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READING Echoes of the Past: The Ancient Greeks The modern Olympic Games were inspired by ideas from the civilisation of Ancient Greece. The first records of winners at the site of the ancient Olympic Games was in 776 BC. From then on the Games were held every four years for more than a thousand years. The activities of these festivals were directly related to the Greek idea of harmony between body and mind. Young people went to school and also trained in athletics. Physical exercise was accompanied by music. Music, dance and athletics helped to achieve the harmonious balance of the body and the mind. Local festivals involving music, drama and athletic contests provided a variety of competitive contexts in which citizens of the city- states could demonstrate their virtues and fight for excellence. Such contests were directly connected to the cults of the gods or heroes, and had a religious character. FOR DISCUSSION In your cultural tradition, what are the messages, symbols, stories or teachings that speak about harmony and balance in the human personality? Sometimes the ideas of harmony in a human personality come from healing traditions. What healing traditions in your culture focus on healing mental and emotional stress as well as physical illness. BODY, MINDANDSPIRIT INANCIENTGREECE USE A STUDY OF THE IDEAS OF THE ANCIENT GREEKS TO HELP LEARNERS TO UNDERSTAND THE CULTURAL CONCEPT OF BALANCE BETWEEN BODY AND MIND, AND TO EXPLORE THEIR OWN CULTURAL INTERPRETATIONS OF HARMONY IN THE HUMAN PERSONALITY. 118TEACHING VALUES SECTION 4 THE FIVE EDUCATIONAL VALUES OF OLYMPISM Below Ancient Olympia: The ruins of the temple of Zeus.

TEACHING VALUES AN OLYMPIC EDUCATION TOOLKIT WINNINGANDLOSING: WHAT'SIMPORTANT22 SECTION 4 THE FIVE EDUCATIONAL VALUES OF OLYMPISM TEACHING VALUES119 USE THE RESULTS FROM THE SURVEY BELOW TO ENGAGE LEARNERS IN A DISCUSSION ABOUT THE VALUES THAT SEEM IMPORTANT TO THEM. EACH LEARNER WILL COMPLETE THE SURVEY. THEN THE RESULTS WILL BE COMBINED AND ANALYSED. HOW MUCH DO YOU VALUE… very littlelittlemuchvery much 1. Winning 2. Having fun, playing the game 3. Friendship 4. Exercise 5. Fair Play 6. Uniforms 7. Competition, being my best 8. Coaching 9. Being part of a team 10. Refereeing SUGGESTED ACTIVITIES Add up the results together on the blackboard or on a piece of paper. Make graphs of the results by a) category; b) comparing girls and boys; c) by the class average in each category. FOR DISCUSSION What values are demonstrated by your choices in this survey? Are these the values that you want to demonstrate? Why or why not? What action would you need to take to show that you are changing your values? I AM A GIRLBOY 22 Binder, D. 1985. Come Together: The Olympics and You. Ottawa: Canadian Olympic Association, p. IV- 28.