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The people who are carrying the flag in the picture below are all people who have made the world a better place to live in. Five of these " flag bearers" represented the five main regions of the world. The other three represented the three pillars of the Olympic Movement: sport, culture and environment. Use the internet or ask your teachers/ elders what each of the following leaders has achieved and why they were chosen. Archbishop Desmond Tutu– Africa John Glenn– the Americas Lech Walesa– Europe Cathy Freeman– Oceania Kazuyoshi Funaki – Asia Jean- Claude Killy( France) represented " Sports" Steven Spielberg( USA) represented " Culture" Jacques Cousteau( France) represented the " Environment" 1 ACTIVITYSHEET 32TEACHING VALUES SECTION 2 CELEBRATING THE VALUES THROUGH SYMBOL AND CEREMONY TALK IN GROUPS Why do nations have flags? Why does the Olympic Movement have a flag? TO THINK ABOUT If the Olympic Games came to your city and country, whom would you pick to be the eight flag bearers for the Olympic flag? Why would you pick each of these people? CHECKLIST ACTIVITY 1 ACTIVITY 2 ACTIVITY 3 ACTIVITY 4 ACTIVITY 5 23 Design and draw a flag for a special event in your community or for your school, or draw the flag of your country. Then explain the symbols and images you have used on your flag. Design an apparatus for a wheelchair that will help someone with a disability to wave a big flag. 4 5

TEACHING VALUES AN OLYMPIC EDUCATION TOOLKIT READING Cheating and Punishment in Ancient Olympia How would you punish a cheater in a sporting event in your community? The Ancient Greeks had a very unusual way of punishing athletes who cheated. They had to pay for a statue that had their names and their families' names on it. Everybody walked past these statues on their way to the stadium. How embarrassing! The ancient Olympic Games of Greece were organised with many rules and rituals – just like our Games. They were sacred to the Greek god Zeus. Athletes, their fathers and brothers, and officials promised to obey the rules at a ceremony in front of the temple of Zeus before the Games began. However, there were sometimes cheaters. As a penalty for cheating the athlete and his city had to pay a large fine. These fines were used to build small statues of Zeus called " Zanes." For hundreds of years other athletes walked past these statues as they marched into the stadium. The statues were a good reminder of the consequences of cheating. Some of the bases of these statues can be seen today at ancient Olympia. The names of the cheaters are still there for everybody to see – 3,000 years later. FOR DISCUSSION What kind of actions break the rules in Olympic sports competitions. What happens to the people who break the rules? Describe a ceremony in your culture or tradition in which people make promises or oaths. Why do people make promises like this? Have you ever made a promise to someone? Did you keep your promise? How did you feel about keeping or breaking your promise? Why did you feel this way? If you cheated during a sports competition, would you like your school or community to put your name on a statue that would stand in the front of the school? Why or why not? How would your parents feel? What are appropriate punishments for your classmates if they cheat? Do you think this is an effective ' consequence' for cheating? What is the punishment for cheaters in sports today? Do these punishments prevent people from cheating? Why or why not? What measures would you suggest in order to prevent cheating and violence in a sports competition? AboveCheaters in the ancient Olympic Games were punished by having to pay for a small statue of Zeus, bearing their name. MAKINGPROMISES: THEOLYMPICOATHS SECTION 2 CELEBRATING THE VALUES THROUGH SYMBOL AND CEREMONY TEACHINGVALUES33 THE ATHLETES' OATH IS A RITUAL DURING THE OPENING CEREMONY. USE THIS ACTIVITY TO EXPLORE THE PROBLEMS OF CHEATING IN SPORT IN BOTH ANCIENT AND MODERN TIMES. " IN THE NAME OF ALL COMPETITORS, I PROMISE THAT WE WILL TAKE PART IN THESE OLYMPIC GAMES, RESPECTING AND ABIDING BY THE RULES WHICH GOVERN THEM, COMMITTING OURSELVES TO A SPORT WITHOUT DOPING AND WITHOUT DRUGS, IN THE TRUE SPIRIT OF SPORTSMANSHIP, FOR THE GLORY OF SPORT AND THE HONOUR OF OUR TEAMS." ( MODERN OLYMPIC OATH, OLYMPIC CHARTER, 2003)