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TEACHING VALUES AN OLYMPIC EDUCATION TOOLKIT READING " Football is my Life"– Roger Milla17 ( Cameroon) In Africa, football is more than just a sport. It is a celebration of life. If your national team wins a major international competition, everyone gets a holiday the next day. In Africa, young people play ball everywhere and anywhere: on any open field, on the beaches, in the streets, and backyards, even on the balconies. Any round object can be used as a ball. Scoring is often overlooked. Roger Milla of Cameroon, one of Africa's greatest sports champions, has always played for the fun of it. He was African player of the year in both 1976 and 1990. His joy in the sport is positively infectious. With Milla as their leader, the Cameroon " Lions" stormed into the 1990 World Cup in Italy. They defeated defending champions Argentina in their opening game. Against all odds they became the first African team to reach the quarter- finals in a FIFA World Cup competition. They captured the hearts of fans from all over the world along the way. Who could forget those moments in Italy when Milla did a celebration dance around the corner post after scoring? Who could forget his enthusiasm, dedication and spirit? At the age of 38, as Cameroon's " super- sub," Milla scored the two goals which beat Romania and two more to beat Colombia. In the quarter- final against England he assisted in Cameroon's two goals. He was back for the World Cup in 1994 – the oldest man ever to score in the final stages of a World Cup. He was 42 when he scored against Russia. Roger Milla loved to win. But he played football because he loved the sport. FOR DISCUSSION Football is the world's most popular sport. Why do you think it is so popular? What qualities do you need to have to be an excellent football player? Pretend you are a sports reporter. Get your friend to pretend to be Roger Milla. Role play an interview with this great athlete. SECTION 4 THE FIVE EDUCATIONAL VALUES OF OLYMPISM TEACHING VALUES103 AboveAtlanta 1996: Table Tennis, Women's Singles – Deng Yaping ( CHN) in action on her way to the gold medal. Right San Francisco ( USA) 1994, World Cup Football/ Soccer: Cameroon's forward Roger Milla celebrates after scoring a goal against Russia. Aged 42, Roger Milla became the oldest player ever to score a goal in World Cup history. 17 Adapted from FIFA World Cup– Roger Milla ( Cameroon). Online: http:// fifaworldcup. yahoo. com/ 06/ en/ p/ cp/ cmr/ milla. html. Sourced July 25, 2006.

104TEACHING VALUES SECTION 4 THE FIVE EDUCATIONAL VALUES OF OLYMPISM READING A Tale of Two Athletes: Liz Hartel and Jubilee There is a sport in the Olympic Games that has two athletes and six legs. One of the athletes is a horse. In one of the most amazing Olympic stories of all time a young woman, paralysed from a disease called poliomyelitis, and her horse, Jubilee, won silver medals at the Olympic Games in 1952 and in 1956. Liz Hartel of Denmark loved sports. Her passion was horseback riding. Even as a married woman she was an enthusiastic competitor. Then, pregnant with her second child, she caught polio and was paralysed from the waist down. She gave birth, miraculously to a healthy child, and then struggled and worked to bring some function back into her muscles. After several years her condition improved, but she still could not use the muscles below her knees. But she could still ride. Of course she had to be helped to mount and dismount the horse, but this did not stop her. In 1952, in equestrian sport, women received the right to compete with the men for medals. It is one of the few sports where women and men compete in the same event. Liz Hartel, unable to walk, became the best of them all, winning silver medals at the 1952 and 1956 Olympic Games. The photographs from those days show Liz sitting elegantly on her horse. People say that during the competition she and her horse became one unit – moving smoothly and skilfully through the required movements. FOR DISCUSSION Why do they call " equestrianism" a sport that has two athletes? How do you think it is possible for a rider who is paralysed from the waist down to control and communicate with a horse? What special qualities would this rider have to have? BelowSweden 1956, site of the Equestrian events for the Melbourne, Australia 1956 Olympic Games: 18 Liz Hartel- Holst and Jubilee ( DEN) left, St. Cyr ( SWE) middle, Linsenhoff- Schindling ( USA) right. 18 Australia would not allow the horses to enter the country so the equestrian events were held in Sweden.