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TEACHING VALUES AN OLYMPIC EDUCATION TOOLKIT WINNINGANDLOSING: WHAT'SIMPORTANT22 SECTION 4 THE FIVE EDUCATIONAL VALUES OF OLYMPISM TEACHING VALUES119 USE THE RESULTS FROM THE SURVEY BELOW TO ENGAGE LEARNERS IN A DISCUSSION ABOUT THE VALUES THAT SEEM IMPORTANT TO THEM. EACH LEARNER WILL COMPLETE THE SURVEY. THEN THE RESULTS WILL BE COMBINED AND ANALYSED. HOW MUCH DO YOU VALUE… very littlelittlemuchvery much 1. Winning 2. Having fun, playing the game 3. Friendship 4. Exercise 5. Fair Play 6. Uniforms 7. Competition, being my best 8. Coaching 9. Being part of a team 10. Refereeing SUGGESTED ACTIVITIES Add up the results together on the blackboard or on a piece of paper. Make graphs of the results by a) category; b) comparing girls and boys; c) by the class average in each category. FOR DISCUSSION What values are demonstrated by your choices in this survey? Are these the values that you want to demonstrate? Why or why not? What action would you need to take to show that you are changing your values? I AM A GIRLBOY 22 Binder, D. 1985. Come Together: The Olympics and You. Ottawa: Canadian Olympic Association, p. IV- 28.

120TEACHING VALUES SECTION 4 THE FIVE EDUCATIONAL VALUES OF OLYMPISM WISEWORDS HISTORY HAS RECORDED WISE WORDS IN THE STORIES FROM MANY DIFFERENT PARTS OF THE WORLD. HERE ARE A FEW. USE THESE STORIES AS A WAY TO HELP LEARNERS TO SHARE THE WISDOM STORIES FROM THEIR OWN CULTURAL TRADITIONS. FROM CHINA Harmony and balance are important ideas in Chinese philosophy. Confucius, an ancient Chinese teacher, developed a moral code that included rules about people's roles and responsibilities. He believed that paying attention to duty and responsibility would contribute to achieving harmony and balance. " WHEN YOU KNOW WHERE TO STOP, YOU HAVE STABILITY. WHEN YOU HAVE STABILITY, YOU CAN BE TRANQUIL. WHEN YOU ARE TRANQUIL, YOU CAN BE AT EASE. WHEN YOU ARE AT EASE, YOU CAN DELIBERATE. WHEN YOU CAN DELIBERATE, YOU CAN ATTAIN YOUR AIMS." ( FROM THE GREAT LEARNING – A CHAPTER IN ONE OF THE FIVE CLASSICS OF THE CONFUCIAN TRADITION.) FROM ISLAM " THAT PERSON IS NEAREST TO GOD WHO PARDONS, WHEN HE HAS IT IN HIS POWER, THE PERSON WHO HAS INJURED HIM." " IT IS PROPER THAT EVERY RIGHTEOUS MAN SHOULD SHARE THE PAIN OF HIS FELLOWS IN THE SAME WAY AS AN ACHING HEAD MAKES THE WHOLE BODY ACHE." SAYINGS OF THE PROPHET MUHAMMAD FROM SOUTH AFRICA " I LOOK AT AN ANT AND I SEE MYSELF: A NATIVE SOUTH AFRICAN… WITH A STRENGTH MUCH GREATER THAN MY SIZE SO I MIGHT COPE WITH THE WEIGHT OF A RACISM THAT CRUSHES MY SPRIT. I LOOK AT A BIRD AND I SEE MYSELF: A NATIVE SOUTH AFRICAN, SOARING ABOVE THE INJUSTICES OF APARTHEID ON WINGS OF PRIDE, THE PRIDE OF A BEAUTIFUL PEOPLE. I LOOK AT A STREAM AND I SEE MYSELF: A NATIVE SOUTH AFRICAN, FLOWING… OVER HARD OBSTACLES UNTIL THEY BECOME SMOOTH AND, ONE DAY, DISAPPEAR… AND IN A SAD WORLD WHERE SO MANY ARE VICTIMS, I CAN TAKE PRIDE THAT I AM ALSO A FIGHTER. MY LIFE, MY CAREER, EVERY SONG I SING AND EVERY APPEARANCE I MAKE, ARE BOUND UP WITH THE PLIGHT OF MY PEOPLE… THERE ARE THREE THINGS I WAS BORN WITH IN THIS WORLD, AND THERE ARE THREE THINGS I WILL HAVE UNTIL THE DAY I DIE: HOPE, DETERMINATION AND SONG. THESE THINGS I ALSO HOLD IN COMMON WITH MY PEOPLE…" 23 ( MIRIAM MAKEBA) FROM SOUTH AMERICA "! AMA SUA, AMA KJELLA, AMA LLLULLA – DON'T LIE, DON'T CHEAT, DON'T BE LAZY." QUECHUA GREETING DURING INCA TIMES. FROM INDIA In ancient times the Buddha wandered the Ganges plains of Northern India. He taught many lessons about good living. Many of his teachings can be read today. " NOT KILLING OR HARMING LIVING BEINGS. THIS IS BEING KIND. NOT TAKING WHAT IS NOT GIVEN [ NOT STEALING]. THIS IS BEING HONEST. NOT BEING UNFAITHFUL IN RELATIONSHIPS. THIS IS BEING TRUSTWORTHY. NOT USING WRONG SPEECH. THIS IS BEING TRUTHFUL. NOT TAKING DRINK OR DRUGS. THIS IS BEING CLEAR MINDED." THE FIVE PRECEPTS OF BUDDHISM Below Confucian writings are still taught in China today.