President Rogge visited several competition venues where the events will be held in 2012. He also met a group of young students who appeared on the promotional video clip for the Innsbruck bid. " We are glad to be back in Innsbruck where the extraordinary 1964 and 1976 Olympic Winter Games were staged", said the IOC President. Given the short preparation time ( three years), the IOC President underlined that Innsbruck was a strong partner, in terms of already existing first- class venues; Innsbruck's high degree of competence in organising international sports events; the enthusiastic population that has an excellent understanding of winter sports; and the full support of the local, regional and national authorities. Moreover, the Innsbruck 2012 bid excelled through its good understanding of the cultural and educational component of the Youth Olympic Games. The event will thus offer an excellent platform to create a true community between the youth of the world and the participants by learning and sharing experiences. BelowHannes Gschwentner, Deputy Governor, Anne Rogge, Hilde Zach, Mayor of Innsbruck, IOC member Leo Wallner, Jacques Rogge and Christoph Platzgummer, Deputy Mayor IOCPRESIDENT VISITSINNSBRUCK SINGAPORE2010 LAUNCHES OFFICIALEMBLEM Singapore 2010 launched its official emblem for the 1st Summer Youth Olympic Games. " The emblem embodies the spirit of the Youth Olympic Games and represents the blending of the IOC's and Singapore Organising Committee's vision to bring the youth of the world together," said IOC President Jacques Rogge in his message. The emblem illustrates in a colourful and vibrant way the passion of sport with the champions in its centre. It will be a strong ambassador for Singapore 2010. The emblem launching ceremony was accompanied by sports demonstrations based on the new disciplines of the 2010 Games sports programme ( like basketball 3 on 3) and a 2010m run with many Singaporean youngsters participating. Some 3,594 athletes from all 205 National Olympic Committees will compete in Singapore in 26 sports comprising 201 events. Besides the sports competitions programme, the YOG will feature an extensive Cultural and Educational Programme ( CEP), which aims to introduce, in a fun and festive spirit, the young athletes to Olympism and the Olympic values, and to raise awareness of important issues such as the benefits of a healthy lifestyle, the fight against doping and their role as sports ambassadors in their communities. NEWS INBRIEF 16OLYMPIC REVIEW