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34TEACHING VALUES SECTION 2 CELEBRATING THE VALUES THROUGH SYMBOL AND CEREMONY C itius, Altius, Fortiusare Latin words. They mean " faster, higher, stronger". In many Olympic sports, the athlete that is the fastest, the highest or the strongest wins the gold medal. There are some Olympic sports that use a judging system to decide who wins the gold medal. Gymnastics, diving and figure skating are three examples. These sports are judged by a panel of judges. They look for things like spectacular moves, body control, artistic style and difficulty of movements or combinations of movements. FOR DISCUSSION Can judges or officials cheat? How? Why would they cheat? What are the consequences of their cheating? " THE MOST IMPORTANT THING IN THE OLYMPIC GAMES IS NOT TO WIN BUT TO TAKE PART, JUST AS THE MOST IMPORTANT THING IN LIFE IS NOT THE TRIUMPH BUT THE STRUGGLE. THE ESSENTIAL THING IS NOT TO HAVE CONQUERED BUT TO HAVE FOUGHT WELL." FOR DISCUSSION This message appears on the scoreboard at every Olympic Games. Explain what you think it means in your own words. Do you agree with this message? Why or why not? Not all athletes or their coaches agree with this message. They will cheat in order to win. What are some of the ways that athletes cheat? Why do they cheat? How does cheating harm other athletes? How does cheating harm the athlete who has cheated? TopAtlanta 1996: Miroslav Simek and Jiri Rohan ( CZE) in the Canoe/ Kayak Slalom. AboveAthens 2004: Rhythmic gymnasts in training. RightMoscow 1980: Men's Gymnastics, Rings Final. Gold medallist Alexander Dityatin ( URS) shows the strength required in this discipline. FASTER, HIGHER STRONGER MOTTOS AND MESSAGES HIGHLIGHT IMPORTANT VALUES. USE THE OLYMPIC MOTTO AND MESSAGE AS MODELS FOR DEVELOPING OTHER MOTTOS OR SAYINGS TO REPRESENT THE OLYMPIC VALUES.

TEACHING VALUES AN OLYMPIC EDUCATION TOOLKIT SECTION 2 CELEBRATING THE VALUES THROUGH SYMBOL AND CEREMONY TEACHING VALUES35 ACTIVITYSHEET Make posters using the Olympic motto or message – or use your own words for the message. Write inspirational messages for yourself or your friends. Write a motto or message for a sport that you like. CHECKLIST ACTIVITY 1 ACTIVITY 2 ACTIVITY 3 123