12TEACHING VALUES SECTION 1 INTRODUCTION TO OLYMPIC VALUES EDUCATION FUNDAMENTAL PRINCIPLES OF THEOLYMPIC MOVEMENT THE " FUNDAMENTAL PRINCIPLES" APPEAR AT THE BEGINNING OF THE OLYMPIC CHARTER. # 1 Olympism is a philosophy of life, exalting and combining in a balanced whole the qualities of body, will and mind. Blending sport with culture and education, Olympism seeks to create a way of life based on the joy of effort, the educational value of good example and respect for universal fundamental ethical principles. # 2The goal of Olympism is to place sport at the service of the harmonious development of man, with a view to promoting a peaceful society concerned with the preservation of human dignity. # 3The Olympic Movement is the concerted, organised, universal and permanent action, carried out under the supreme authority of the IOC, of all individuals and entities who are inspired by the values of Olympism. It covers the five continents. It reaches its peak with the bringing together of the world's athletes at the great sports festival, the Olympic Games. Its symbol is five interlaced rings. # 4The practice of sport is a human right. Every individual must have the possibility of practising sport, without discrimination of any kind and in the Olympic spirit, which requires mutual understanding with a spirit of friendship, solidarity and fair play. The organisation, administration and management of sport must be controlled by independent sports organisations. # 5Any form of discrimination with regard to a country or a person on grounds of race, religion, politics, gender or otherwise is incompatible with belonging to the Olympic Movement. # 6Belonging to the Olympic Movement requires compliance with the Olympic Charter and recognition by the IOC. See Learning Activity, Section 4, Fundamental Principles – Interpretation, p. 68. Left Atlanta 1996: The Opening Ceremony at the Olympic Stadium in Atlanta, Georgia, celebrates the ancient origins of the Games. FUNDAMENTAL PRINCIPLES
TEACHING VALUES AN OLYMPIC EDUCATION TOOLKIT SECTION 1 INTRODUCTION TO OLYMPIC VALUES EDUCATION TEACHINGVALUES13 EDUCATIONAL VALUES OF OLYMPISM FIVE EDUCATIONAL VALUES HAVE BEEN HIGHLIGHTED FOR THIS TOOLKIT. THESE VALUES COME FROM THE FUNDAMENTAL PRINCIPLES, AND HAVE BEEN WORDED IN A WAY THAT SEEMS RELEVANT FOR EDUCATIONAL PURPOSES. THEY INCORPORATE THE THREE DOMAINS OF LEARNING: COGNITIVE ( INTELLECTUAL), AFFECTIVE ( SOCIAL/ EMOTIONAL) AND KINESTHETIC ( PHYSICAL). A. JOY OF EFFORT Young people develop and practise physical, behavioural and intellectual skills by challenging themselves and each other in physical activities, movement, games and sport. B. FAIR PLAY Fair play is a sports concept, but it is applied worldwide today in many different ways. Learning fair play behaviour in sport can lead to the development and reinforcement of fair play behaviour in the community and in life. C. RESPECT FOR OTHERS When young people who live in a multicultural world learn to accept and respect diversity and practise personal peaceful behaviour, they promote peace and international understanding. D. PURSUIT OF EXCELLENCE A focus on excellence can help young people to make positive, healthy choices, and strive to become the best that they can be in whatever they do. E. BALANCE BETWEEN BODY, WILL AND MIND Learning takes place in the whole body, not just in the mind, and physical literacy and learning through movement contributes to the development of both moral and intellectual learning. This concept became the foundation of Pierre de Coubertin's interest in a revival of the Olympic Games. Teaching suggestions and practical activities have been included for each of the five values in Section 4: " The Five Educational Values". Left A father lifts his son to stick heart-shaped cards on a banner during a public promotion event for " Welcome the Olympic Games; use civilised behaviour; create a new atmosphere", aimed at encouraging the development of positive behaviours by Beijing's 15 million citizens.