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20TEACHING VALUES SECTION 1 INTRODUCTION TO OLYMPIC VALUES EDUCATION W henever the Olympic flag is raised during the Opening Ceremony of an Olympic Games, the world celebrates the ideas of the founder of the modern Olympic Movement, Pierre de Coubertin ( 1863- 1937). His objectives were educational. He believed that young people needed to train their bodies as well as their minds. He wanted the schools in his country to include compulsory organised sports in their programmes. He thought that his ideas would receive good publicity if he organised an international sporting event based on the heritage of the ancient Olympic Games of Greece. In 1894, Pierre de Coubertin invited colleagues and friends to a Congress. At the Congress he introduced a plan to revive the Olympic Games. The committee to plan these Games was called the International Olympic Committee. His objectives are summed up in the " Aims of the Olympic Movement" which appear in the original Olympic Charter. The Olympic Charter has been revised many times. It guides the work of the International Olympic Movement. Pierre de Coubertin's " Aims" are now called " Fundamental Principles." THECHALLENGES THE OBJECTIVES OF PIERRE DE COUBERTIN'S ORIGINAL OLYMPIC MOVEMENT FORM THE BASIS OF THE FUNDAMENTAL PRINCIPLES OF THE OLYMPIC CHARTER. THE CHALLENGE NOW IS FOR MEMBERS OF THE OLYMPIC FAMILY TO PROMOTE THESE VALUES. FOR MEMBERS OF THE OLYMPIC FAMILY As a member of the Olympic Family you represent the Olympic Movement. Whether you are an IOC member, an Olympian, a Games organiser, or a sponsor, you stand for the values and principles of Olympism. Imagine yourself as the guest of honour at the Opening Ceremony of an Olympic Day Games in a school or community. Hundreds of excited young people wait for you to declare the ' Olympic Day Games' officially open. They have learned about Olympic history, other participating nations and the values of the Olympic Movement. In keeping with the belief that the Olympic Games are more than another sports event, students have produced their own torches and posters, and are looking forward to a day of sport and cultural activities. They will be challenged to practise fair play, accept individual differences and be the best that they can be. This is Olympism in action! These educational values of Olympism do not emerge automatically from active participation in sport. They have to be taught. As a member of the Olympic Family, you are in a unique position to share and promote this Toolkit. Because of your participation a child may be inspired to become a future Olympian, or a champion for human rights in sport and in life. You will have made a difference in a child's life. THE AIMS OF THE OLYMPIC MOVEMENT ( 1894) To promote the development of those physical and moral qualities which are the basis of sport To educate young people through sport in a spirit of better understanding between each other, and of friendship, thereby helping to build a better and more peaceful world To spread the Olympic principles throughout the world, thereby creating international goodwill To bring together athletes of the world in the great four- yearly sports festival, the Olympic Games

AboveAthens 1896: Athens, Greece, hosted the first Olympic Games. Here you can see the activity in the white marbled Panathinaiko Stadium before a hurdles event. Right Seoul 1988: A Field Hockey match between India and Pakistan. Mohinder P. Singh ( IND) tries to evade Tahir Zaman ( PAK) and Muhammad Qamar I.( PAK). LeftPierre de Coubertin and his invitation to the Congress of 1894. TEACHING VALUES AN OLYMPIC EDUCATION TOOLKIT TEACHINGVALUES21 SECTION 1 INTRODUCTION TO OLYMPIC VALUES EDUCATION