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104TEACHING VALUES SECTION 4 THE FIVE EDUCATIONAL VALUES OF OLYMPISM READING A Tale of Two Athletes: Liz Hartel and Jubilee There is a sport in the Olympic Games that has two athletes and six legs. One of the athletes is a horse. In one of the most amazing Olympic stories of all time a young woman, paralysed from a disease called poliomyelitis, and her horse, Jubilee, won silver medals at the Olympic Games in 1952 and in 1956. Liz Hartel of Denmark loved sports. Her passion was horseback riding. Even as a married woman she was an enthusiastic competitor. Then, pregnant with her second child, she caught polio and was paralysed from the waist down. She gave birth, miraculously to a healthy child, and then struggled and worked to bring some function back into her muscles. After several years her condition improved, but she still could not use the muscles below her knees. But she could still ride. Of course she had to be helped to mount and dismount the horse, but this did not stop her. In 1952, in equestrian sport, women received the right to compete with the men for medals. It is one of the few sports where women and men compete in the same event. Liz Hartel, unable to walk, became the best of them all, winning silver medals at the 1952 and 1956 Olympic Games. The photographs from those days show Liz sitting elegantly on her horse. People say that during the competition she and her horse became one unit – moving smoothly and skilfully through the required movements. FOR DISCUSSION Why do they call " equestrianism" a sport that has two athletes? How do you think it is possible for a rider who is paralysed from the waist down to control and communicate with a horse? What special qualities would this rider have to have? BelowSweden 1956, site of the Equestrian events for the Melbourne, Australia 1956 Olympic Games: 18 Liz Hartel- Holst and Jubilee ( DEN) left, St. Cyr ( SWE) middle, Linsenhoff- Schindling ( USA) right. 18 Australia would not allow the horses to enter the country so the equestrian events were held in Sweden.

TEACHING VALUES AN OLYMPIC EDUCATION TOOLKIT " DO YOU KNOW HOW TO DREAM? IF YOUR ANSWER IS YES, CONGRATULATIONS. YOU ARE PLAYING THE MOST FUN SPORT IN THE WORLD. IN YOUR DREAMS YOU CAN DO EVERYTHING. YOU CAN BE THE STRONGEST, THE FASTEST, AND THE HIGHEST, AND EVEN WIN AT THE OLYMPIC GAMES. IF YOUR ANSWER IS NO, TRY IT! IT IS GREAT TO DREAM." ( VISA/ JONAS SAMPAIO DE FREITAS, 13, BRAZIL) FOR DISCUSSION Tell a story for each of the five images in this picture. What other symbols do you see in the picture? What do they symbolise? Draw a picture of your own. Title the picture " My Dreams". AboveDo you know how to dream? Artwork by Jonas Sampaio De Freitas, 13, Brazil. DOYOUKNOW HOWTODREAM? SECTION 4 THE FIVE EDUCATIONAL VALUES OF OLYMPISM TEACHING VALUES105 THIS PICTURE WAS DRAWN BY A CHILD IN BRAZIL AND SUBMITTED TO THE " VISA OLYMPICS OF THE IMAGINATION" 19 CHILDREN'S OLYMPIC ART EXHIBITION. IT WAS ON DISPLAY DURING THE SYDNEY 2000 OLYMPIC GAMES. HELP LEARNERS TO EXPLORE THE MESSAGES IN THE PICTURE AND THEN DRAW THEIR OWN " DREAMS". 19 VISA Olympics of the Imagination Programme, 2000.