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Innsbruck Winter Youth Olympic Games Coordination Chairman Appointed Mr Gian- Franco Kasper, an IOC member and President of the International Ski Federation ( FIS), has been appointed Chairman of the Coordination Commission for the 1st Winter Youth Olympic Games, the group of represen-tatives from the IOC and the Olympic Movement who will be monitoring the Youth Olympic Games preparations and guiding the Innsbruck Organising Committee over the next three years. The Commission members are ( in alphabetical order): Ottavio Cinquanta, Janko Dvorsak, Victor Khotochkin, Rebecca Scott, Robert Storey and Pernilla Wiberg. The Youth Olympic Games ( YOG) were created with the objective to reach out to young athletes world wide. The effective participation of all 205 NOCs is therefore a key factor in ensuring the universality of the YOG. The qualification systems are hence based on the two principles of universality and performance. To ensure that universality is respected in individual sports, places have been reserved in the qualification system for each sport so that at least four athletes per NOC ( NOC Universality Places) will be given the possibility to participate. In early 2009, NOCs with least participation in the last two Summer Olympic Games will be asked to provide a list of the preferred sports and disciplines in which they would like to enter their four athletes, in at least two different sports and with a balanced gender repartition. To ensure performance, Qualification systems have been developed by the 26 Summer Sports IFs which will allow for the participation of the best athletes through a fair and transparent process. For a full Qualification Table visit www. olympic. org/ singapore2010 In total, 3,594 athletes will be able to qualify for the YOG, be it through their performance or via universality places. AboveThe Youth Games will see young athletes from around the world coming together SIXNOCSAPPLY TO HOSTTHE 2ND SUMMER YOUTHOLYMPIC GAMESIN2014 QUALIFICATION FORSINGAPORE OLYMPIC REVIEW17 INNSBRUCK 2012 The IOC announced that six National Olympic Committees ( NOCs) have submitted applications to host the 2nd Summer Youth Olympic Games in 2014. They are, in alphabetical order: China, Indonesia, Mexico, Morocco, Poland and Turkey. A number of NOCs requested additional time to designate the city they wish to put forward as Candidate City. The IOC has extended the deadline for these NOCs to submit the name of their cities to 1 April 2009. Jakarta 2014 ( Indonesia), Nanjing 2014 ( China) and Poznan 2014 ( Poland) have already been confirmed. The timeline below outlines the bid process. The date of the election by the IOC members and of the announcement of the host city remains unchanged. 1 APRIL 2009 Signature of Candidature Procedure and submission of names of Candidate Cities 4 SEPTEMBER 2009 Submission of Candidature Files DECEMBER 2009 IOC Executive Board to draw up list of finalist cities JANUARY 2010 Publication of Evaluation Commission report FEBRUARY 2010 Election and announcement of the Host City of the 2nd Summer Youth Olympic Games at the 122nd IOC Session in Vancouver

18OLYMPIC REVIEW Taking the pulse of the Olympic Movement, analysing its strengths and weaknesses, evaluating the opportunities and the risks it faces: these are the challenges which IOC President Jacques Rogge laid down by convening the next Olympic Congress, to be held in Copenhagen in October 2009. The overall theme of this Congress is " The Olympic Movement in Society", broken down into five main themes. " Many people believe that sport plays an essential role in society, be it in education, integration, health, the environment or the economy. At the same time, we see that sport offers opportunities, but also poses problems. We therefore have to study certain points, and offer new and creative solutions to the challenges facing us. The Congress in Copenhagen will offer this opportunity", says the IOC President. FLASHBACK ON PREVIOUS CONGRESSES To better understand the role of an Olympic Congress and to evaluate its impact it is worth looking back at the previous editions. The first Olympic Congress was held in Paris in 1894, the founding year of the International Olympic Committee. It was at this Congress that Pierre de Coubertin announced the revival of the Olympic Games. The Congresses, organised at irregular intervals, became the platform of encounter for the three pillars of the Olympic Movement: IOC, NOCs and IFs. Despite a gap of more than 40 years between the ninth Congress in Berlin and the next one in Varna, Bulgaria, in 1973, the Olympic Congresses have always had a significant impact on the way the Olympic Movement functions and along with the Olympic Games, served as punctuation marks in the history of Olympism. Eight of the 12 Olympic Congresses held to date were organised by Pierre de Coubertin featuring content that was closely linked to his philosophical idea of modern Olympism and were used to unite modern sport, science and the arts. The Congress themes revolved around health and education, and the early years were notable for the important personalities recruited as speakers from Coubertin's large circle of acquaintances. In 1897, Father Didon, a well known Dominican preacher and writer, spoke at the Olympic Congress in Le Havre. The writer Marcel Prévost gave the opening lecture of the Lausanne Congress in 1913. Coubertin also secured a contribution by the former American president Theodore Roosevelt whose athletic autobiography had been exclusively written for the occasion. VARNA 1973 The modern era of the Olympic Congress began in 1973 in Varna which was celebrating the 50th anniversary of its NOC. Lord Killanin, who had succeeded Avery Brundage as IOC President the previous year, presided over the Congress in which NOCs and all Olympic federations were given the floor on equal terms. The delegates lived up to Killanin's call to make the Congress not a forum for open attacks but for sensible suggestions. Rethinking the idea of amateurism was at the centre of discussion, as it had been at practically all Congresses since 1894, but discussions at the Varna Congress were the springboard for the new rule which authorised financial assistance for elite level training. Within 20 years the Olympic Games were fully open to professionals. BADEN- BADEN 1981 At the 1981 Congress in Baden- Baden, Germany, expectations were even greater, falling as it did just a year after the boycotted Moscow Games and with Los Angeles around the corner. It was no exaggeration to say the credibility of the Olympic Movement was at stake and new initiatives pointing the way ahead were required. For the first time the athletes played a leading role in a Congress, with Kip Keino, Sebastian Coe and Soviet ice hockey goalkeeper Vladislav Tretyak all speaking. Their accounts rang with an authenticity nobody dared contradict and the TAKING THEPULSE