102TEACHING VALUES SECTION 4 THE FIVE EDUCATIONAL VALUES OF OLYMPISM BEFORE YOU READ How do athletes become excellent in their sports? READING Meet China's Female Athlete of the Century – Deng Yaping In China, table tennis is a very popular sport, and Deng Yaping is one of the world's greatest players. She started when she was five. By the time she was nine she had won her provincial junior championship. At the age of 13, she had won her first national championship. This was a young lady with huge talent. But she was short – less than 1.5 metres tall. Because she was so short, and in spite of her talent, she was at first rejected as a candidate for the national team. But her talent, her confidence and her perseverance finally won her a spot on the national team in 1988. She won her first international doubles title in 1989 when she was only 16, and her first singles title two years later. " Even from an early age, I dreamed of being world champion," she said. In 1989, she won the Asian Cup and the following year clinched three titles at the 11th Asian Games. Her breakthrough at the highest level came in 1991 when she captured the world singles title in Japan, and that began her domination of the sport for the next seven years. By the time her career was over in 1997 she had won 4 gold medals and 9 world championships. Twice elected to the Athletes' Commission of the International Olympic Committee, Deng has gone on to support women's participation in the sport of table tennis. Her Master's thesis is titled " From Bound Feet to Olympic Gold: The Case of Women's Table Tennis". FOR DISCUSSION What does the photo of Deng Yaping tell you about the spirit of sport? Set up your own table tennis playing area, and find out what kind of skill it takes to be a superb athlete in this sport. " I'VE MISSED MORE THAN 9,000 SHOTS IN MY CAREER. I'VE LOST ALMOST 300 GAMES. TWENTY- SIX TIMES I'VE BEEN TRUSTED TO TAKE THE GAME- WINNING SHOT AND MISSED. I'VE FAILED OVER AND OVER AND OVER AGAIN IN MY LIFE. AND THAT IS WHY I SUCCEED." ( MICHAEL JORDAN, USA, BASKETBALL) AboveBarcelona 1992: Michael Jordan ( USA) shoots during a match against Croatia in the Men's Basketball. LIVINGEXCELLENCE! THE ATHLETES IN THE FOLLOWING STORIES ARE WONDERFUL ROLE MODELS FOR YOUNG PEOPLE.
TEACHING VALUES AN OLYMPIC EDUCATION TOOLKIT READING " Football is my Life"– Roger Milla17 ( Cameroon) In Africa, football is more than just a sport. It is a celebration of life. If your national team wins a major international competition, everyone gets a holiday the next day. In Africa, young people play ball everywhere and anywhere: on any open field, on the beaches, in the streets, and backyards, even on the balconies. Any round object can be used as a ball. Scoring is often overlooked. Roger Milla of Cameroon, one of Africa's greatest sports champions, has always played for the fun of it. He was African player of the year in both 1976 and 1990. His joy in the sport is positively infectious. With Milla as their leader, the Cameroon " Lions" stormed into the 1990 World Cup in Italy. They defeated defending champions Argentina in their opening game. Against all odds they became the first African team to reach the quarter- finals in a FIFA World Cup competition. They captured the hearts of fans from all over the world along the way. Who could forget those moments in Italy when Milla did a celebration dance around the corner post after scoring? Who could forget his enthusiasm, dedication and spirit? At the age of 38, as Cameroon's " super- sub," Milla scored the two goals which beat Romania and two more to beat Colombia. In the quarter- final against England he assisted in Cameroon's two goals. He was back for the World Cup in 1994 – the oldest man ever to score in the final stages of a World Cup. He was 42 when he scored against Russia. Roger Milla loved to win. But he played football because he loved the sport. FOR DISCUSSION Football is the world's most popular sport. Why do you think it is so popular? What qualities do you need to have to be an excellent football player? Pretend you are a sports reporter. Get your friend to pretend to be Roger Milla. Role play an interview with this great athlete. SECTION 4 THE FIVE EDUCATIONAL VALUES OF OLYMPISM TEACHING VALUES103 AboveAtlanta 1996: Table Tennis, Women's Singles – Deng Yaping ( CHN) in action on her way to the gold medal. Right San Francisco ( USA) 1994, World Cup Football/ Soccer: Cameroon's forward Roger Milla celebrates after scoring a goal against Russia. Aged 42, Roger Milla became the oldest player ever to score a goal in World Cup history. 17 Adapted from FIFA World Cup– Roger Milla ( Cameroon). Online: http:// fifaworldcup. yahoo. com/ 06/ en/ p/ cp/ cmr/ milla. html. Sourced July 25, 2006.