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TEACHING VALUES AN OLYMPIC EDUCATION TOOLKIT SECTION 4 THE FIVE EDUCATIONAL VALUES OF OLYMPISM TEACHING VALUES117 1Use individual or small group physical movement to represent an idea: an animal, a cloud, a tree, a historical event, a mathematical formula, or the plot and characters of a short story. After the activity ask learners to discuss what they learned by experiencing the idea kinaesthetically. 2Use individual or small group physical movement to represent the Olympic rings, the Olympic message, the Olympic motto. After the activity ask learners to discuss what they learned by experiencing the idea kinaesthetically. 3Plan classroom " adventure" or " survival" challenges." By overcoming adventure challenges, learners learn about their self- imposed limitations and their potential capabilities. By confronting fear, change and uncertainty, learners learn important coping skills." 21 4Fitness Fun– Create imaginative training circuits in your school. In the gym or on the playground identify different places with a coloured piece of paper, or a poster, or in some other way. At each place learners will do a different kind of fitness activity. For example, they could pretend that they are a different animal at each place. Make up the activity that they would do at each place. Better still, get the children to help you develop fitness moves to be repeated at each place. Add music. Children love to do things to music. Other circuit themes could be: circus performers – Pretend you are a tumbler, trapeze artist, clown, animal trainer, juggler, dancer machines – Pretend you are a car, aeroplane, bicycle, train, rocket, etc. space – Pretend you're on Mars, on Jupiter, on the moon, on a rocket, etc. body moves – Pretend you are flying, swimming, climbing, hopping, skiing, riding a horse or camel, etc. wilderness adventure – Pretend you are crossing a river on a log, trying to see through tall grass, climbing a mountain, etc. 5Take a Walk– by yourself, with your schoolmates, with your family or your mother or father, with a friend, on skis or snowshoes, in the rain, under a rainbow. Record your observations of the weather, the seasons, the wildlife, the community. 6Let's Dance, Let's Sing, Let's Create, Let's Play, Let's Dream Mind, body and spirit activities express the joy of life and the culture of a community. In Africa, for example, dancing is an important expression of the identity of the community. Play music from different continents, and make up dances to the music and the rhythm. Make up songs to go with the music or learn songs from other countries. Incorporate song, costumes, and scenery in a special dance festival featuring the dances and music of other countries. Find a piece of music that you love. Make up a dance to this music that expresses your personality and/ or your dreams and hopes for your community and for your world. LEARN THROUGHACTIVITY USE THESE ACTIVITIES TO ENGAGE ALL LEARNERS IN BODILY- KINAESTHETIC ACTIVITIES. SPEND TIME AFTER THE ACTIVITIES TO HELP LEARNERS UNDERSTAND WHAT THEY HAVE LEARNED FROM THEIR " BODY- ORIENTED" ACTIVITIES. MANY LEARNERS THINK THAT IF THEY ARE HAVING FUN THEY ARE NOT LEARNING. Below Desiree Eid ( AUS) uses the ribbon during the Rhythmic Gymnastics at the 2005 Australian Youth Olympic Festival. 21 Adapted from Campbell, L., Campbell, B. and Dickenson, D. ( 1996). Teaching and Learning Through Multiple Intelligences, Second Edition. Boston: Allyn and Bacon, p. 86.

READING Echoes of the Past: The Ancient Greeks The modern Olympic Games were inspired by ideas from the civilisation of Ancient Greece. The first records of winners at the site of the ancient Olympic Games was in 776 BC. From then on the Games were held every four years for more than a thousand years. The activities of these festivals were directly related to the Greek idea of harmony between body and mind. Young people went to school and also trained in athletics. Physical exercise was accompanied by music. Music, dance and athletics helped to achieve the harmonious balance of the body and the mind. Local festivals involving music, drama and athletic contests provided a variety of competitive contexts in which citizens of the city- states could demonstrate their virtues and fight for excellence. Such contests were directly connected to the cults of the gods or heroes, and had a religious character. FOR DISCUSSION In your cultural tradition, what are the messages, symbols, stories or teachings that speak about harmony and balance in the human personality? Sometimes the ideas of harmony in a human personality come from healing traditions. What healing traditions in your culture focus on healing mental and emotional stress as well as physical illness. BODY, MINDANDSPIRIT INANCIENTGREECE USE A STUDY OF THE IDEAS OF THE ANCIENT GREEKS TO HELP LEARNERS TO UNDERSTAND THE CULTURAL CONCEPT OF BALANCE BETWEEN BODY AND MIND, AND TO EXPLORE THEIR OWN CULTURAL INTERPRETATIONS OF HARMONY IN THE HUMAN PERSONALITY. 118TEACHING VALUES SECTION 4 THE FIVE EDUCATIONAL VALUES OF OLYMPISM Below Ancient Olympia: The ruins of the temple of Zeus.