TEACHING VALUES AN OLYMPIC EDUCATION TOOLKIT SECTION 1 INTRODUCTION TO OLYMPIC VALUES EDUCATION TEACHINGVALUES11 Stimulating the imagination of learners is another educational method used in Teaching Values. All athletes know the power of the imagination in helping them to accomplish a result or goal. Positive and creative use of the imagination can also help young people to develop new attitudes, new ways of thinking about themselves and others, and then to explore different ways of behaving. DEFINING TERMINOLOGY In this Toolkit, a number of words recur which are worth defining for the purposes of educators and their learners. 1 Value– A value is what is considered important in life; what makes life worth living. A value is also something that helps people decide what is right or wrong in moral terms. Heritage– Heritage is a form of legacy. " IT IS IMAGINATION THAT OPENS OUR EYES TO WORLDS BEYOND OUR EXPERIENCE – ENABLING US TO CREATE, CARE FOR OTHERS, AND ENVISION SOCIAL CHANGE." 2 ( MAXINE GREENE, EDUCATOR AND CURRICULUM SPECIALIST) AboveLondon 2005: London 2012 Chairman and former Olympian Lord Sebastian Coe ( GBR) talks to children at an East London primary school about the Olympic Games. 1 Definitions from Educational Services of the Olympic Museum, Lausanne. 2 Greene, M. ( 1995). Releasing the imagination: Essays on education, the arts, and social change. San Francisco: Jossey- Bass Inc. ( book jacket). There are tangible heritages such as buildings, monuments, historical sites, works of art, objects, books, etc. There are also intangible heritages such as languages, films, music, scientific knowledge, customs, arts and crafts. Rituals, sport movements and techniques are part of the intangible heritage. Sport– Sport is understood to mean all forms of physical activity that contribute to physical fitness, mental well- being and social interaction. These activities include play; recreational, casual, organised or competitive sport; and indigenous sport or games ( UNESCO 2004). Culture– Culture is everything that allows people to situate themselves in relation to the world, society and also the heritage which is passed on to them ( values, behaviour, arts, artifacts, knowledge, belief systems, stories and myths, etc.).
12TEACHING VALUES SECTION 1 INTRODUCTION TO OLYMPIC VALUES EDUCATION FUNDAMENTAL PRINCIPLES OF THEOLYMPIC MOVEMENT THE " FUNDAMENTAL PRINCIPLES" APPEAR AT THE BEGINNING OF THE OLYMPIC CHARTER. # 1 Olympism is a philosophy of life, exalting and combining in a balanced whole the qualities of body, will and mind. Blending sport with culture and education, Olympism seeks to create a way of life based on the joy of effort, the educational value of good example and respect for universal fundamental ethical principles. # 2The goal of Olympism is to place sport at the service of the harmonious development of man, with a view to promoting a peaceful society concerned with the preservation of human dignity. # 3The Olympic Movement is the concerted, organised, universal and permanent action, carried out under the supreme authority of the IOC, of all individuals and entities who are inspired by the values of Olympism. It covers the five continents. It reaches its peak with the bringing together of the world's athletes at the great sports festival, the Olympic Games. Its symbol is five interlaced rings. # 4The practice of sport is a human right. Every individual must have the possibility of practising sport, without discrimination of any kind and in the Olympic spirit, which requires mutual understanding with a spirit of friendship, solidarity and fair play. The organisation, administration and management of sport must be controlled by independent sports organisations. # 5Any form of discrimination with regard to a country or a person on grounds of race, religion, politics, gender or otherwise is incompatible with belonging to the Olympic Movement. # 6Belonging to the Olympic Movement requires compliance with the Olympic Charter and recognition by the IOC. See Learning Activity, Section 4, Fundamental Principles – Interpretation, p. 68. Left Atlanta 1996: The Opening Ceremony at the Olympic Stadium in Atlanta, Georgia, celebrates the ancient origins of the Games. FUNDAMENTAL PRINCIPLES